2Inspirational thought for the day: “A man is a success if he gets up in the morning and goes to bed at night, and in between does what he wants to do.”
3Learning Motivation (Why?) Becoming aware of the history of cosmetology will help us understand current trends and plan for success in the future. We must also understand what our own goals and objectives are in the field of cosmetology before we can put into place a plan of action for success.
4What is a cosmetologist? Divide into groups and brainstorm about all the qualities and skills you believe are required of a cosmetologist and what you have observed during your own visits to a salon.
5A cosmetologist is… Advice giver Professional expert in practical skills areasArtisticDesignerCreatorTrustworthyBusinessperson
6A cosmetologist is…Self-promoterPoised and well-groomedEffective communicatorBeing current with trends and technologies
8Could this person be a professional cosmetologist?
9Which one would you want to give you a “make-over”?
10Reaching Your GoalsYOU are responsible for your own learning. There are some “rules” you can follow to ensure your success from the very beginning of your enrollment.
11Be prepared. (have all necessary materials ready) Listen attentively. Rules For SuccessAttend all classes.Arrive for class early.Be prepared. (have all necessary materials ready)Listen attentively.
12Rules for success cont.Highlight important points.Take notes (they will help you review later)Take advantage of review sessions (Pay close attention when the teacher summarizes).Ask questions (When something is not clear, ask, ask, ask until it is).
13Rules for success cont.Seek further education (never stop learning… it is lifelong. Read industry magazines; remain abreast of changes in the industry).Like what you do (To enjoy the most out of your career, you should enjoy it to the fullest and not view it as drudgery. The field of cosmetology offers so much variety; make it fun, be committed to your success.
14As we learn more about this new chosen profession, our goals will change and grow as will our action plan. Let’s take a look where this great industry began and what the future holds for you in your new career.
15Early HistoryThe field of cosmetology is recognized as one of the oldest professions in the world.
16Cosmetology / Barbering Derived from the Greek word “kosmetikos” which means “skilled in the use of cosmetics.” The term “barber” is derived from the Latin word “barba” which means “the beard” or “the hair of the beard.”
17Archeological Studies Reveal that haircutting and hairstyling were practiced as early as the glacial age.
18Sharpened flints Oyster shells Bone Animal sinew Strips of hide ImplementsSharpened flintsOyster shellsBoneAnimal sinewStrips of hide
19Ancient Written Records Indicate that barbers serviced the priesthood and nobility in Egypt over 6000 years ago. They were the first we know of to use cosmetics for beautification, religious ceremonies, and preparation of the deceased for burial.
20HaircoloringColor was made from berries, tree bark, minerals, insects, nuts, herbs, leaves and other materials. The color was used on the hair, skin and nails. We believe Henna was first used as hair dye in 1500B.C. Egyptian tombs reveal combs, brushes, mirrors, cosmetics and razors made of tempered bronze and copper.
21Haircoloring cont.Egyptian and Roman women temporarily waved their hair by applying a mixture of soil and water (mud) to the hair and wrapping it around crudely made wooden rollers to bake in the sun.
22Greece – 500 B.C.Hairstyling became a highly developed art.
23Rome – 296 B.C. Noblewomen: red hair Middle-class: blonde hair Hairstyling introduced; women used hair color to indicate class in society as follows:Noblewomen: red hairMiddle-class: blonde hairPoor women: black hair
24Barbering And Medicine In medieval times, cosmetology and medicine were taught as combined subjects in English universities. When Pope Alexander III forbad clergy to shed blood, barbers assisted monks and priest during surgery.
25Barbering And Medicine Bloodletting and surgeryAdministered herbsPulled teeth – For more than a thousand years barbers were know as barber-surgeons.
26Results from the bloodletting procedure. The Barber PoleResults from the bloodletting procedure.
27Pole = the staffPatients held a staff tightly in order for the veins in the arm to stand out.
28Bottom = BasinBasin was the vessel that caught the blood.
