We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byJeff Edmond
Modified over 2 years ago
PhD Seminar Hints on Writing (A) Rules for Quality Writing With thanks to Robert Geist Jeff Offutt http://www.cs.gmu.edu/~offutt/
© Jeff Offutt2 General Hints A paper should have 3 parts: 1.Tell em what youre gonna say. 2.Say it. 3.Tell em what you said. If you make a mistake, it should be on something you dont know Outline at the detailed design level
© Jeff Offutt3 General Hints Tense in experimental papers is hard! –End of paper is future (in summary, we will …) –Study is in the past (the programs were written …) –Conclusions in the present (my ideas are great!) MS Word : Turn off the annoying hyperlinkshyperlinks Dont depend on color Edit the last version before submitting Edit, edit, edit …
Structure and Motivation Structure your paper for the reader Motivation is hard but essential –Why did you make choices ? –Why did you do this research ? –Why should I read your paper ? –Why does section 3 follow section 2 ? What problem did you work on ? –Did you solve the problem ? Dont skip stepsthe reasoning must flow from A to B to C … © Jeff Offutt4
Writing Rules Nuts and bolts of writing In English
© Jeff Offutt6 Rule 1 My first trip to Skövde shall always be remembered by me. I will always remember my first trip to Skövde. There were a great number of dead leaves lying on the ground. Dead leaves covered the ground. It was not long before he was very sorry that he had said what he had. He soon repented his words. Use active voice
© Jeff Offutt7 Rule 2 He was not very often on time. He usually came late. The Taming Of The Shrew is rather weak in spots. Shakespeare does not portray Katharine as a very admirable character, nor does Bianca remain long in memory as an important character in Shakespeares works. The women in The Taming Of The Shrew are unattractive. Katharine is disagreeable, Bianca insignificant. Use the positive form
© Jeff Offutt8 Rule 3 A period of unfavorable weather set in. It rained every day for a week. He showed satisfaction as he took possession of his well- earned reward. He grinned as he pocketed the coin. Use definite, specific, concrete language
© Jeff Offutt9 Rule 4 He is a man who … He … This is a subject that … This subject … I was stung so many times that I couldn't think straight. I was stung senseless. We say this in order to be more concise. Omit needless words
© Jeff Offutt10 Rule 5 He noticed a large stain in the rug that was right in the center of the rug. Commuter tax on New Yorkers killed in New Jersey. Squad helps dog bite victim. Keep related words together
© Jeff Offutt11 Rule 6 This steel is principally used for making razors, because of its hardness. Because of its hardness, this steel is principally used in making razors. Place emphatic words of a sentence at the end
© Jeff Offutt12 Rule 7 Formerly, science was taught by the textbook method, while now the laboratory method is employed. Formerly, science was taught by the textbook method; now it is taught by the laboratory method. Express coordinate ideas in similar form
© Jeff Offutt13 Rule 8 Ich Bin Ein Berliner. Come alive with the Pepsi generation! –China: Pepsi will bring your ancestors back from the dead! Hotel Signs: –Japan: You are invited to take advantage of the chambermaid. –Bucharest: The lift is being fixed for the next day. During that time we regret that you will be unbearable. –Mexico: The manager has personally passed all the water served here. –Bangkok (cleaners): Drop your trousers here for best results. Take care not to get lost in translation
© Jeff Offutt14 Which Hunting Van Leunen, A Handbook for Scholars, pg 135 US English : Use that for restrictive clauses,which for non-restrictive British : They are interchangeable Non-restrictive clauses are set off by commas Restrictive clauses are essentialremoving them changes the meaning of the sentence
Summary Good writing is hard work –But it does not require the intellectual abilities that you needed to get this far in your studies Good writing requires skills –Anyone can learn most writing skills Good writing requires practice –I am a native English speaker and I have been writing professionally for more than 25 years –I am still learning © Jeff Offutt15 Never stop learning
Elements of Style Chapter 2: Elementary Principles of Composition English 11 Honors Mr. Ambrose.
PhD Seminar Hints on Writing With thanks to Robert Geist Jeff Offutt
PhD Seminar Hints on Writing With thanks to Robert Geist Jeff Offutt©
PhD Seminar Hints on Writing (D) Rule 1: Edit Rule 2: Edit Rule 3: Edit Jeff Offutt
Elementary Principles of Composition Examples taken from The Elements of Style William Strunk Jr. and E.B. White Prepared by David Ambrose, 2009 For use.
