Presentation on theme: "At the time of Yeh-Shen. It is time for this heroines Asian identity to be recognized and the evocative story motifs understood in their Asian contexts."— Presentation transcript:
At the time of Yeh-Shen
It is time for this heroines Asian identity to be recognized and the evocative story motifs understood in their Asian contexts (Beauchamp 1) What was the culture of Yeh-Shen, also known as Yexian?
Chin and Han dynasties: 221 B.C.E.-220 C.E. Saw the end of feudalism and the development of the imperial system Focused on the practice of rites and ceremonies for the spirits First Cinderella story written down in 950 A.D. but set during this time period
Children were sometimes used as slaves Polygamy was practiced among the Zhuang [ancient Chinese people] in the late Tang Dynasty, and children were supposed to be treated equally (Beauchamp 14). Women enjoyed high status because of their ability to weave. Freedom came with this status; they could pick their own husband!
According to Beauchamp, Yexians father was a leader to his group, the family appears marginalized economically, and Yexians menial work seems a harsh extension of a childs workload and then, the story rewards Yexian by making her the first wife of a king, but it seems ambivalent about the founding of a divinely sanctioned royal line, and it does not value hierarchy, obedience, and duty (472).
Tuohan was an island country that sent embassies to Tang China in 645 and 648 (Jameson 1932:77-78). The island could be modern day Sumatra. Map image source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/LocationSumatra.svg/800px- LocationSumatra.svg.pnghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2e/LocationSumatra.svg/800px- LocationSumatra.svg.png Note how far it is from mainland China!
Fish have long been symbols of abundance and wealth in the Chinese culture The fish in the story is believed to be a red carp with golden eyes.
In a specific area of China, there are literally thousands of caves! inscriptions in the caves date from the Tang Dynasty (Beauchamp 456). Some scholars believe that cave in Chinese could simply mean a sheltered location (456).
Many of the Chinese subcultures had festivals where young men and women would mingle to find their mates…
Some researchers believe this being symbolizes ancestor worship He could also represent either the dead father or the dead mother His long hair? Symbol of a WITCH! (Beauchamp 456) Can also be seen as a guardian figure
Chinese pavilions are covered structures without surrounding walls and are a traditional part of Chinese architecture (http://en.wikipedia.o rg/wiki/Chinese_pavili on).http://en.wikipedia.o rg/wiki/Chinese_pavili on Central watchtower, architectural model, Eastern Han dynasty (25–220), 1st–early 3rd century China Source; http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works- of-art/1984.397http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works- of-art/1984.397
Foot binding was seen as a sign of beauty and attractiveness (Mao). also a symbol of identity and virtue (Mao). Small feet were considered beautiful. Source: http://www.ispub.com/journal/the-internet-journal-of-biological- anthropology/volume-1-number-2/foot-binding-beauty-and-torture.htmlhttp://www.ispub.com/journal/the-internet-journal-of-biological- anthropology/volume-1-number-2/foot-binding-beauty-and-torture.html
Kingfishers are native to watery Southwest China, including the Nanning area, and to Southeast Asia, where they were hunted in Cambodia to supply a Chinese market with feathers for jewelry (Beauchamp 457). Photo source: World Book Encyclopedia
How can a shoe with soles of solid gold enable her to walk lighter than air? The answer: TRANSLATION ISSUES! The shoes were most likely embroidered with gold colored silk threads on the soles and heels.
Questions to think about: How big of a role does the culture play in this story? How could the story change for other cultures based on your understanding of cultural elements?
Animal Symbolism - Chinese Customs: www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/Chinese.../animals_symbolism.htm www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/Chinese.../animals_symbolism.htm Beauchamp, Fay. "Asian Origins of Cinderella:The Zhuang Storyteller of Guangxi." Oral Tradition 25.2 (2010): 447-96. www.journal.oraltradition.org. Web. http://journal.oraltradition.org/files/articles/25ii/10_25.2.pdf.http://journal.oraltradition.org/files/articles/25ii/10_25.2.pdf Bolen, Eric G. "Kingfisher." World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 19 July 2012. From Classic to Tradition: Chin and Han Dynasties: http://www.npm.gov.tw/exh95/chinhan/brief_en.html http://www.npm.gov.tw/exh95/chinhan/brief_en.html Mao, J. Foot Binding: Beauty And Torture. The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology. 2008 Volume 1 Number 2. DOI: 10.5580/11bb