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Presidential Advisors and Executive Agencies Chapter 7, Section 4.

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Presentation on theme: "Presidential Advisors and Executive Agencies Chapter 7, Section 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presidential Advisors and Executive Agencies Chapter 7, Section 4

2 Organization of the Federal Branch Executive Office/White House Office People who work directly for the President (about 500) People who work directly for the President (about 500) of the Presidents closest advisors of the Presidents closest advisors Chief of Staff is most powerful advisor Chief of Staff is most powerful advisor Office of Management and Budget Prepares the federal budget Prepares the federal budget Oversees spending of hundreds of government agencies Oversees spending of hundreds of government agencies Director of OMB works closely with the President Director of OMB works closely with the President

3 Organization of the Federal Branch cont National Security Council Helps the President direct US military and foreign policy Helps the President direct US military and foreign policy Head is National Security Advisor Head is National Security Advisor Council of Economic Advisors Helps the President carry out the role of the economic leader Helps the President carry out the role of the economic leader Gives the President advice about complex economic matters (unemployment, inflation, taxes, etc.) Gives the President advice about complex economic matters (unemployment, inflation, taxes, etc.)

4 The Cabinet Cabinet Group of 15 presidential advisors that include the heads (Secretaries) of top level executive departments Group of 15 presidential advisors that include the heads (Secretaries) of top level executive departments Secretaries advise the President on issues related to their department Secretaries advise the President on issues related to their department They meet whenever the President calls them together They meet whenever the President calls them together Dept of Homeland Security is the newest cabinet position (added in Nov 2002) Dept of Homeland Security is the newest cabinet position (added in Nov 2002)

5 The Cabinet Dept of StatePlans and carries out the nations foreign policy Hillary Clinton Dept of Treasury Collects, borrows, spends, and prints money Timothy Giethner Dept of Defense Manages the militaryRobert Gates Dept of JusticeResponsible for all aspects of law enforcement Eric Holder Dept of InteriorManages and protects the nations public lands and natural resources Ken Salazar

6 The Cabinet Dept of AgricultureAssists farmers and consumers of products Tom Vilsack Dept of CommerceSupervises trade and promotes US business Gary Locke Dept of LaborDeals with working conditions and wages Hilda Solis Dept of Health & Human Services Works for the well being & health of Americans Kathleen Sebelius Dept of Housing & Urban Development Deals with special needs and problems of cities Shaun Donovan

7 The Cabinet Dept of TransportationManages nations highways, railroads, airlines, & sea traffic Ray LaHood Dept of EnergyDirects overall energy planSteven Chu Dept of EducationProvides advice and funding for schools Arne Duncan Dept of Veterans AffairsDirects services for armed force veterans Eric Shenseki Dept of Homeland Security Oversees Americas defenses against terrorist attacks Janet Napolitano

8 Federal Bureaucracy Federal Bureaucracy- agencies and employees of the executive branch Carry out programs created by Congress Administer day to day functions of the Executive Branch Regulate various activities (police, banks, airlines, etc.)

9 Federal Bureaucracy cont Independent Agencies- agencies of the Executive Branch that are NOT part of the cabinet Executive Agencies Independent and deal with certain specialized areas within government Independent and deal with certain specialized areas within government Ex. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ex. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

10 Federal Bureaucracy cont Government Corporations Private businesses owned and operated by the government and not private people Private businesses owned and operated by the government and not private people Ex. Postal Service (USPS) Ex. Postal Service (USPS) Regulatory Boards and Commissions Do no report to President, but instead to Congress Do no report to President, but instead to Congress Protect the public by making and enforce rules for industries or groups Protect the public by making and enforce rules for industries or groups Ex. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Ex. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

11 Government Workers Political Appointees- top leadership positions whom the President has chosen because they have proven executive ability (usually ends when the President leaves office) Civil Service Workers- permanent employment, based on competitive tests and merit They work within the Civil Service System They work within the Civil Service System

12 Spoils System Became very popular under Andrew Jackson Government jobs went to people as a reward for their political support New Presidents fired most workers and replaced them with their own Ex. Jackson put Martin Van Buren as Sec. of State and then VP because he was Jacksons campaign manager and helped Jackson win the election Ex. Jackson made Roger Taney Supreme Court Chief Justice because he helped Jackson remove all of the money from the national bank because Jackson opposed it

13 Merit System Came about during Progressive Era with the Pendleton Act Known as Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 Now jobs within the Civil Service System are awarded based on merit and examinations Sets standards for federal jobs


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