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Chapter 13 Section 1 Notes Rural – Country (Urban vs. City) Rural – Country (Urban vs. City) -1920Census – 51.2% of people lived in big cities -1920Census.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 Section 1 Notes Rural – Country (Urban vs. City) Rural – Country (Urban vs. City) -1920Census – 51.2% of people lived in big cities -1920Census."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 13 Section 1 Notes Rural – Country (Urban vs. City) Rural – Country (Urban vs. City) -1920Census – 51.2% of people lived in big cities -1920Census – 51.2% of people lived in big cities -People started moving to big cities -People started moving to big cities -New York (5.6 million, biggest city) -New York (5.6 million, biggest city) -Moving from rural to urban required changes in way of living -Moving from rural to urban required changes in way of living -City people accepted behaviors considered shocking in rural towns. -City people accepted behaviors considered shocking in rural towns. -City fast paced filled with strangers -City fast paced filled with strangers -Urban life – Friendly, safe, slow paced -Urban life – Friendly, safe, slow paced

2 Chapter 13 Section 1 Notes 18th Amendment – Launched prohibition 18th Amendment – Launched prohibition Prohibition – Outlawed sale, transport or drinking of alcohol Prohibition – Outlawed sale, transport or drinking of alcohol Support came from rural South and West Support came from rural South and West People began to resent government for meddling with their social life People began to resent government for meddling with their social life Government did not have enough money to enforce prohibition Government did not have enough money to enforce prohibition 1500 poorly paid federal agents and local police 1500 poorly paid federal agents and local police Task was impossible Task was impossible Speakeasies ( Illegal underground clubs that sold alcohol) Speakeasies ( Illegal underground clubs that sold alcohol) Could be found everywhere and had to use a card or password to get in. Could be found everywhere and had to use a card or password to get in. Bootleggers started popping up ( Distilled own alcohol or smuggled alcohol from other countries Bootleggers started popping up ( Distilled own alcohol or smuggled alcohol from other countries

3 Chapter 13 Section 1 Notes Prohibition Prohibition Led to crime in every major city Led to crime in every major city Al Capone – Bootlegger from Chicago who netted over $60 Million a year Al Capone – Bootlegger from Chicago who netted over $60 Million a year By mid 1920’s 19% of Americans supported Prohibition By mid 1920’s 19% of Americans supported Prohibition 18th Amendment stayed in force until th Amendment stayed in force until 1933 Repealed by 21st Amendment Repealed by 21st Amendment Rural people only ones to support prohibition Rural people only ones to support prohibition

4 Chapter 13 Section 1 Notes Church vs. Science Church vs. Science Fundamentalism – Protest movement believed all important knowledge could be found in the bible. Fundamentalism – Protest movement believed all important knowledge could be found in the bible. Rejected Evolution Theory Rejected Evolution Theory Laws started being passed banning teaching of evolution Laws started being passed banning teaching of evolution John Thomas Scopes (Biology teacher in Tennessee protested) John Thomas Scopes (Biology teacher in Tennessee protested) Scopes arrested – ACLU hired a lawyer for him Scopes arrested – ACLU hired a lawyer for him Scopes Trial – Fight to teach evolution in schools. Proven that bible is open to interpretation. Scopes Trial – Fight to teach evolution in schools. Proven that bible is open to interpretation. Scopes fined $100 Scopes fined $100 Law outlawing teaching Evolution remained in effect. Law outlawing teaching Evolution remained in effect.

5 Chapter 13 Section 1 Quiz 1.) What was the biggest city in the United States at this time? a.) New Orleans b.) San Francisco c.) New York City 2.) What type of environment describes living in the country? a.) Rural b.) Urban c.) Suburban 3.) If you lived in a city you lived in what kind of an environment? a.) Rural b.) Urban c.) Suburban 4.) What was life in a rural area like? a.) You would live next to a lot of people you didn’t know b.) Fast paced c.) Slow paced and laid back 5.) Which type of people accepted more risky behavior? a.) City people b.) Rural people c.) Suburban people 6.) What was prohibition? a.) Outlawing overseas trading b.) Outlawing the sale or use of guns c.) Outlawing sale, transport or drinking of Alcohol 7.) What did society think about prohibition? a.) They supported it b.) They were indifferent to it c.) They did not support it 8.) What was enforcement of prohibition like for government officials? a.) Very difficult b.) No different than any other law c.) Fairly easy 9.) What was the term used to describe Illegal underground clubs that sold alcohol? a.) Underground clubs b.) Speakeasies c.) Bordellos 10.) What were people called who smuggled alcohol from other countries? a.) Bootleggers b.) Alcohol Smugglers c.) Terrorists


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