Presentation on theme: "Standard Data Management Project"— Presentation transcript:
1Standard Data Management Project USDA-Forest ServiceGeospatial ‘09, April 28th, 2009Jim Keys, WO-EMC, Pete Kilbourne Manti-La Sal NF, Aaron Burk, Wayne NF2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
2Topics Overview of the Standard Data Management Project – Jim Keys Demo of project tools being pilot tested – Aaron BurkAudience discussion/interaction on some issues related to work flows coming out of the interview process – Pete Kilbourne
3Standard Data Management Project Overview Jim Keys begins presentation first 15 draft slides of current draft. Aaron Burk then gives Data QE and IQT demo. Pete Kilbourne then leads “SDM” future discussion. Jim Keys then closes with “How you can participate”.3 Topics OverviewSDM BackgroundPilot tools DemoGet some information from youKey Terms if neededvInventory: To survey an area or entity for determination of such data as contents,condition, or value, for specific purposes such as planning, evaluation, or management.An inventory activity may include an information needs assessment; planning andscheduling; data collection, data entry, storage and maintenance; product development;evaluation; and reporting phases.Monitoring: A systematic process of collecting information to evaluate changes inactions, conditions, and relationships over time and space or progress toward meetingdesired conditions or plan objectives.Assessment: An analysis and interpretation of the social, economic, or ecologicalcharacteristics of an area using scientific principles to describe existing conditions as theyaffect sustainability. Assessments provide the foundation of independent informationupon which to build conservation strategies and management decisions; and againstwhich alternative approaches can be evaluated and modified.Evaluation: An appraisal and study of social, economic, and ecological conditions andtrends relevant to a unit. The analysis of monitoring data that produces informationneeded to answer specific monitoring questions. Evaluation may include comparingmonitoring results with a predetermined guideline or expected norm that may lead torecommendations for changes in management, a land management plan, or monitoringplan (emphasis added). Evaluations provide an updated compilation of information foruse in environmental analysis of future project and activity decisions.Jim Keys, WO-EMC/Resource Information GroupSDM Project Business Lead and Current Project Manager2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
4Project History Chartered as 2006 IT effort Business Lead and Project Manager: Jim KeysCo-SponsorshipDirector of EMC – Greg Smith (Acting)CIO - Vaughn StokesCore team with proposed additions across deputy area programsThe Chief Information Officer (CIO) and the Director of Ecosystem Management Coordination (EMC) chartered this project. The Information Resources Board (IRB) approved the project scope, schedule, and budget. The project manager has convened a small core team and continues to add team members to represent field and program offices across deputy areas and administrative levels.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
5Overall project scopeDevelop implementation policy and guidance to implement policies in FSM 1940 “Inventory, Monitoring, and Assessment Activities” and provide the field with relevant tools.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
6Agency Business Objectives The objectives for managing inventory, monitoring, and assessment activities are:Provide the information necessary for achieving the agency’s mission, goals, objectives, and business needs that fulfill information quality guidelines for objectivity, utility, and integrity;Support an adaptive land management process that includes social, economic, and ecological evaluations; andObtain order, consistency, and efficiency across the agency.By chartering the SDM project the Forest Service seeks to integrate business operations and resource information management and develop and implement good business practices.Fulfilling these objectives and policies presents the Forest Service with challenges in these key areas:Defining a clear vision and mission for inventory and monitoring tasks;Providing leadership continuity and accountability across all levels of the agency;Funding processes and controls that effectively support the mission of the agency and management of resource information;Keeping the IM&A policies and objectives aligned with resource management objectives;Implementing easy-to-use tools that are based on current and evolving business-driven needs that ease the burden on staff and gain efficiencies; andIntegrating, sharing, and reusing services within and across deputy areas to gain efficiencies and improve effectiveness.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
7SDM Project FocusThe SDM Project focuses on the following three policies for resource inventory, monitoring and assessment activities:Be coordinated through a national integrated program planning process that addresses information needs related to all agency business requirements;Use a standards-based approach and framework for information management and related business operations; andFoster and realize opportunities for collaboration, cooperation, and coordination across Forest Service deputy area programs and with agency partners, including the public; local, state, and other federal agencies; and non-governmental organizations.The SDM project team will formulate recommendations for guidance and tools to enable the agency to implement these policies based on findings from a series of interviews with representatives across all deputy and administrative areas of the agency.Because “what ultimately counts is what happens on the ground,” the Forest Service expects national projects to support field operations by leveraging existing resources (e.g. guidance, teams, and systems) while transparently contributing to efficient program management. 2007, Dale Bosworth, Chief; in USDA Forest Service Strategic Plan FY ; FS-8802008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
8A work in progressPublished FSM 1940 for resource inventories, monitoring and assessment (IM&A) activities.Completed a line of business study (LOB) – highlighted specific areas where the prioritization, efficiency, and effectiveness of IM&A tasks might be improved through better technology, standards, and business practicesCurrently involved in a process called solution design where we are interviewing stakeholders across the agency for further study those capability areas identified in the line of business study2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
9LOB Capability AreasInventory, monitoring and assessment cataloging and tracking;Task cost estimation tools;Standard data access/integration methods;Assessment tools to help ensure alignment of “plans” with information and inventory, monitoring, and assessment tasks;National inventory and monitoring guidance;Information quality standards; andProcesses that enable creation of inventory, monitoring, and assessment metrics, targets, and appraisals.
