2What is Dating Violence? PhysicalSexualPsychological/Emotional ViolenceWithin a dating relationship (as well as stalkingHow can it occur:In personElectronically -such as repeated texting or posting sexual pictures of a partner online. May occur between a current or former dating partner
3Ways it is described Relationship Abuse Intimate partner Violence Relationship ViolenceDating AbuseDomestic AbuseDomestic Violence
4Types of ViolencePhysical—This occurs when a partner is pinched, hit, shoved, or kicked.• Emotional—This means threatening a partner or harming his or her sense of self-worth. Examples include name calling, shaming, bullying, embarrassing on purpose, or keeping him/her away from friends and family.• Sexual—This is forcing a partner to engage in a sex act when he or she does not or cannot consent.• Stalking—This refers to a pattern of harassing or threatening tactics used by a perpetrator that is both unwanted and causes fear in the victim.
5Stats:A nationwide survey says 9.4 percent of high school students report being hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose by their boyfriend or girlfriend in the 12 month prior to the survey.About 1 in 5 women and nearly 1 in 7 men who ever experience rape, physical violence, and/or stalking by an intimate partnerFirst experienced some form of partner violence between years of age
6Why does it happen? Communicating with your partner Managing uncomfortable emotions (anger and jealousy and treating others with respect are a few ways to keep relationships healthy and non-violentMixed Messages from:PeersAdults in their livesMedia
7Violent relationships increase with: Believe it's okay to use threats or violence to get their way or to express frustration or anger.Use alcohol or drugs.Can't manage anger or frustration.Hang out with violent peers.Have multiple sexual partners.Have a friend involved in dating violence.Are depressed or anxious.Have learning difficulties and other problems at school.Don't have parental supervision and support.Witness violence at home or in the community.Have a history of aggressive behavior or bullying.
8Cycle of AbuseUnhealthy relationships can start early and last a lifetime. Dating violence often starts with teasing and name calling. These behaviors are often thought to be a “normal” part of a relationship. But these behaviors can lead to more serious violence like physical assault and rape.