R OWAN C AHILL The period seeded the future with movements and ideas that challenged and changed Australian society and culture as women, aborigines, gays, lesbians and environmentalists variously articulated, demanded, claimed, struggled and gained attention and rights previously denied.
R OLL O VER B EETHOVEN - THE RISE OF A YOUTH CULTURE Popular mythology argues that in Australia the 60s was a once in a lifetime celebration of youthful rebellion. The Beatles Tour was central to this social transformation. Keith Moore One of the most interesting aspects of revolt within the more advanced capitalist states since the war has been the emergence, one after the other, of groupings of disaffected youth. Youth revolt is not necessarily a panacea; neither is it necessarily the precursor of social revolution; rather a grim-humored reaction to the frustration implicit in this society and this manner of living Charles Radcliffe The Seeds of Destruction 1966
MENZIES-HOLT-GORTON THE CONSERVATIVE LIBERAL BRIGADE 'Australia is a lucky country, run by second-rate people who share its luck. Donald Horne 1964
HAROLD HOLT BELIEVED DEAD
A DECADE OF CHANGE ; REFERENDUMS AND FREEDOM RIDES
1963 S T G EORGE DEFEATS W ESTS 8-3
6 OCLOCK ROCK AND BANDSTAND HTTP :// WWW. YOUTUBE. COM / WATCH ? V =2 K P3BS23PNE HTTP :// WWW. YOUTUBE. COM / WATCH ? V =2 K P3BS23PNE
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N AT YOUNG M IDGET F ARRELLY AND THE SHORT BOARD REVOLUTION http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1FaflUn4Co&feat ure=related
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HTTP :// WWW. YOUTUBE. COM / WATCH ? V =UGAUT AD N 47U HTTP :// WWW. YOUTUBE. COM / WATCH ? V =UGAUT AD N 47U MUSIC OF A GENERATION
THE BEATLES, JEAN SHRIMPTON AND CARNABY STREET FASHIONS http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SMwZsFK IXa8&feature=related
R AY E VANS ; R OCK AND R OLL C ULTURE Rock and Roll music had shocked conservative Australia in the 1950s. The lyrics, the performers gestures and the behaviour of the fans had challenged the primacy of nuclear family values, clean living and British restraint.
HAIR THE MUSICAL 3 SECONDS OF FULL FRONTAL NUDITY HTTP :// WWW. YOUTUBE. COM / WATCH ? V =R R GL F 4J33 V U& FEATURE = RELATED HTTP :// WWW. YOUTUBE. COM / WATCH ? V =R R GL F 4J33 V U& FEATURE = RELATED HAIR was the era-defining musical of the 60s, capturing the atmosphere of politically active, long-haired, dope-smoking Hippies.
THE SOUND OF MOTOWN AND THE ROLLING STONES HTTP :// WWW. YOUTUBE. COM / WATCH ? V =5G IS S W 2T S GQ HTTP :// WWW. YOUTUBE. COM / WATCH ? V =5G IS S W 2T S GQ
AMERICANISATION OF POPULAR CULTURE
DECIMAL CURRENCY; E ND OF THE P OUND S TERLING
BOUFFANT BABES AND SWINGIN CHICKS
B Y THE END OF 1961 THE OLD L OCAL G OVERNMENT A CT, O RDINANCE N O. 52 WAS ABANDONED AND A NEW ORDINANCE INTRODUCED WHICH SIMPLY REQUIRED BATHERS BE CLAD IN A PROPER AND ADEQUATE BATHING COSTUME - WITHOUT DEFINING EXACTLY WHAT THIS WAS. T HE BIKINI WAR HAD BEEN WON – BY THE BIKINI WEARERS !
CHANGE IN FASHION- CLOTHING AS A MEANS OF SELF EXPRESSION The mini, midi, pantyhose, wide ties, paisley shirts, bell- bottom pants, op art dresses, Lurex, paisley, peace and Prue Acton are all words that symbolise the '60s
TIE DYE, FLORALS AND FLAIRS; A FASHION MUST
The Rock n Roll youth lifestyle starts to be recognised as a huge market (the Beatles tour in 1964 had a huge influence) and is increasingly appropriated into business, advertising and media cultures. Business begins to appropriate youth rebellion to make money and look cool
H ISTORICALLY, ASPECTS OF YOUTH CULTURE HAVE INCLUDED LANGUAGE, MUSIC AND DRESS IN VARYING COMBINATIONS SO AS TO ESTABLISH IDENTITY. T HE TENDENCY TO HIGHJACK WORDS AND CREATE MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE LANGUAGE HAS OFTEN BEEN SEEN AS A NEGATIVE OR EXCLUSIONARY TRAIT OF YOUTH Right On! Cool Man! Groovy? Psychedelic Smell the flowers Make love not war Peace Funky Right on Tripping Sit ins Love ins
R OWAN C AHILL - THE FINAL WORD Perhaps its greatest legacy was in striking an almighty blow for the legitimisation of protest in this country, "enlarging the space for democratic action".
AMERICANIZATION AND PROTEST http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LBdeCxJmcAo&feature=related
SEX D RUGS AND R OCK AND R OLL Richard Neville OZ Magazine
OZ MAGAZINE DISSENT AND IRREVERENCE
WOODSTOCK AMERICAN INFLUENCE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cIvs4j4IniA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oQDakdp5WZ0 &feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oQDakdp5WZ0 &feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q69HfzWpZac