2Who Said It?“If you want your children to be intelligent, read them fairy tales. If you want them to be more intelligent, read them more fairy tales.When I examine myself and my methods of thought, I come to the conclusion that the gift of fantasy has meant more to me than any talent for abstract, positive thinking.”~ AlbertEinstein
3What are fairy tales?To many the word fairytale may conjure up images such as Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood, The Three Little Pigs, and others.However, fairytales were not always for children.
4What are fairy tales?Back when these stories were first told around campfires, in taverns, and in some medieval villages, there were very few kids present.The parables were often violent in nature and served as a source of entertainment for peasants after a long day’s work.
5What are fairy tales?As their popularity spread, fairy tales came to have a major influence on children’s literature.They have also become a heavy influence in movies, sitcoms, and advertisements as they are so popular and widely known.
6DefinitionA fairy tale is a type of short narrative that typically features folkloric characters, such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, dwarves, giants or gnomes, and usually magic or enchantments.However, only a small number of the stories refer to fairies.
7Definition Fairy tales are part of the oral tradition of literature. They are old stories that tell of man’s problems, fears, and hopes.What makes a fairy tale different from folklore, fables, and tall tales is its use of fantasy and magic.
8Often fairy tales involve ordinary people who have experiences of a supernatural kind and are affected by charms, disguises, spells, or other fantastic occurrences.In The Sleeping Beauty, a princess is shut up by enchantment in a castle and sleeps for 100 years; the thick wood that grows up around the castle is penetrated by a prince who awakens the princess with a kiss.
9Origins Most modern versions of fairy tales come from three sources: The Grimm Brothers from GermanyHans Christian Anderson from DenmarkFrenchman Charles Perrault, the collector of the "Mother Goose" tales.
10Although these authors lived long ago and far away... Andersen--DenmarkPerrault--FranceUs--United StatesGrimm Brothers--Germany...the appeal and popularity of the tales, continue to entertain us and we live happily ever after.
11Elements of a Fairy Tale Does NOT need to include fairies.Set in the past—usually significantly long ago.Include magic, fantasy, supernatural, or make-believe aspects.May contain characters such as fairies, witches, elves, pixies, magicians, fairy godparents, etc.Good characters vs. evil characters.6. May include objects, people, or events in threes.7. Focus the plot on a problem or conflict that needs to be solved.8. Modern versions often have happy endings9. Usually teach a lesson or demonstrate values important to the culture.
12Popular Fairy Tales Sleeping Beauty Cinderella Rapunzel Jack and the BeanstalkSnow WhiteBeauty and the BeastThe Frog PrinceRed Riding HoodHansel and GretelRumpelstiltskinSnow QueenThumbelinaThe Emperor’s New ClothesAladdin and the Wonderful Lamp
13Fractured Fairy TalesWhen authors modernize or change one or more of the elements of the story, the story is called a fractured fairy tale.
14AssignmentUse familiar characters, plots, and settings from traditional fairy tales to create “fractured” versions.
15Change the… Setting Characters Point of View Time Period Magic ElementsYou could have characters from different stories meet.
16Criteria Must be in true fairy tale form You may alter the storyline You may add an unexpected twistYou may create a contemporary(modern) versionAll elements of a story must be presentAs always it must be school appropriate
17Steps Select a fairy tale. Read the original version. Identify elements of a story within. Map these out on work sheet.Brainstorm your ideas for the new story.Create your fractured fairy tale.Use computer for final copy.
18Generate IdeasLet’s look at some fractured fairy tales present in advertisements, sitcoms, songs, and movies to get your brain in creative thinking mode!Write down any ideas that come into your mind as you watch and listen.