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Preventing Teen Dating Abuse: Engaging Boys, Girls and Adults Rus Ervin Funk, MSW www.rusfunk.com.

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Presentation on theme: "Preventing Teen Dating Abuse: Engaging Boys, Girls and Adults Rus Ervin Funk, MSW www.rusfunk.com."— Presentation transcript:

1 Preventing Teen Dating Abuse: Engaging Boys, Girls and Adults Rus Ervin Funk, MSW

2 Use/Critique of Language victim and survivor batterer violent relationships (etc.) Date rape © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

3 Youth Development Rapid developmental growth Emotionally Physically Socially Concrete thinkers Tend to hold rigid gender stereotypes Shift in spheres of influence from parents to peers (in US – check if is universal) Testing boundaries Sense of self and power © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

4 Definitions Keep two definitions of Dating/Domestic violence in mind at all time Legal Feminist/victim-centered Based on pattern of coercive control to maintain power and control © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

5 Power and Control Wheel Note: Physical violence is not necessary to maintain the P/C Wheel © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

6 Dynamics of Youth who are Abused P/C wheel Exaggerate responsibility Self-Blame Minimize threat/harm Ambivalent response Asserting control Anger © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

7 Dynamics of Abusive Youth Paradigm of Entitlement Getting to abuse Asserting control Imbalance of accountability Blame shifting They choose to © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

8 Gendered Nature of Dating Abuse Girls and boys appear to hit each other mutually but… How boys and girls hit Why boys and girls hit Boys and girls experiences of being hit Sexual assault within relationships Post relationship abuse What boys say when they hit © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

9 A Shift in Focus – to Prevent Prevention means to shift focus to how it is that men and boys are abusive. To advocate or provide services means we need to know more about how women, men are abused. To date, weve focused more on the later. © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

10 Moving Upstream PreventingAwareness Treating Victims ViolenceBuildingIntervening © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

11 Foundations of Primary Prevention Violence is complex & requires a comprehensive approach Determinants of violence & safety must be addressed Examine both risk factors and protective factors Requires an integrated strategy Explore promotion © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

12 The Public Health Model Develop and Test Prevention Strategies Disseminate effective strategies Identify Risk and Protective Factors Define the Problem

13 Root Causes What puts youth at increased risk for dating abuse? But why… © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

14 Risk and Protective Factors ID risk factors For perpetration For victimization ID protective factors From perpetration From victimization © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

15 Risk Factors do not cause domestic violence-they are factors that may be present for some individuals No single risk or protective factor can predict a specific outcome or condition All risk and protective factors are not equal; it is not a one-to-one relationship Addressing a single risk factor is not enough Risk & Protective Factors: Keep in mind…

16 What protects girls & women? What increases their risk? What prevents boys & men from being abusive? What increases their likelihood of being abusive? What are the modifiable factors? What groups are most at risk? Identify Risk & Protective Factors

17 An Ecological Model Intrapersonal (Attitudes) Relational (Behaviors) Organizational (Practices) Community (Norms) Socio-Cultural (Customs, laws, beliefs) © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

18 Gendered Nature of Prevention Gendered nature of dating abuse Gendered understanding of and relationship to violence Gendered understanding of and relationship to D & SV Implications for our efforts © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

19 Primary Prevention Efforts From An Ecological Framework Intra- personal RelationalOrgani- zational Com- munity Socio- cultural Teen girls Train parents to talk w/ girls Infused School Curricula; School policies girl power groups Valuing women and girls media campaign Teen boys Masculinity & respect Training parents to talk w/ boys about healthy dating Infused School Curricula; School policies boys of respect groups Choose Respect media campaign © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

20 Spectrum of Prevention Working with Individuals Promoting Community Education Training Providers Fostering Coalitions Changing Organizational Practices Influencing Policy Grassroots Organizing Ongoing evaluation © 2009/2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

21 Prevention Efforts with Boys What factors contribute to boys being abusive? What efforts can we initiate to prevent boys from being abusive? What efforts can we initiate that promote boys being in healthy and respectful relationships? © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

22 Talking with Adolescent Boys Overcome defensiveness Address myths Increase victim-sympathy Examine male response-abilities Dont hurt women (or men) theyre dating Responding to friends who are abused Becoming an Ally (based on a bystander approach) Becoming proactive Challenge Social norms © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

23 Bystander Efforts Need to be gendered too Who are the bystanders? Which adults could be allies as well? How can adults model being allies? How do youth decide who to stand by? How do we move from bystanders to allies? © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

24 Changing Organizational Policies and Practices Identify organizational practices Assess those practices Do the support your efforts To what degree Identify changes to be made Implement changes Evaluate efforts © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

25 Community Organizing Overview of Social Capital What is the community? Clarify the community Define boundaries Create access How does community understand dating abuse? Respond prevent © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

26 Social Norms Define what is normal Identify current social norms Examine alternative social norms Promote alternatives Strengthen alternatives © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

27 Social Forces that Contribute Act like a man Be a lady Ecological Framework © 2009/2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

28 Be a MAN What Men are Called Whats Done to Men Be a Man

29 Be a Lady Act like a Lady! What Women are Called Whats Done to Women

30 Promotion What are we promoting Gender respect Nonviolent relationships Leadership development Communities that support the above © 2013Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

31 Gender Respect What constitutes gender respect? How do youth know when they are being treated with respect? How do youth know when they are treating others with respect? How gender informs notions and practices of respect. © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

32 An Ecological Model Intrapersonal (Attitudes) Relational (Behaviors) Organizational (Practices) Community (Norms) Socio-Cultural (Customs, laws, beliefs) © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

33 Healthy Relationships Elements of a healthy relationship Defining these elements concretely Putting this into practice Creating social norms to support © 2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

34 An Ecological Model Intrapersonal (Attitudes) Relational (Behaviors) Organizational (Practices) Community (Norms) Socio-Cultural (Customs, laws, beliefs) © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

35 Educating – for Leadership (Focus on the social problem rather than the personal tragedy) Use of emergent Curriculum Design Engage youth as problem solvers Put into practice what theyre learning as theyre learning Take action

36 Emergent Curriculum Design Based on Frierian Educational Praxis Grounded in prevention theory Create a team of youth, staff and parents who work together to create the educational program that will be provided to youth. © 2009/2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

37 E.C. Process Identify partner Create team Define focus Brainstorm content Develop curriculum from the content Edit curriculum Train facilitators Implement curriculum Evaluate © 2009/2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

38 Partnership Development Brainstorm partners Create relationships Discuss positive outcomes Develop preventionist analysis Explore funding © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

39 Activities Dating Abuse awareness week activities Teen equality wheel – put into action and practice Promoting youth abilities to challenge the restrictions of gender and the lessons of Promoting youth leadership Addressing Dating Abuse Press Conferences Legislative Advocacy © 2009/2013 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved

40 © 2009 Rus Ervin Funk, all rights reserved Thank-You!!! Rus Ervin Funk (502)


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