2 OFFENCEAny act or omission made punishable by law for the time being in force.CASEA proceedings for prosecution of a person alleged to have committed an offence.The proceeding at the end must result in discharge, conviction or acquittal.
3 CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENCES Cognizable and non-cognizable offencesBailable and non-bailable offencesCompoundable and non-compoundable offences.Warrant cases and Summon cases
4 COGNIZABLE OFFENCE An offence for which a police officer May arrest without warrant andCan investigate without any order or direction of a Magistrate.
5 NON-COGNIZABLE OFFENCE An offence for which there can beNo arrest without warrant andNo investigation without the orders of the Magistrate.
6 BAILABLE OFFENCE NON-BAILABLE OFFENCE An offence wherein bail is granted as a matter of course by police officer or by courtNON-BAILABLE OFFENCEAn offence wherein bail is granted at the discretion of the court or the authorities concerned.
7 NON-COMPOUNDABLE OFFENCE An offence wherein the accusedenters into an agreementwith the victim of the offenceto pay some gratification or consideration for not prosecuting the accused.NON-COMPOUNDABLE OFFENCEAn offence which cannot be compounded.
8 WARRANT CASE SUMMONS CASE A case relating to an offence punishable withdeath,imprisonment for life orimprisonment for a term exceeding two years.SUMMONS CASEA case relating to an offence which is not a warrant case
9 INVESTIGATION Includes all the proceedings under the Code for collection of evidenceconducted by a police officeror by any person (other than a Magistrate) who is authorized by a Magistrate in this behalf.
10 INQUIRYEvery inquiry other than trial conducted by a Magistrate or Court.It is never conducted by police.It aims at determining the truth or falsity of certain facts.It is a judicial proceeding and oath can be administered to the persons to be examined in the course of an inquiry.
11 TRIAL The judicial process in accordance with law whereby the question of guilt or innocence of the person accused of an offence is determined.
12 ARREST The restraining of the liberty of man’s person In order to compel obedience to the order of a court orprevent the commission of a crime orensure that the person charged or suspected of a crime may be forthcoming to answer it.Arrest is when one is taken and restrained from his liberty.
13 CUSTODY‘Custody’ denotes surveillance or restriction on the movement of a person.It is complete in the case of arrest.It may also be partial.
14 REMAND ‘Remand’ – ‘send back’ remand to custody in a magisterial lock up or jail.‘Detention’- detention in police custody.‘Remand’ - remand to judicial custody.
15 ARREST Arrest with warrant Arrest without warrant In case of non-cognizable offencesArrest without warrantIn case of cognizable offencesIf non-cognizable offence is committed in the presence of police officer and the accused refuses to give his name and addressIn case of designing to commit a cognizable offence which cannot be otherwise prevented
16 POWERS FOR MAKING ARREST Power to use reasonable forcePower to search for the accusedPower to pursue the accused into any place in IndiaPower to obtain the assistance of any personPower to direct a subordinate officer to effect the arrestPower to re-arrest a person who has escaped from custody.
17 AFTER-ARREST PROCEDURE Give Information regarding arrest and place of arrest to the person nominated by the arrested personSearch the arrested person and place articles found upon him in safe custody after preparing a recovery memoSeize weapons if any and forward it to courtCause medical examination of the arrested person if necessarySend a report of the arrest to the District MagistrateNot release the arrested personexcept on bond, bail or on orders of Magistrate.
18 RIGHTS OF ARRESTED PERSON Right to know the ground of arrestRight to be taken before a Magistrate without delayRight to consult a legal practitionerRight to be examined by a Medical practitioner.Information regarding arrest and place of arrest to be given to one of his friends, relatives or other personInformation regarding right to be released on bail
19 Powers of an Executive Magistrate under the Code Power to obtain security for keeping peace and good behaviour.Power to command an unlawful assembly to disperse.Power to command the removal or stoppage of any public nuisance.Power to issue prohibitory orders to prevent urgent cases of nuisance or dangerPower to decide disputes relating to property by summary way to prevent breach of peace
20 COMPELLING APPEARANCE OF PERSON - PROCESSES SummonsWarrant of arrestProclamation andAttachment of property
21 COMPELLING PRODUCTION OF THINGS - PROCESSES SummonsSearchWith warrantWithout warrantSeizure