3 New Urban Scene New York: 5.6 million people Why leave the farm? Why leave Wellsboro?ActionsDrinking, Gambling, Dating, Movie TheatersDifferencesFast paced, strangers all around, competitive
4 Prohibition 18th Amendment Liquor: prime cause of corruption Abuse of children and wives, work accidentsSupported in rural South and WestProtestants, Woman’s Temperance UnionVolstead ActProhibition PoliceOverworked, Under funded1500 officers to do everything!
5 Speakeasies and Bootleggers Underground hidden barsPeople who smuggled alcoholOrganized CrimeOpportunity to make moneyDeveloped in every major cityAl CaponeChicago Crime EmpireMade $100 mil in 6 yearsArrested on Tax evasion
6 Fundamentalism Literal interpretation of the Bible Skeptical of scienceEvolution and DarwinReligious RevivalsBilly Sunday: Emotional meetings in the SouthAimee McPherson: Radio Evangelist
7 The Scopes Trial 1925 Ten. Law made teaching Ev. Illegal John Scopes: taught EvolutionACLU supported him, Clarence DarrowWilliam Jennings Bryan: prosecutorAdmits Bible may be interpreted!Fundamentalism crackedScopes was found GuiltyLater over turned
10 The Flapper An Emancipated Young Woman Close fitting Hats, Bright Dresses, Shorter Dresses, Pumps and BeadsBoyish, Jet black HairAssertiveness, smoking and drinkingAgreed that Housework and child-rearing still their main job
11 New Work Opportunities Women’s ProfessionsTeachers, Nurses, LibrariansBig BusinessClerical workers, typists, secretariesFlying Airplanes, Drilling OilDiscriminationUnequal pay, Harsh treatment
12 The Changing Family Birthrate declines Social and Technological InnovationsGreater Equality in MarriageHeavy Pressures