10What we are doingAddress each of the seven IM&A Line of Business capability areas with focus on significant aspects and opportunities to improve work flow (processes).Examine the degree to which current agency business can be served by tools that replace the capabilities of four previous tools: Protocol Database, Standard Data Evaluation Tool (SDET), Inventory and Monitoring Program Planning (IMPP), and the Resource Mapping Evaluation Tool (RMET).Integrate existing and new processes and systems to minimize duplication of effort and broaden collaboration and ownership across staff and deputy areas.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
11What we are doingProvide guidance and tools that facilitate efficient flow of work. The primary activities within this workflow include identifying information needs, choosing or developing standards applied to information, acquiring information (e.g. work planning and budgeting), managing information, evaluating information, and monitoring how well information meets agency business needs.Author inventory, monitoring, and assessment directives (handbook and guidance) that apply to all administrative levels and have the support of all deputy areas.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
12Operating PrinciplesUse a phased approach to: (1) identify requirements, (2) propose and pilot test solutions, (3) evaluate impact to the field, (4) obtain approval to proceed with each “deliverable,” and (5) complete approved implementation plans.Author FSH 1909.xx including descriptions of the standards based approach and framework, coordination and collaboration, and program management and planning processes.Facilitate the chartering of subordinate teams to develop guidance with implementation plans. Implementation plans will include impact assessment of long-term support and use of guidance and tools.Favor solutions that improve the efficiency of agency work flows, procedural standards, and budgetary direction, and that hold programs to account for sustaining efficient processes that prevent or minimize long-term costs.Develop and recommend solutions that have minimal and transparent impact to the field.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
13Operating PrinciplesEmphasize integration and communication of agency business needs and requirements over new IT development.Rely on a team with members who represent field and program offices across deputy areas.Solicit input from across agency deputy areas and administrative levels through a series of interviews and studies that identify requirements, assess benefits and costs, and recommend teams to follow through with development of deliverables.Minimize tool-building. Build only what is necessary for integration of budget, accountability, and policy; or necessary to pull information together from existing data repositories and applications. For example, favor use of Geospatial Interface (GI) to access data through user friendly interface over creation of entirely new IT application separate from existing systems.Avoid new IT development effort by this project team in favor of having other more experienced agency teams develop IT solutions. Manage SDM as a client of other IT development teams and projects (e.g. NRIS, NIMS, FSVEG, IBE); CIO responsible for implementation and support.Collaborate with other teams to facilitate any important adjustments to their scope, budget, and schedule based on executive approvals and support from field resource programs and specialists.Minimize data redundancy, protect data confidentiality, and ensure data integrity.Encourage and favor solutions that promote efficient management of shared data across agency systems and programs.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
14Operating Principles (If you didn’t get it) Emphasize integration and communication of agency business needs and requirements over new IT development.Rely on a team with members who represent field and program offices across deputy areas.Solicit input from across agency deputy areas and administrative levels through a series of interviews and studies that identify requirements, assess benefits and costs, and recommend teams to follow through with development of deliverables.Minimize tool-building. Build only what is necessary for integration of budget, accountability, and policy; or necessary to pull information together from existing data repositories and applications. For example, favor use of Geospatial Interface (GI) to access data through user friendly interface over creation of entirely new IT application separate from existing systems.Avoid new IT development effort by this project team in favor of having other more experienced agency teams develop IT solutions. Manage SDM as a client of other IT development teams and projects (e.g. NRIS, NIMS, FSVEG, IBE); CIO responsible for implementation and support.Collaborate with other teams to facilitate any important adjustments to their scope, budget, and schedule based on executive approvals and support from field resource programs and specialists.Minimize data redundancy, protect data confidentiality, and ensure data integrity.Encourage and favor solutions that promote efficient management of shared data across agency systems and programs.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
