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August 2008 Pesticide Applicators Training GENERAL SAFETY: Core Manual Review Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office July, 2002.

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Presentation on theme: "August 2008 Pesticide Applicators Training GENERAL SAFETY: Core Manual Review Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office July, 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 August 2008 Pesticide Applicators Training GENERAL SAFETY: Core Manual Review Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office July, 2002

2 August 2008

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4 Govt. Agencies 10 points Federal Department that administers OSHAFederal Department that administers OSHA U.S. Department of LaborU.S. Department of Labor

5 August 2008 Govt. Agencies 20 points Virginias state pesticide regulatory agencyVirginias state pesticide regulatory agency Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service (VDACS)Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service (VDACS)

6 August 2008 Govt. Agencies 30 points Federal agency that oversees pesticide registration, licensing, and applicationFederal agency that oversees pesticide registration, licensing, and application Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

7 August 2008 Govt. Agencies 40 points NIOSHNIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety & HealthNational Institute for Occupational Safety & Health

8 August 2008 Govt. Agencies 50 points Enforces Endangered Species ActEnforces Endangered Species Act US Fish & WildlifeUS Fish & Wildlife

9 August 2008

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11 Ground Water 10 points First factor to consider before taking special steps to protect ground water and endangered speciesFirst factor to consider before taking special steps to protect ground water and endangered species LOCATION!LOCATION!

12 August 2008 Ground Water 20 points Name 2 sources of water that can cause pesticides to move off targetName 2 sources of water that can cause pesticides to move off target RAIN WATERRAIN WATER IRRIGATION WATERIRRIGATION WATER

13 August 2008 Ground Water 30 points Name 3 chemical characteristics that influence ground water contaminationName 3 chemical characteristics that influence ground water contamination SOLUBILITY (in water)SOLUBILITY (in water) ADSORPTION (to soil particles)ADSORPTION (to soil particles) PERSISTENCE (breakdown of the chemical)PERSISTENCE (breakdown of the chemical)

14 August 2008 Ground Water 40 points List 3 soil characteristics affecting pesticide movement into ground water suppliesList 3 soil characteristics affecting pesticide movement into ground water supplies TEXTURE (sand, silt, clay)TEXTURE (sand, silt, clay) PERMEABILITY (H 2 O movement)PERMEABILITY (H 2 O movement) ORGANIC MATTER (carbon content)ORGANIC MATTER (carbon content)

15 August 2008 Ground Water 50 points Name 4 ways pesticides can harm endangered speciesName 4 ways pesticides can harm endangered species DIRECT KILLDIRECT KILL CONTAMINATE FOOD OR SHELTERCONTAMINATE FOOD OR SHELTER CONTAMINATE WATER SOURCECONTAMINATE WATER SOURCE ACCUMULATION IN FOOD CHAINACCUMULATION IN FOOD CHAIN

16 August 2008

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18 Off-Target Movement 10 points Applicators can prevent VOLATILITY (VAPOR DRIFT) of pesticide by using...Applicators can prevent VOLATILITY (VAPOR DRIFT) of pesticide by using... NON - VOLATILE PESTICIDES ESPECIALLY IN HOT WEATHERNON - VOLATILE PESTICIDES ESPECIALLY IN HOT WEATHER

19 August 2008 Off-Target Movement 20 points How can pesticide residues affect non-target areas or objects.How can pesticide residues affect non-target areas or objects. Contaminating PLANTS + ANIMALSContaminating PLANTS + ANIMALS Pitting or Staining SURFACESPitting or Staining SURFACES

20 August 2008 Off-Target Movement 30 points Sensitive Areas to consider when applying pesticides near where people live, work and play include:Sensitive Areas to consider when applying pesticides near where people live, work and play include: HOMESHOMES SCHOOLSSCHOOLS HOSPITALSHOSPITALS PLAYGROUNDSPLAYGROUNDS

21 August 2008 Off-Target Movement 40 points How can you avoid Wind Drift?How can you avoid Wind Drift? APPLY IN NO WINDAPPLY IN NO WIND APPLY IN EARLY am LATE pmAPPLY IN EARLY am LATE pm LOW PRESSURE APPLICATIONLOW PRESSURE APPLICATION COARSE SPRAY / LARGE DROPLETSCOARSE SPRAY / LARGE DROPLETS APPLY CLOSE TO TARGETAPPLY CLOSE TO TARGET

