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Presentation on theme: "Folktales."— Presentation transcript:

1 Folktales

2 Learn About Folktales Where do folktales come from?
Elements found in folktales Types of folktales Popular folktales

3 Where do folktales come from?
Most traditional folktales are very old. They are stories which were passed down to new generations by storytellers. Later they were written down. Each tale may have many versions. Folktales are told all over the world. Often folktales teach lessons. Fables and fairy tales are types of folktales.

4 Elements found in Folktales
May use the phrase “Once upon a time" May use the number three in the story ... number of characters, events, wishes, etc. Has good and bad characters Uses repetition of phrases or responses, ex: “Little pig, little pig, let me in,” from “The Three Little Pigs.” Involves common people and/or animals Main characters have a problem to solve Has a happy ending. Problem is solved.

5 Types of Folktales Trickster tales Fables Why “Porquoi” stories

6 Trickster Tales One character is clever and very tricky
Trickster causes problems for another character He/she usually gets away with the trick Different cultures have specific tricksters- Example: Anansi the Spider in Ashanti tales.

7 Tricksters from Different Cultures

8 Fables Short stories Teach a lesson
Animal characters with human characteristics Stress themes such as: the value of cooperation, looking at problems from different viewpoints, rewards if lesson is learned Lessons may not be stated directly Listener must find their own lesson in the tale

9 “Porquoi” Stories Explain why something is as it is
Explain how things came to be Example: Australian Aboriginal dreamtime stories

10 Fairytales Include good and bad characters A hero or heroine
Magic or fantasy Includes predictable beginnings and endings “Once upon a time” “Happily ever after” Problem which is usually overcome through kindness, courage, intelligence

11 Some familiar folktales
Could you retell some of these stories? How do you know they are folktales? The Three Little Pigs Cinderella Tortoise and the Hare Jack and the Beanstalk Little Red Riding Hood Goldilocks and the Three Bears Rumplestiltskin

12 Assignment Write your own folktale picture book!
1. Pick a partner, or choose to work by yourself. 2. Pick a topic that you want to investigate in your folktale. Look at the sheet that explains the elements of folktales for ideas. 3. Create a characters and a plot line for your folktale. Decide what your theme will be for your story. 4. Draft your story. 5. Draw pictures for your story. Your story should have between 8 and 10 pages with illustrations. 6. Put the pictures and story together to create a neat picture book. 7. You will be graded on content, story development, and quality of work. Your book will be worth 50 points and is due next Tuesday.

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