15Project DeliverablesRecommendations for guidance to implement agency resource information policy;Analysis of requirements for tools and processes to improve effectiveness and efficiency of resource information to support the work of the Forest Service;Pilot tests of tools, documented user feedback and recommendations for refinements; andCompleted guidance and tools with implementation plans as approved by executive sponsors.The project deliverables apply to all study areas on next slide (slide 13)The recommendations and requirements will be identified through a cycle of interviews, proposals, and pilot tests. The project will ensure that the agency evaluates the effectiveness, efficiency, and impact of proposed guidance and tools. Each step will be subject to review and approval by executive sponsors. The initial topic areas for interviews are: The team will use stages of requirements analysis and solution design similar to those used in eGov projects. This process is further described in section titled “Terminology” at the end of this document. The Line of Business study report uses the term “capability areas” which is synonymous with “topic areas.”2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
16Project Schedule Numerous decision points for Executive Sponsors FOR MORE INFO...Project management plan documents available on FS Teamroom(Jim Keys - Project Manager at or )2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
18Demo: Current SDM Project Tools Aaron Burk - SDM Project Core TeamWayne National Forest –Resource Information ManagerJim can intro or give it to Aaron at this point2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
19Current SDM Project Tools Pilot TestingData QE (Quality Evaluation)IQT (Information Quality Tool)Jim can intro or give it to Aaron at this point2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
20DataQE (Quality Evaluation) DataQE BackgroundGIS data quality evaluation tool for ArcMapProvides users with simple interface for defining and managing “rule set” data.Provides GIS professionals with quick & easy way to perform customizable QA checks on attribute tablesCoverage,Shapefile,Geodatabase layersPAS drove tool development to meet the Strategic Measure because it had to be done. Due to Chief’s requirement.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
21Information Quality Tool Information Quality Tool (IQT) Backgroundis an application that generates an evaluation of the data quality of certain aspects of standard GIS layersEvaluation results will generate performance measure statistics to the Performance Accountability System (PAS)Makes upward reporting more transparent, less burdensomeIQT is driven by IQT and IQT report Tool describe how the two fit together. Discuss why these tools were developed during the Line of Business and Interview process. Due to strategic measure 5.1 a tool needed to be developed in a timely way generate the information required by the Performance Accountability System. The PAS # for IM&A tasks is a %This is based on the amount of “data that has beencollected to current standard” for a susbset (see below) of GIS layers in the national Data dictionary.Layers reviewed in 2007 & 2008Accomplishment Activity PolysFire Planning PolysFire History PolysAllotment PolysRecreation Sites PointsRecreation Sites PolysRoad Travel RoutesTrail Travel RoutesWildlife Surveys PointsWildlife Surveys Polys2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
22IQT Data QE Demo Check Data Dictionary compliance Create Rule sets for local data, in the future.Run your own IQT reportUser friendlyCheck Data Dictionary complianceCreate Rule sets for local data, in the future.Different file types.Run your own IQT report.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
23Data dictionary complianace 2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
31Pilot Stage at this point still gaining knowledge before rollout. 2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
32Resource Information Mgr. Exploring Workflows for Inventory, Monitoring, and Assessment Activities During the SDM Project Solution Definition ProcessGeospatial 09Snowbird, UTApril 2009Pete Kilbourne,Resource Information Mgr.Manti-La Sal NF
33Purpose of this presentation SDM team is looking at workflows for inventory, monitoring and assessment activities.to help identify requirements for the 7 Capability Areas from LOB StudySubsequently conducting interviews To identify requirementsat different organizational levels throughout the FSAnd will be asking for your input on issues surrounding workflows and LOB requirementsBetter job of developing user requirements.
34HELP!!!WE NEED YOUR INPUT INTO THE REQUIREMENTS FOR STANDARD DATA MANAGEMENTYOU CAN GIVE US INPUT BY:Participating in the interview processBecoming part of a user group for standard data managementPiloting processes and toolsReviewing and commenting on FSH direction and guidance
35TopicsWhat is a workflow for inventory, monitoring and assessment activities?Why are we looking at workflows?How will they be used?Introduce a workflow at the field level for basic inventory datahighlight some issues we might encounter that require (field) feedback relating to that workflow.Help us identify the requirements related to the 7 capability areas (LOB Study)Get your ideas about other workflows that are important to your business.Why – tie to real work and user experienceHow – to make sure requirements mesh with the work we do.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
36What do we mean by workflow for an activity? A workflow describes a sequence of logical steps needed to accomplish some activity.More specifically it includes:Tasksprocedural stepsorganization or people involvedinputs and outputsWorkflows can be described for field, region and national activities.