29White bandages = stop blood The bandages used to stop the bleeding were hung on the staff to dry. The stained bandages would twist around the pole forming the red/white candy-cane pattern. Another interpretation is that the red represented the blood, blue the veins, and white the bandages. Barbers still use the symbol today.
30Fourteenth CenturyMarked the transition in Western civilization from medieval times to modern history.
31RenaissanceEmphasis was placed on physical appearance; hair was carefully dressed and ornaments and headdresses were worn.
321450Law passed that separated barbering and surgery except for dentistry.
331541Henry VIII reunited barbers and surgeons of London. It was short-lived because bloodletting became obsolete.
34Late 1700sLaw passed officially separating barbers from surgeons; hairstyling emerged as an independent profession.
35Nineteenth CenturyAn era marked by research and innovation; many changes in hair care.
361875Frenchman, Marcel Grateau, developing hot irons for waving and curling hair. Evolved into what we know today as marcel waving.
371892Frenchman, Alexandre F. Godefroy, invented a hot-blast hair dryer.
381890First hairdressing academy opening in Chicago by Frenchmen, Brisbois and Federmeyer.
39Twentieth CenturyBefore the 20th century, hairstyling was typically limited to the upper class for social status, religious believes, political status, military rank, and simply fashion. Beginning in the 20th century, hairstyling began to follow trends and soon became available to all classes of people.
40Madam C.J. Walker Daughter of former slaves Began as washerwoman – earned $4 to $ 12 weekly as an uneducated washerwoman.Born Sarah Breedlove in 1867 – she was orphaned at age seven, married by 14, mother at 17, widowed by age 20.
41Madam C.J. Walker cont.Began losing hair in 1890s – Which caused her to experiment with store bought products and homemade remedies.1906 married C.J. Walker –Began selling a scalp conditioning and healing formula called “Madam Walker’s Wonderful Hair Grower.” Sold the product door to door.1910 – Moved her company to Indianapolis; built a factory, hair salon and training school.
42Madam C.J. Walker cont.Devoted time to causes – such as NAACP and the YMCA in Indianapolis.1917 – Organized a convention for Madam C.J. Walker Hair Culturists Union of America. It was one of the first national meetings for businesswomen ever held.1998 – U.S. Postal Service issued the Madam C.J. Walker commemorative stamp, the 21st in the Black Heritage Series.
43History of Permanent Waving 1905- Electric MachineCharles Nessler invented the electric perm machine that supplied electrical current to metal rods that the hair was wrapped around. They were heated during the waving process; kept away from the scalp by a complex system of counterbalancing weights suspended from an overhead apparatus.
44Electric MachineCharles Nessler using his electric machine to produce a Nessler waved hairstyle.
45Spiral wrappingLong hair was wrapped from scalp to ends.
46Croquignole wrappingAfter WWI, women cut their hair and this method used an implement which wound the shorter hair from the ends to the scalp.
471931- Preheat MethodPreheat method was developed where hair was wrapped croquignole style and then preheated clamps were clamped around the rods.
481932- Machineless PermRalph L. Evans and Everett G. McDonough developed a heat method using a chemical reaction. Small chemical pads using a chemical mixture were wound around hair strands. When pads were moistened with water, a chemical heat was released that created long-lasting curls.
491941- Waving LotionCalled the cold wave because no heat was used. This procedure virtually replaced all former methods. Cold waving and permanent waving became synonymous. Also called “texture service” today.
50After 1950In latter half of 20th century, the industry experienced unrivaled growth and expansion. Advancements in technology and innovative techniques in haircutting, chemical services, esthetics, and nail extensions have broadened the industry extensively.
51TodayHow are you affected by all this growth? All the new services and skills have transformed and expanded the role of cosmetologists, requiring us to know more than ever before and making continuing education or lifelong learning a necessity!
52Career OpportunitiesWork in pairs and share with each other what position you want to hold when you graduate and why.Write it down on paper to turn in.Do any of you have a career goal different than anything discussed?
53Salon Stylist - DutiesPerform all services offeredReception desk duties – includes meeting and greeting clients; answering phone; making appointment; calling clients to remind them of appointments; selling retail, etc.