Of 23 Leadership Rules SWE 301 / 401 Internship Preparation & Reflection Jeff Offutt
Passive Voice vs. Active Voice Passive voice places the subject after the thing being acted upon. The ball was thrown by him. Change to: He threw.
English 111 May 9, 2014 Editing: Making Your Writing Concise & Vivid.
Tips to Improve Your Writing So people (including me) will take you seriously With info and examples from The Elements of Style [4 th ed.] by William Strunk.
Week Seven Positive Forms (A Continuation of Active Writing) (from Strunk and White’s Elements of Style)
Week Five Active vs. Passive Voice (from Strunk and White’s Elements of Style)
ELEMENTARY PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION The Elements of Style William Strunk, Jr.. (1869–1946).
PhD Seminar Choosing an Advisor Jeff Offutt
ELEMENTS OF STYLE, PART 2 PRINCIPLES OF COMPOSITION.
Of 51 How to Get Your Paper Rejected PhD Symposium ICST 2014 Jeff Offutt
Stylistic tips Or how to make your writing more sophisticated.
Writing an English paper. Writing an English Paper What is an English paper? An English paper is an essay. As such, it shares many characteristics with.
Reported Speech Verbs SAY and TELL. Verb SAY (past simple and past participle said) is used to: to indicate who speaks the words quoted between inverted.
Week 2 English Welcome. Work on Vocabulary AND Dictionary Skills Monday.
Powerful Proofreading Developed By Elisa P. Paramore Student Support Services Counselor.
Bring Your Essay: Rewording and Rewriting An English/Reading Workshop Troy University Troy, Alabama.
Our Need for Contentment March 6. Admit it, now …. When have you recently had too much of a good thing? We are too soon full and too late satisfied (if.
English Composition Jonathan Watts. Welcome back to class! I hope you had a wonderful weekend! Today we will talk about Essay Development –Pg
Week Six Grouping Related Words (from Strunk and White’s Elements of Style)
Writing Workshop Constructing your College Essay
Chapter Section A: Verb Basics Section B: Pronoun Basics Section C: Parallel Structure Section D: Using Modifiers Effectively The Writer’s Handbook: Grammar.
The Abridged Elements of Style Gerald B. Moulds (Taken from The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. and E.B. White)
Incentives for Charity. Vague language/examples=weak writing Compare: Sometimes when things are offered for incentives, some people will donate.
Reported Speech “He said what??!!”. Two types of speech Direct speech ( דיבור ישיר ) Indirect speech ( דיבור עקיף )
Welcome to English Composition. Today’s Class Reading review Grammar Exercise Toefl Essay Structures Reading preview Homework.
GRAMMAR: RUN-ON SENTENCES AND MORE. Run On Sentences This chapter starts on p. 125 of your Pathways textbook. A RUN-ON occurs when two (or more) independent.
Your ISU Thesis and Outline. Different Ways of Reading » You could “read” both novels with a literary theory. » For example… » Marxist » Psychological.
ACADEMIC WRITING I May 8 th Today Continue business writing (writing a business letter) Information for Paper 4.
English Writing 101 Chapter 2. Paragraph Errors Format: Where does your name, student ID #, class name, and name of the assignment go? Is it handwritten.
High Frequency Words. a about above add after.
“As is our confidence, so is our capacity
Welcome to 5 th Grade Mrs. Rydzel’s Class. About Our Class: I strongly believe that parents and teachers working together will give each student the best.
Comma, comma, comma, comma, comma chameleon Comma workshop, 29 April 2015.
Irony Verbal, Situational, and Dramatic. Irony A contradiction between what happens and what you expect to happen Examples: A fireman afraid of.
The present perfect tense The present continuous tense The past perfect tense The past continuous tense The past simple tense The present perfect continuous.
Jeopardy $100 Adverbs Adverb Clauses Adverb Adverbial Phrases ConnectorsConditionals $200 $300 $400 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $500.
SHALL has some interesting characteristics! It is often used in the first person where it replaces will Eg. « I shall set out tomorrow morning » « I will.
First 150 Words from the Fry List. the of and a.
Final paper guidelines The paper. 2 Nuts and bolts n A critical reading the scientific literature. n 2,000 word critical literature review – summarizing.
Sentences, Phrases, and Clauses
Unit 13: Relative Pronouns
How to Present your Work
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.