37WHY and How we use Workflows To explain capability areas in a way that is familiar to youModels the way we work.And grounds requirements for capability areas to the way we work in the real world.HowBuild requirements around workflows that model important aspects of our work.
38Possible workflow(s) we might encounter Planning, preparing and scheduling an inventoryData collection or acquiring the dataSelection and use of Protocols (data standards and methods)Quality assurance and controlPublication of dataProject analysis and classificationsMonitoring (guides, plans, schedules, procedures, reporting)Developing protocolsLinking the costs of basic inventory with funding, accomplishment, and performance accountability reporting systems6 steps2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
39The purpose and scope will guide a specific workflow and resulting products If the purpose is to collect or acquire data for a specific business need?the product is data to meet that business needIf the purpose is to integrate existing data sets, budget, and performance and accountability systems?the product or output may be a set of integrated processes, and applications or toolsWorkflows are similar ??????????????inputs and outputs are different.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
40Explore as an example work flow for Basic Field Level Inventory Example, Issues, Discussion, Feedback
41Review of SDM Topics As we go, look for the underlined SDM topics in workflow Inventory, monitoring and assessment cataloging and tracking;Task cost estimation tools;Standard data access/integration methods;Assessment tools to help ensure alignment of “plans” with IM&A tasks;National inventory and monitoring guidance;Information quality standards; andProcesses that enable creation of IM&A metrics, targets, and appraisals.Focus on underlined topics which will specifically tie to workflow2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
42Cycle back through the example workflow Focus issues Example workflow Base inventory (transportation, wildlife, recreation, vegetation, etc.PLAN BASE INVENTORYWhat, why, how, when, wherePlanUpdate/ReviseReviseIdentify continuing needsWhat’s left to doWhat processes should be changedCreate, publish,documentand maintain baseDoCheckUse and check (useful, effective,and efficient)
43ISSUES Information Needs of Assessments Measuring status, progress with focus on spatial completenessLinking Data needs to the budgetWe are using Workflows ties to what you are familiar in your work2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
44Select and fund Projects PLAN BASEINVENTORYStarting with NeedsEnter into Annual WorkplanRefined costs and methods of acquisitionPick performance measuresINV-DAT_ACQset targetsacresIdentify InformationNeedsCatalog and trackingAlignment with PlansInformation qualityAnnual budget ProcessSelect and fund ProjectsDataRequirements(Protocols &Data Stds.Enter into out-year budget Process(may just be total costsby BLI like NFIMDataStatus& EvaluationExtent and QualityList of feasible data Projects(budget and personnel)Identify DataGAPSExtent and quality
45INA For Data Needs – Base Inventory This example is limited toData needs for developing a base of GIS and related inventory dataPrimary assumption - build once, use manyWith that in mind, the questions areWhich data to meet business needs?What data requirements?
46INA – INFORMATION NEEDS ASSESSMENT Depth and detail of INADepends on where we are in the gameEarly days, starting from scratchAnalyzed business functions(planning, project implementation and NEPA)Identified resource questionsthat support those functions.Still doing some of thisChange management
47The agency decided “what data” a while ago in one form or another Reflected in DD and Nat. App. data structuresSubject to change managementCan step back to “what is the resource question and data requirements”Subject to unique regional or local data needsEx. wetlandswhen we evaluate the usefulness of our data.2008 Oct 21 Revised Ver 2 JK
48Seems like we are mostly picking our data needs from a list? Not every forest is going to need everything in the Data Dictionary and Nat. Applications.Nor can they afford itMust prioritizeconsidering available fundsmost important resource issues
50Purpose of INA in Base Inventory Workflow – At this Stage Identify data needs on a particular unit leading towardidentification of data gaps that need to be filledPrioritizationapplicability to the unitManagement prioritiesCost and Available fundsFundingAccomplishment
51Discussion Thoughts, comments? What do you do? Detailed INA processOr simply pick DD layers ?What are your requirements for an INA?Would any INA tools be helpful?
52Measuring status, progress with focus on spatial completeness
53Select and fund Projects PLAN BASEINVENTORYData status, Evaluation, and GapsEnter into Annual WorkplanRefined costs and methods of acquisitionPick performance measuresINV-DAT_ACQset targetsacresIdentify InformationNeedsDataRequirements(Protocols &Data Stds.Annual budget ProcessSelect and fund ProjectsEnter into out-year budget Process(may just be total costsby BLI like NFIMDataStatus& EvaluationExtent and QualityCatalog and trackingInformation qualityList of feasible data Projects(budget and personnel)Identify DataGAPSExtent and qualityCatalog and trackingInformation qualitymetrics
54Data status, Evaluation, and Gaps Concepts (some unofficial terms) Status - How do we know how much data we have?Completeness - How do we know when we have the data we need?at the quality we needAt the geographic extent we need.Data Gaps- How do we know what to do next?What data we need develop next?what data needs to be fixed or updated?Progress – How do we measure how far along we are?Meeting our goals
55Data status Two components of status Quality? Completeness? Has it been collected to the needed currency ,accuracy, precision?Is it consistent with FS standardsData QE and IQTDoes it meet protocol requirements?Completeness?Does the data cover the area where we need data?Geographic extentDoes it contain the attributes and values needed?
