Teen Dating Violence HB 121
RCMS Student Assistance Counselor
Ortralla Mosley On March 27, 2003, 15-year-old Ortralla Mosley broke up with her 16-year-old boyfriend, Marcus McTear. Both were sophomores at Reagan High School in Austin, Texas. The following day, Marcus stabbed Ortralla to death in the hallway at school.
Prevalence 2001 Harvard School of Public Health:
20% of female students (grades 9 – 12) reported experiencing physical or sexual violence or both from a dating partner. (definition - shoved, slapped, hit, or forced into sexual activity).
Prevalence 50% to 80% of teens have reported knowing others who were involved in violent relationships. In 1995, 7% of ALL murder victims were young women killed by their boyfriends. * Alliance: TDV Factsheets
Legislative Action In response to increasing concerns re: teenage dating/relationship violence, Texas recently passed House Bill 121, which requires schools to implement dating violence policies and programs for students, staff, and parents.
3 Types of Abuse Pinching Hitting Slapping Shoving
Physical Pinching Hitting Slapping Shoving Squeezing/Grabbing (typically arms, chin) Hair-pulling Choking Detaining
3 Types (continued) Emotional
Name calling, threats, screaming, yelling, ridiculing, emotional blackmailing, stalking, cyber bullying (ridicule, photographs, etc.) and insults/putdowns. Can include: jealousy, possessiveness, controlling, bossy, quick tempered, isolates from friends and family, monitors communications, humiliates…
3 Types (continued) Sexual
verbal sexual abuse: sexual slurs or attacks on a person’s gender or sexual orientation. unwanted sexual contact (kissing or touching).
3 Types (continued) Sexual
The use of intimidation or coercion to get someone to engage in sexual activity. (coercion includes.. pestering, pressuring). Forcible assault (with or w/out weapon) Administration of drugs or alcohol Age difference
How do I know if my friend is in trouble?
Unexplained bruises, scratches, or injuries Fear of upsetting their partner Partner exhibits controlling behavior (what to wear, where to go, who you can go with) Partner makes all the decisions Partner checks up on friend’s whereabouts frequently (call logs, text messages incl.) Friend must account for their time Friend’s partner is jealous or possessive
Who Are The Victims? Teens in all ethnic groups, socioeconomic groups, and geographic regions. Boys are more likely to be pinched, slapped, scratched, or kicked by dating partners. Girls are more at risk for severe violence, sexual violence, and injuries requiring medical attention. Pregnant teens are at greater risk for physical assault by intimate partners. Girls experience more psychological abuse from dating partners than boys. Young women, ages 16 to 24 years, experience the highest rate of relationship violence. Alliance: TDV Factsheets
Teens at Greatest Risk for Victimization (male and female)
Low self-esteem Homes where there is domestic violence Homes where females are negated or demeaned Passive or non-assertive Emotionally deprived Poor relationship with parents Absent/uninvolved father History of Sexual Abuse
Who Are The Abusers? Both male and female teens commit dating violence but…. Boys initiate the violence more often Boys typically use greater force Boys are more repeatedly abusive to their dating partners than girls. Alliance: TDV Factsheets
Who are the Abusers? Low self-esteem, jealous, controlling
Homes where there is domestic violence Homes where females are negated or demeaned Aggressive (Poor anger management skills) Emotionally deprived Poor relationship with parents Absent/uninvolved or abusive father Impulsive Power & Control oriented
More indicators… Verbal abuse, criticism and insulting of the victim
Minimization of violence or abuse Loss of interest in things that were once important Sudden change in appearance or behavior Spending less time with friends and family Sudden changes in mood or personality Begin using drugs or alcohol
Reporting Challenges Teens generally do not tell people when they are involved in a violent relationship A teen may believe that reporting a problem will get them into more trouble Most often, a teen will tell their friends and not an adult about the problem. Their friends might not know what to do to help.
Reporting Challenges Fear of their Partner Self-Blame
Minimization of abuse Loyalty or love for their partner Social or religious stigma Lack of understanding of the danger
What To Do At School Tell an adult if you think your friend might be in an abusive relationship. Tell an adult if YOU are in an abusive relationship. “Choose to Care” survey to report suspected abuse. PALS confidential drop-boxes (to be located throughout the school)
Our Commitment To You.. The safety of students at RCMS is a responsibility taken seriously by administrators, faculty, and staff. PLEASE notify us IMMEDIATELY if you or someone you know is in an abusive relationship. We have supportive procedures in place to assist victims and potential abusers.
Resources for Interventions
School Resources School Counselors, Administrators, Nurse, Teachers, SRO Community Agency resources Friends of the Family, MHMR Children’s Advocacy Center Community Private Practitioner resources
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