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HAIRSTYLES F R O M C U L T U R E T O F A S H I O N S T A T E M E N T.

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Presentation on theme: "HAIRSTYLES F R O M C U L T U R E T O F A S H I O N S T A T E M E N T."— Presentation transcript:

1 HAIRSTYLES F R O M C U L T U R E T O F A S H I O N S T A T E M E N T

2 What’s hairdressing? It’s the art of arranging hair

3 Hairstyles along history: social and cultural significance It’s been a signifier of: Class Gender Ethnicity Authority and Power

4 General Overview 1 Necessity to cut or confine the hair to keep it out of the way 2 Personal adornment

5 3 Status and Age - Primitive men: fastened bones, feathers and other objects. Why ? Impress and Frighten Enemy - Noble Rank: long hair. - Noble Rank after the conquest: short hair

6 - Boys in ancient Greece cut their hair - Hindu boys shaved their heads when they reached adolescence

7 4 - the shaved heads of Christian and Buddhist monks: renunciation of the world; Religious Significance - England in the 17 th century: cropped hair and long curling locks

8 5 Last changes in hairstyles - Influence of fashion * Changes through the years * Class * Today: women and men in all classes can choose the style and colour of their own hair, or of a wig I (always, normally) like to keep my hair short/long I like to put my hair into a pony tail/twist/pig tails (often, sometimes) I like it curly/straight/with-without gel I like my hair to look spiky/soft/unkempt

9 History of Hair From 3000BC to Present Day

10 Egypt Noblemen and women: hair clipped close to the head Curly black wigs donned for ceremonial occasions (women’s wigs were often long and braided, adorned with gold ornaments) Men’s faces: shaved

11 Greece Women’s hair: long and pulled back into a chignon (bun). May dyed their hair red with henna and sprinkled it with gold powder, often adorning it with fresh flowers or jewelled tiara’s. Men’s hair: short and sometimes shaved.

12 Rome Like Greek styles: -Upper classes: use of curling irons and gold power. Women often dyed their hair blonde or wore wigs made from hair of captive civilization slaves. -Later: more ornate hairstyles with hair curled tight and piled high on the head. Hairdressing: more popular slaves attended upper classes public barber shops visits

13 The East Hair hidden in public: -Men: turban or fez -Women’s hair: veil -Men and women: local public baths

14 China Unmarried Chinese girls: long hair Women: hair combed and tied up into a knot at the nape. Men: front of head shaved back of head with long and braided hair, tied with black silk

15 Japan Males: front of the head shaved back of head with hair pulled tightly into a short stiff ponytail. Women: -Medieval period: long and loose -17th century: more styled Swept up from the nape of the neck and adorned with pins and jewelled combs. Geisha

16 Africa Many tribes, so many hairstyles Easters Tribes: desert Western Tribes: tropical rainforest African Masai Mangbetu Mursi tribes

17 America Native American Indians from: –East Coast –Great Plains –Central America, Mexico (Aztec) –Central America, southern Mexico (Maya) –Further South (Incas)

18 The Western World

19 15th Century (Renaissance period) Upper class ladies

20 16th Century Queen Elizabeth: set the trends. –white face powder and red wigs.

21 18th Century Elaborated wigs, mile-high coiffures and highly decorated curls. White powdered wigs with long ringlets. Big hair

22 Victorians Puritanical line Hair

23 1920 Women: more free more independent. Theatre and Cinema Emergence of short, bobbed and waved styles Men’s hair remained short, but using brilliantine and highly perfumed oils.

24 1980 The “Age of Excess”: more freedom of choice in styles and trends. A good hairdresser was an essential part of this woman’s life. This woman’s hairstyle reflected ‘control’, a busy work life

25 Modern Hairdressing Procedure

26 What does this show us? Different people throughout the world have different ideas of what beauty is One is not necessarily better than the other Your hairstyle is not the only way to look great TREAT EVERYONE EQUALLY AND APPRECIATE DIFFERENCES! Images taken from


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