54Salon Stylist – Duties cont. Retaining practical skillsBuilding clienteleUpdating client record cardsReferrals to other specialistsGood customer relationsGood communication skillsSanitationDependability
55Haircolor SpecialistSelects and formulates color- and processes it to enhance client’s hair. Options as a haircolor specialists include:Color trainerWorking for a color manufacturerPlatform artist demonstrating haircolor skills and productsWorking as a color correction specialist
57Texture Service Specialist Adding and removing curlThis is one of the most effective ways to give the client the look they really desire. Options in this area include working in product research and development as well as a platform artist demonstrating skills and products.
58Wig or Extension Specialist Create dramatic or subtle changes for clientsBraidingWeavingBondingGluingSewingAssisting cancer patientsAssisting men with hair loss
59Good communications and flare for selling required. Retail SpecialistGood communications and flare for selling required.
60Retail SpecialistHandling and selling products – All professionals in our industry are called upon to sell products.Handling merchandise/inventoryRepresenting manufacturers
61Skin Care Specialist / Esthetician Help perfect the look and health of skinWork in spaGive demonstrationsConsult – For a cosmetic or skin care companyRetail
62Makeup Artist Apply cosmetics Image consultant In salon or independently – If you freelance, you can create your own schedule.Television or moviesTheater productionSell retail
63Nail Technician One of fastest-growing areas of the profession. Manicures and pedicuresNail extensionsNail artretail
64Day Spa This provides the “one-stop-shopping” opportunity for clients. Offer full salon services – Hair, skin, nails, body massage and wraps, hydrotherapy, etc.
65Day Spa cont.Specialize in select servicesHealth and beauty of the skin and bodyRetailTeamwork a must
66Salon Manager Supervise employees Leadership skills needed Trainer, counselor, coachPersonnel developmentPurchasing, advertising, budgetingCommunication and people skillsMay also perform services
67Salon OwnerThis role will require you to do everything a salon manager does plus be responsible for the bottom line of the establishment and also handle payroll, taxes, accounts payable, etc.
68Product EducatorGood if you like travel, meeting people and sharing knowledge.
69Product Educator cont.Good communication skillsGood people skillsDynamic imageGood public speakerProduct knowledgeProduct demonstrations
71Research and experimentation For cosmetic manufacturer Cosmetic Chemist cont.Research and experimentationFor cosmetic manufacturerConsult for several companies
72Session HairstylistDoes hair and makeup for models being photographed for magazines and books. You may work freelance or for a specific magazine.Excellent styling and makeup skills required.
73Stylist for movies, theater skills in all services required Weekly TV showsSpecific networkTheater groupsMovie production firmsFreelance
74Styles or Artistic Director You will work with videographers, fashion magazines, publishers, product manufacturers, and education companies.
75Styles or Artistic Director Must meet deadlinesWork with a budgetManage peopleHave artistic and creative abilityCan forecast trends
76Design Team MemberYou will work with a stylist director to create presentations for fashion shows, runway work, convention luncheons, gala banquets or hair shows. They may include themes ranging from weddings to futuristic scenes or periods in history
77Platform ArtistYou will need to enjoy travel, performing for people, being on stage, and sharing your knowledge. You will probably work out of a salon during the week and travel to events on the weekends.
78Excellent salon skills Good communication skills Good stage presence Platform Artist cont.Excellent salon skillsGood communication skillsGood stage presence
79Competition ChampionIf challenge and competition appeal to you, you may want to compete for prizes and prestige in the various cosmetology local, state, national and world championships.
80Competition Champion cont. Dedication, self-disciplineGood work habitsExcellent skills
81EducatorMust have patience, good communication and people skills, as well as energy. Additional training may be required.
83Writer/AuthorYour background and other writing skills may afford you the opportunity to write articles, books, brochures, columns, textbooks, and even video script. You may work for a publishing company or freelance. You may review books or serve as a technical consultant for a publishing company. Additional training may be required.
84State Board MemberThis is a great way to serve the industry and contribute positively to its growth and improvement.