22 August 2008 Off-Target Movement 50 points What contributes to ground water contamination?What contributes to ground water contamination? Use of soluble / leachable chemicalsUse of soluble / leachable chemicals Carelessness when applying near waterCarelessness when applying near water Carelessness when mixing / loading near water (ponds, well heads, etc.)Carelessness when mixing / loading near water (ponds, well heads, etc.) Spills!!Spills!! Leaking equipment and containersLeaking equipment and containers

23 August 2008

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25 Harmful Effects 10 points Define + explain MSDSDefine + explain MSDS MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETSMATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS PHYSICAL + CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF PESTICIDES LISTEDPHYSICAL + CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF PESTICIDES LISTED LISTS PROPER CHEM. HANDLINGLISTS PROPER CHEM. HANDLING DETAILS PROPER EMERGENCY RESPONSEDETAILS PROPER EMERGENCY RESPONSE

26 August 2008 Harmful Effects 20 points Name the type of pesticide exposure (dermal, oral, inhalation, ocular)Name the type of pesticide exposure (dermal, oral, inhalation, ocular) Most Common ExposureMost Common Exposure DERMALDERMAL Applying + Eating LunchApplying + Eating Lunch ORAL + DERMALORAL + DERMAL Interior ApplicationInterior Application INHALATIONINHALATION Splash or rub eyesSplash or rub eyes OCULAROCULAR

27 August 2008 Harmful Effects 30 points What type of Toxic Effect? (Delayed, Acute, Allergic, Chronic, Systemic, Developmental, Reproductive) Cancer/TumorsCancer/Tumors DELAYED + CHRONICDELAYED + CHRONIC Forearm Rash next morningForearm Rash next morning ACUTEACUTE Nervous System DisorderNervous System Disorder DELAYED + SYSTEMICDELAYED + SYSTEMIC Burning skin on 1 applicatorBurning skin on 1 applicator ALLERGICALLERGIC Sterility/ ImpotenceSterility/ Impotence DELAYED + REPRODUCTIVEDELAYED + REPRODUCTIVE

28 August 2008 Harmful Effects 40 points Which are symptoms of pesticide poisoning NOT heat stress? vomiting headaches nausea dry mouth sweating dizziness chills weakness chest pains confusion clammy skin difficulty breathing

29 August 2008 Harmful Effects 40 points Which are symptoms of pesticide poisoning NOT heat stress? vomiting headaches nausea dry mouth sweating dizziness chills weakness chest pains confusion clammy skin difficulty breathing

30 August 2008 Harmful Effects 50 points List first aid for these pesticide poisonings INHALATION (breathing)INHALATION (breathing) get to fresh air, loosen clothes, mouth-to-mouthget to fresh air, loosen clothes, mouth-to-mouth DERMAL (skin)DERMAL (skin) drench skin/clothes with water, wash skin w/soap + waterdrench skin/clothes with water, wash skin w/soap + water OCULAR (eyes)OCULAR (eyes) Flush w/ water for 15 minutesFlush w/ water for 15 minutes ORAL (mouth)ORAL (mouth) rinse mouth w/ water, induce vomiting if label suggestsrinse mouth w/ water, induce vomiting if label suggests

31 August 2008

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33 Show & Tell 10 points Whats wrong with this picture?Whats wrong with this picture? Suggest 2 correctionsSuggest 2 corrections pesticide mix tank H 2 O Hose

34 August 2008 Show & Tell 20 points Name the PPE item and explain its protective qualitiesName the PPE item and explain its protective qualities Respirator- Inhalation/Oral protectionRespirator- Inhalation/Oral protection Gloves- Dermal protectionGloves- Dermal protection Safety Goggles- Ocular protectionSafety Goggles- Ocular protection Hooded Coveralls- Dermal protectionHooded Coveralls- Dermal protection

35 August 2008 Show & Tell 30 points Which applicator is applying termiticide in an attic, and which is applying herbicide to a landscaped bed? Why ?Which applicator is applying termiticide in an attic, and which is applying herbicide to a landscaped bed? Why ? AB

36 August 2008 Show & Tell 40 points What PPE materials protect against water- soluble or dry-formulated pesticides?What PPE materials protect against water- soluble or dry-formulated pesticides? PLASTIC RUBBERPLASTIC RUBBER What materials protect against solvents other than water?What materials protect against solvents other than water? BUTYL FOIL LAMINATE NITRILEBUTYL FOIL LAMINATE NITRILE

