Presentation on theme: "Teen Dating Violence Prevention Staff Training Sexual Harassment and Assault Prevention Program (SHAPP) (Insert School District) Public Schools Training."— Presentation transcript:
Teen Dating Violence Prevention Staff Training Sexual Harassment and Assault Prevention Program (SHAPP) (Insert School District) Public Schools Training Date: (Insert Date)
The vision (and/or mission) of (school district) Public Schools is to (insert district vision/mission statement here) Vision/Mission Statement
SHAPP Goals and Objectives Highlight your districts SHAPP goals/objectives pertaining to teen dating violence in bullet form Use your discretion as to whether all SHAPP objectives should be listed here or simply those related to teen dating violence. If the latter is chosen, you may want to briefly mention that additional program objectives are beyond the scope of this training and will be covered in other program-related trainings/activities. Include statement that draws clear and direct link between SHAPP goals/objectives on teen dating violence and school district vision/mission
Teen Dating Violence (TDV) is defined as: Psychological/emotional, verbal, physical or sexual abuse, including forced isolation, threats and/or intimidation, occurring in the context of a casual or serious (long-term) teen dating relationship. Both males and females can be perpetrators of teen dating violence. What is Teen Dating Violence?
Psychological/ Emotional VerbalPhysicalSexua l Murder TDV: A Continuum of Behaviors
The violence that can occur within a teen dating relationship ranges in severity from psychological and emotional abuse to rape, with the most severe cases resulting in murder. TDV mirrors the characteristics of adult domestic violence, also called Intimate Partner Violence (IPV).
Psychological/Emotional Abuse Controlling behavior such as telling victim what to wear or who to be friends with Jealous behavior/attempts to socially isolate victim Humiliation, insults Characteristics of TDV
Psychological/Emotional Abuse Attempts to make victim feel guilty Constant criticism or blame for things that go wrong Threats of violence to self or others Stalking Characteristics of TDV
Verbal Abuse (commonly overlaps with emotional abuse) Name calling, using sexually derogatory names Swearing, yelling at victim Criticizing opinions, insulting beliefs or values Putting down family or friends Characteristics of TDV
Physical Abuse Slapping, hitting/punching, shoving, shaking, choking, etc. Using a weapon Throwing objects Damaging personal property Characteristics of TDV
Sexual Abuse Making unwanted sexual advances Sexual coercion Forcing unwanted sexual activity Attempting to engage in sexual activity with a partner who is under the influence of drugs/alcohol Rape Characteristics of TDV
Why Does TDV Occur? Adolescents: Are inexperienced with dating relationships and, therefore, are in a learning process Have difficulty recognizing abusive behaviors, e.g., they are more likely to view jealous/controlling behavior as a sign of love
Why Does TDV Occur? Adolescents: Typically do not view dating violence as injurious to the relationship or a reason to dissolve the relationship Typically do not report dating violence to a parent or adult, which has implications for the longevity of the abuse
Factors that Influence TDV Attitudes Adolescents who believe that it is acceptable to use violence are more likely to perpetrate dating violence Peer Influence Adolescents who have friends in a violent dating relationship are more likely to both be perpetrators and victims of dating violence. *Note: peer influence has been found to be more predictive of dating violence than inter- parental violence.
Factors that Influence TDV Additional factors – community violence Adolescent boys and girls who experience community violence are more likely to be perpetrators of dating violence Adolescent girls who experience community violence are also more likely to be victims of dating violence
Factors that Influence TDV Additional factors – aggression Adolescents who are aggressive with their peers are more likely to be aggressive with their dating partner Adolescents who have previously used aggression with a dating partner are more likely to be using aggression currently
Factors that Influence TDV Additional factors – history of abuse Adolescent girls who have a past history of sexual abuse (including child sexual abuse) or prior sexual victimization are more likely to be victims of sexual violence in dating
Factors that Influence TDV Personality Characteristics Low self-esteem, sad and hopeless feelings and confrontational coping/poor communication strategies Problem Behavior Drug and alcohol use, early sexual activity, risky sexual behaviors, pregnancy and unhealthy weight control *Note that it is unknown whether relationship violence is a cause or a result of the above factors
Implications of TDV An individuals understanding of any type of relationship is largely based on their first experience of that relationship. Because teens are just forming their understanding of the dynamics of a dating relationship, teen dating violence sets a harmful precedent for subsequent romantic relationships. For this reason, it is critical for teens to learn the elements of healthy versus unhealthy dating relationships.
