Presentation on theme: "In PORTUGAL CHRISTMAS TRADITION. CHRISTMAS IS … The religious celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ."— Presentation transcript:
in PORTUGAL CHRISTMAS TRADITION
CHRISTMAS IS …
The religious celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ.
Peace, harmony and having the family reunited. CHRISTMAS IS …
The Christmas spirit
Along the streets, we can see coloured lights and Christmas decorations
Recreation of the Nativity scene In every house, people re-create the stable where Jesus was born. The Nativity scene is built with moss, straw, vegetation and pieces of pottery at the beginning of Advent. Baby Jesus is placed in the Christmas crib only after the midnight Mass (the Mass of the Rooster).
At home, just as in the local church, people find a special place to put the Saviours crib from the nativity.
In Portugal, especially in the North, on the night of the 24th of December, Christmas Eve is called consoada. Christmas Eve
Families get together for the Consoada dinner.
Extra places are set at the table for the alminhas ("the souls of the dead").
The Consoada meal consists of boiled codfish, eggs,
Boiled potatoes, cabbages, onions,
And for dessert a wide variety of traditional sweets
Red Wine Rabanadas Creamed Egg Rabanadas
Formigos or Mexidos
Chocolate Bolo-Rei with dried fruits
Bolinhos de Jerimu
Pão de Ló
And many other desserts
After the meal,the table is never completely cleaned. Some cakes and dried fruits are left for the souls.
At the end of dinner, people sing Christmas Carols and play games.
Before midnight, all the family members go to church to attend the mass of the rooster which starts at midnight.
Baby Jesus is given to be kissed
In the regions of Bragança, Guarda or Castelo Branco, a Yule log is burned in the atrium of the village church after mass. People sing and dance around it. It helps keep everyone warm through the night and to wish family and friends a Merry Christmas.
At midnight, there is a firework display
Others prefer to return home and open the presents
Portuguese Christmas suffered some influences of other traditions o One of the influence is the replacement of the Baby Jesus by Father Christmas in the delivery of the presents.
Before, children would put their shoes in the living-room for Jesus to leave a present in them.
Now, it is Santa Claus that hands-out the presents.
On the 25th, lunch consists of the traditional Roupa Velha (old clothes), made of the leftovers of the previous day.