37 August 2008 Show & Tell 50 points Whats wrong with this scenario?Whats wrong with this scenario? Joe mixes a batch of herbicide and applies itJoe mixes a batch of herbicide and applies it Joe goes home in coverall + rubber bootsJoe goes home in coverall + rubber boots Joe leaves the boots by the door and puts his coveralls in the family hamperJoe leaves the boots by the door and puts his coveralls in the family hamper Joe washes all the clothes from the hamper togetherJoe washes all the clothes from the hamper together

38 August 2008

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40 Pesticide Handling 10 points Whats the first step any applicator should take before applying pesticides?Whats the first step any applicator should take before applying pesticides? IDENTIFY THE PEST!IDENTIFY THE PEST!

41 August 2008 Pesticide Handling 20 points The label gives a range for the amount of pesticide to be mixed. Which rate would you use when…… Why?The label gives a range for the amount of pesticide to be mixed. Which rate would you use when…… Why? ON A SAND GOLF TEE ?ON A SAND GOLF TEE ? LOWER RATELOWER RATE ON AN AMENDED ORNAMENTAL BED ?ON AN AMENDED ORNAMENTAL BED ? HIGHER RATEHIGHER RATE

42 August 2008 Pesticide Handling 30 points How does temperature, sunlight & humidity influence pesticide / pest activity?How does temperature, sunlight & humidity influence pesticide / pest activity? High temp. + Low HumidityHigh temp. + Low Humidity HIGHLY VOLATILE / PESTS ACTIVEHIGHLY VOLATILE / PESTS ACTIVE Cold Temp.Cold Temp. NON-VOLATILE / PEST INACTIVENON-VOLATILE / PEST INACTIVE Warm Temp.Warm Temp. VOLATILE / PESTS ACTIVE VOLATILE / PESTS ACTIVE

43 August 2008 Pesticide Handling 40 points Match the best pesticide treatment for each pest problem FUMIGANTFUMIGANT SYSTEMICSYSTEMIC BAITBAIT CONTACTCONTACT Elimination of Botrytis in single greenhouseElimination of Botrytis in single greenhouse Rodent problemRodent problem Reduction of boxwood leafminerReduction of boxwood leafminer Powdery Mildew on crepe myrtlePowdery Mildew on crepe myrtle

44 August 2008 Pesticide Handling 40 points Match the best pesticide treatment for each pest problem SYSTEMICSYSTEMIC BAITBAIT CONTACTCONTACT FUMIGANTFUMIGANT Elimination of Botrytis in single greenhouseElimination of Botrytis in single greenhouse Rodent problemRodent problem Reduction in boxwood leafminerReduction in boxwood leafminer Powdery Mildew on crepe myrtlePowdery Mildew on crepe myrtle

45 August 2008 Pesticide Handling 50 points TRUE or FALSE? All pesticides of the same formulation are compatible?All pesticides of the same formulation are compatible? Two chemicals are mixed creating a solid. The weather was too cold for application.Two chemicals are mixed creating a solid. The weather was too cold for application. A tank mix resulting in lumps or gelling was compatible.A tank mix resulting in lumps or gelling was compatible. 2 pesticides are mixed & appear compatible. The application yields NO pest control. This is a SYNERGISTIC relationship.2 pesticides are mixed & appear compatible. The application yields NO pest control. This is a SYNERGISTIC relationship.

46 August 2008 Pesticide Handling 50 points TRUE or FALSE? All pesticides of the same formulation are compatible?All pesticides of the same formulation are compatible? Two chemicals are mixed creating a solid. The weather was too cold for application.Two chemicals are mixed creating a solid. The weather was too cold for application. A tank mix resulting in lumps or gelling was compatible.A tank mix resulting in lumps or gelling was compatible. 2 pesticides are mixed & appear compatible. The application yields NO pest control. This is a SYNERGISTIC relationship.2 pesticides are mixed & appear compatible. The application yields NO pest control. This is a SYNERGISTIC relationship. FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE

47 August 2008

48 Program Created By Ms. Dawn M. Alleman - Extension Agent Environmental Horticulture/ANR Virginia Cooperative Extension Norfolk City Office 401 Colley Avenue Norfolk, VA (757) /


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