Victim Self-blame Sadness, anger, confusion, depressed feelings, anxiousness or fear Feelings of being threatened or humiliated Effects of Teen Dating Violence
Victim Feelings of being unable to talk to anyone about the abuse Helplessness to stop the abuse Protectiveness of partner Effects of Teen Dating Violence
Perpetrator The basis of TDV perpetration is unhealthy beliefs about self and others and an unhealthy concept of interpersonal relations Use of aggression in dating relationships persists over time if not corrected Effects of Teen Dating Violence
Teachers may see: Physical signs of injury Changes in appearance such as clothes or make-up Decreased grades, participation in class; truancy Changes in mood/personality, emotional outbursts Signs of Teen Dating Violence
Teachers may see: Decreased self-esteem/confidence, difficulty making decisions Signs of alcohol or drug use Social isolation Sexual risk-taking behavior/pregnancy Signs of Teen Dating Violence
Extent of Need Although both males and females can be victims of intimate partner violence, about 85% of victims are female. Females, ages 16 – 24, report the highest rates of relationship violence. 1 in 3 adolescent females and males report being involved in a violent dating relationship. *Preferable to use district-specific data obtained from county surveys/assessments. If none is available, use national statistics provided. [Delete this before presenting]
Extent of Need 50 to 80% of teens report knowing other teens who have experienced violent dating relationships. 15% of teenagers report having been hit, thrown down or attacked with a weapon by a dating partner. 25% of 8 th and 9 th graders report having been a victim of nonsexual dating violence; 8% a victim of sexual dating violence.
SHAPP Strategies to Prevent Teen Dating Violence (Enter districts plan to address teen dating violence.) - (Include policies against teen dating violence.) (Enter specific how-tos for staff to implement SHAPP plan) (Enter here and on following slide(s))
Evaluating Strategies to Prevent Teen Dating Violence (Enter districts plan to evaluate teen dating violence prevention plan) (Enter specific role of staff to evaluate the plan, include as many step-by-step how-tos as possible) (Enter here and on following slide(s))
Online Resources Dating and Violence Should Never Be a Couple: The National Center for Victims of Crime; Teen Victim Project: me The National Center for Victims of Crime; Dating Violence Resource Center: ngViolenceResourceCenter101
Online Resources Pennsylvania Coalition Against Rape - Teen PCAR: VaWnet* Teen Dating Violence – Information and Resources: kets/NRC_TDV.php VaWnet Teen Dating Violence Campaigns: AndEducation/Campaigns/TDVCampaigns.php Washington State Office of the Attorney General Teen Dating Violence – FAQ for Parents: *National Online Resource Center on Violence Against Women
References Bureau of Justice Statistics. Special Report Intimate Partner Violence and Age of Victim, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2001). Dating Violence, Alabama Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Dating Violence Facts, National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, Facts for Teens: Teen Dating Violence, National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center, Fact Sheet on Dating Violence, The National Center for Victims of Crime, nload.aspxnz?DocumentID=39512
References Fact Sheet on Intimate Partner and Family Violence, National Youth Violence Prevention Resource Center, Fact Sheet on Teen Dating Violence, Violence Prevention Program, Connecticut Childrens Medical Center, March Foshee, V.A., Lindner, G.F., Bauman, K.E., Langwick, S.A., Arriga, X.B., Health, J.L., McMahon, P.M., Bangdiwala, S. The Safe Dates Project: Theoretical Basis, Evaluation Design, and Selected Baseline Findings. Youth Violence Prevention: Description and baseline data from 13 evaluation projects (K.Powell, D. Hawkins, Eds.). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Supplement, 1996, 12(5), Retrieved February 27, 2006, from the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence Website:
References If you are a Victim of Teen Dating Violence, The National Center for Victims of Crime, OKeefe, M. (2005). Teen Dating Violence: A Review of Risk Factors and Prevention Efforts. National Resource Center on Domestic Violence: NRCDV Publications.
SHAPP Contact Information Main Contact:(Name) (Phone) ( ) Secondary Contact:(Name) (Phone) ( )