Presentation on theme: "Civil Liberties and the G20 Les libertés civiles au G2- Nathalie Des Rosiers Canadian Civil Liberties Association Association canadienne des libertés civiles."— Presentation transcript:
Civil Liberties and the G20 Les libertés civiles au G2- Nathalie Des Rosiers Canadian Civil Liberties Association Association canadienne des libertés civiles
The right to freedom of assembly places obligations on the police. The starting point for the police is the presumption in favour of facilitating peaceful assembly. However, the police may impose lawful restrictions on the exercise of the right provided such restrictions are lawful, have a legitimate aim (such as the interests of public safety or the protection of the rights and freedoms of others) and are necessary and proportionate. – 1st recommendation, Adapting to Protest from Her Majestys Chief Inspectorate of Constabulary,
Thèmes Une tolérance et compréhension limitées de la liberté de réunion pacifique par le grand public ; Un prise décision peu démocratique Un régime dimputabilité des plus faibles La nécessité dune réforme du droit?
Themes A fragile understanding of the Freedom to Assemble Peacefully; A poor and undemocratic decision-making framework for policing and security; A weak accountability framework for policing Necessity of an improved legal framework for public order policing?
Outline Preparation for the G20 Chronology of Events during the Summit On-going work on Accountability…
Preparation for the G20 Approaches to protests groups – Limits of infiltrations? (Police de Montréal) CCLAs meeting with the police – Statement of concerns – Sonic Cannon
The fence and the routes Apec Report, Justice Hughes: Apec Report – protesters have the right to be seen and heard by the delegates The Fence became a symbol Approved routes never got close to the fence
Pre-summit Legal Challenges The Fence : Tremblay c. Canada (Qué S.C.) Sonic Cannon – Protocoles developed as the litigation was unfolding; – Decision found that the Toronto Police protocole for the use of the Alert function was inappropriate – LRAD was used but not the Alert function – On-going
The Public Works Protection Act 1939 statute Public works must be protected: highways, canal, etc. Police powers: – search anyone approaching the public work – Demand identification and statement of purpose – Use as much force as necessary to remove someone on a public works without a lawful purpose
The Public Works Protection Act Letter of Chief William Blair on May 12th asking for additional powers for abundance of caution Convoluted designation of sidewalks, highways, parking lots inside the fence; Published in Elaws – temporary ( during the Summit) and to be published in the Gazette after its expiration One arrest on the Thursday – Mistaken description of the area – Correction by the Premier… Ombudsman investigation
Chronology Monday June 21st – Thursday June 24th – Peaceful, well orchestrated marches, illegal searches, overwhelming presence, unmarked cars Thursday -Friday June 25th – Arrest and searches under the Public Work Protection Act – Peaceful but more tense, illegal searches again, skirmishes but nothing major,
Chronology Saturday June 26th – Vandalism in the afternoon: 4 or 5 police cars burning, no police around the vandalized places – Charging of the crowd at Queens Park – Charging of the crowd at Esplanade – Mass arrests in front of Novotel – Arrests through the night Sunday June 27th – Arrests at the Graduate Residence – Charging the crowd in front of the detention centre – Queens and Spadina Mass arrests in the rain
Centre de détention Chaos Pas de droit à lavocat Mains liées, conditions difficiles, cages Attitude homophobe et sexiste, violation de protocoles sur les fouilles à nue.
The Detention Centre Chaos No right to lawyer Hands tied, no phone, no shoes, in large cage- like cells, 20 – 30 Sandwiches and water, garbage Reported Incidents of abuses: strip searches, sexist and homophobic slurs Releases across town : no shoes, no money
The Result 1105 persons arrested throughout the week-end, – 113 were released at the scene with no charge laid. – 714 were charged on breach of the peace, were detained by police for up to 24 hours, and were released unconditionally with no charges laid. – 263 were charged with offences and were detained by police for a bail hearings – Less than 20 charges are proceeding Charges dismissed, peace bonds deals, paperwork lost, bail conditions,
The response Two Class actions Individual actions International pressions Reviews: Ombudsman, McMurtry Review, Internal Review
Awaiting Toronto Police Service Board Review OIPRD: systemic review Repeal of the Public Works Protection Act RCMP, CSIS, Clarification on the Sonic Cannon
Conclusion Discourse of hate towards protesters Who decides what level of security and policing is appropriate? Need for law reform? – Limitations on common law powers – Transparency and clarity