56Data Gaps, Progress, Spatial Completeness How do we calculate it Data Gaps, Progress, Spatial Completeness How do we calculate it? Do we care?Total Area where we need dataData Gap(area where data needs to be acquired)-=Current area inventoriedCurrent area inventoriedTotal Area where we need data=PROGRESS as a percentageISSUESHow do we establish the total area where we need data?How do we measure the data we have?How do we identify the data gaps?What units of measure should we use?Acres, number of features, miles?
57Status Graphic Approach No mapping – needed by priorityIn ProgressCompleted
58How do we measure completeness for point data?Example - Features do not cover entire inventory area.Inventory not completeWhat is the numerator?SITES (points) – what we found?number of sites (487)?or area represented by sitesAcre conversion (487x 5 acres = 2435 acres)Or AREA INVENTORIED SO FAR where we looked (pink area)?42,337 acresWhat is the denominator?SITES we should find?Unknown upfrontnumber of sites?Or area represented by sitesOr AREA WHERE WE NEED DATA (beige)Can establish this up-front122,878 acresCurrent inventoryPROGRESS as a percentage (X 100)=Total inventory needed
59Discussion Thoughts, comments? How do you measure progress? Do you plan to inventory an area, distance or a certain number of features?What are your requirements for measuring status and progress?Would tools assist in measuring status and progress be needed?
60Linking Data needs to the budget How do we make the information needs known on the budget side?
61PLAN BASE INVENTORY Enter into Annual Workplan Refined costs and methods of acquisitionPick performance measuresINV-DAT-ACQset targetsacrescost estimationMetrics, targetsIdentify InformationNeedsAnnual budget ProcessSelect and approve Projectscost estimationMetricsAlignment with plansDataRequirements(Protocols &Data Stds.Enter into out-year budget Process(may just be total costsby BLI like NFIMcost estimationMetrics, targetsAlignment with plansDataStatus& EvaluationExtent and QualityList of feasible data Projects(budget and personnel)Identify DataGAPSExtent and quality
62Out- Year budget Example Performance Measure INV-DAT-ACQ - Inventory Data Acquired Very general numbersSummary for all inventories plannedtotal acres and $Often not tied to specific data needsOften based on what we did in previous yearsWill this lead to the appropriate level of funding?Could the SDM project help make a better connection between needs and budget?Total acres
63Annual Work-planEstablishes funding annual funding of IM&A projectsIf individual work-plans done for specific inventories,Can be tied directly to meeting specific data needsManual processIf single work-plans done for all inventoriesNo identifiable tie to specific data needs.Potential area of integration for the SDM project to link needs to budget?Target and accomplishment(same area of inventory vrs area of features problem)
64Discussion Thoughts, comments? How do you calculate out-year acres of inventory and $?Area to be inventoried or area of features you might find?Do you consider specific inventory needs to make out year estimates?Do you make individual and general workplans?Advantages?Disadvantages?What are your requirements for linking information needs to budget?Would tools help ?to feed or at least inform the budget about specific data needs?
65Closeout - Review Workflows Requirements for capability areas PLANAlignment with PlansCatalog and trackingInformation qualitycost estimationMetrics, targetsPlanIssues (INA, completeness,budget)Update/ReviseDoReviseIdentify continuingneedsWhat’s left to doWhat processesshould be changedInformation qualityalignment of “plans”with IM&A tasksCatalog and trackCreate, publish,documentand maintainInformation qualitydata access/integrationMetrics, targetsCatalog and trackCheckUse and check (useful, effective,and efficient)Information qualityalignment of “plans”with IM&A tasksmetrics, targets, and appraisals
66HELP!!!WE NEED YOUR INPUT INTO THE REQUIREMENTS FOR STANDARD DATA MANAGEMENTYOU CAN GIVE US INPUT BY:Participating in the interview processBecoming part of a user group for standard data managementPiloting processes and toolsReviewing and commenting on FSH direction and guidanceIdentifying workflows that are important for your business.Questions or commentsGet with Aaron, Jim, or Pete afterward