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Super Quiz PowerPoint Test 10 2010-2011. According to data on planetesimal collisions, the impact of a Mars-size body with a forming planet could have.

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Presentation on theme: "Super Quiz PowerPoint Test 10 2010-2011. According to data on planetesimal collisions, the impact of a Mars-size body with a forming planet could have."— Presentation transcript:

1 Super Quiz PowerPoint Test

2 According to data on planetesimal collisions, the impact of a Mars-size body with a forming planet could have resulted in the Question 1 a.movement of Mercury to its present orbit near the sun b.loss of Mercury's rocky layers c.outward movement of the orbit of Venus away from the sun d.movement of Pluto to its present orbit e.development of the Earths tectonic plates

3 According to data on planetesimal collisions, the impact of a Mars-size body with a forming planet could have resulted in the Question 1 b.loss of Mercury's rocky layers (11, 1, 1)

4 Which of the following lies immediately above the water table? Question 2 a.unsaturated zone b.asthenosphere c.hydrosphere d.dry season water table e.saturated zone

5 Which of the following lies immediately above the water table? Question 2 a.unsaturated zone (28, 1, 1)

6 Which of the following is NOT always below sea level? Question 3 a.continental crust b.continental slope c.continental rise d.continental shelf e.abyssal plain

7 Which of the following is NOT always below sea level? Question 3 a.continental crust (76, figure)

8 Landslides along the shores of the Great Lakes in the United States and Canada can be Question 4 a. intense rainfall b.earthquake tremor c.prehistoric wedge failures d.slope undercutting e.translation movement of bedrock

9 Landslides along the shores of the Great Lakes in the United States and Canada can be Question 4 d.slope undercutting (64, 2, 2)

10 The Dust Bowl took place during which decade? Question 5 a.1890s b.1910s c.1930s d.1950s e.1980s

11 The Dust Bowl took place during which decade? Question 5 c.1930s (4, 2, 1)

12 Which of the following are classified as plutonic rocks based on the area where they form? Question 6 a.clastic sediment b.extrusive igneous rock c.intrusive igneous rock d.primary and secondary clay soils e.chemical and biological sediment

13 Which of the following are classified as plutonic rocks based on the area where they form? Question 6 c.intrusive igneous rock (19, 2, 1)

14 Where does the most significant replenishment of groundwater occur as a result of rainfall and snowmelt? Question 7 a.alluvial fan b.discharge area c.cone of depression d.aquiclude e.recharge area

15 Where does the most significant replenishment of groundwater occur as a result of rainfall and snowmelt? Question 7 e.recharge area (31, 1, 1)

16 The 1967 Brazilian landslide was largely a result of Question 8 a.intense rainfall b.earthquake tremor c.volcanic eruption d.stream-bank undercutting c.translation movement of bedrock

17 The 1967 Brazilian landslide was largely a result of Question 8 a.intense rainfall (64, 1, 3)

18 How did William Smith distinguish eras of geologic time? Question 9 a.through a study of earthquakes b.by tracing volcanic eruptions c.by studying the mineral composition of soils d.by studying marine life in the South Seas e.through a study of fossil succession

19 How did William Smith distinguish eras of geologic time? Question 9 e.through a study of fossil succession (3, 2, 2)

20 A perched water body is produced by an impermeable layer of rock or sediment in the Question 10 a.saturated zone b.water table c.layer of aeration d.capillary fringe e.zone of aeration

21 A perched water body is produced by an impermeable layer of rock or sediment in the Question 10 e.zone of aeration (34, 1, 2)

22 The cyclic movement of carbon occurs daily in all of the following EXCEPT Question 11 a.lithosphere b.asthenosphere c. biosphere d.hydrosphere e.cryosphere

23 The cyclic movement of carbon occurs daily in all of the following EXCEPT Question 11 b.asthenosphere (90, 1, 2)

24 Which of the following is an igneous rock? Question 12 a.quartz b.basalt c.limestone d.schist e.sandstone

25 Which of the following is an igneous rock? Question 12 b.basalt (11, 3)

26 A confined aquifer is bounded by Question 13 a.alluvial fans b.discharge areas c.cones of depression d.aquicludes e.seawater

27 A confined aquifer is bounded by Question 13 d.aquicludes (34, 1, 1)

28 The very hot and malleable part of the mantle is called the Question 14 a.isotasy b.convergent margin c.divergent margin d.asthenosphere e.lithosphere

29 The very hot and malleable part of the mantle is called the Question 14 d.asthenosphere (82, 1, 2)

30 Which of the following is a tentative educated guess? Question 15 a.hypothesis b.theory c.constant d.variable e.data table

31 Which of the following is a tentative educated guess? Question 15 a.hypothesis (6, 2, 1)

32 Prodelta beds consist primarily of Question 16 a.coarse sediment b.silt c.cross-bedded sand d.clay e.fragmented marine shells

33 Prodelta beds consist primarily of Question 16 d. clay (55, 1, 1)

34 Recharging injection wells pump water into the Question 17 a.saturated zone b.water table c.layer of aeration d.capillary fringe e. zone of aeration

35 Recharging injection wells pump water into the Question 17 a.saturated zone (37, 2, 2)

36 The formation of the line of Indonesian volcanoes occurs at the Question 18 a.transform fault margin in the continental crust b.convergent margin in the ocean-ocean crust c.convergent margin between two continents d.divergent margin in the continental crust e.divergent margin in the oceanic crust

37 The formation of the line of Indonesian volcanoes occurs at the Question 18 b.convergent margin in the ocean-ocean crust (83, 2, 3)

38 The process driving in the scientific method is Question 19 a.linear b.random c.recursive d.infallible e.counter-intuitive

39 The process driving in the scientific method is Question 19 c.recursive (8, 1, 1 & 4`)

40 Oil is trapped underground by layers of impermeable Question 20 a.limestone b.sandstone c.granite d.dolomite e.shale

41 Oil is trapped underground by layers of impermeable Question 20 e.shale (92, figure)

42 Which world capital has been most dramatically affected by land subsidence? Question 21 a.Washington, D.C., U.S.A b.Paris, France c.Mexico City, Mexico d.Ottawa, Canada e.Canberra, Australia

43 Which world capital has been most dramatically affected by land subsidence? Question 21 c.Mexico City, Mexico (38, 1, 2)

44 Which of the following is MOST likely to be larger than Earth? Question 22 a.planetesimal b.carbonaceous chondrule c.protoplanet d.Earths moon e.Mars

45 Which of the following is MOST likely to be larger than Earth? Question 22 c.protoplanet (11, 1, 3)

46 Which of the following consist largely of sand and silt? Question 23 a.delta front b.inactive delta lobes c.delta plain bed d.pro-delta deposit e.sub-delta marine deposits

47 Which of the following consist largely of sand and silt? Question 23 c.delta plain bed (54, 2, 1)

48 In 2004, which country led the world in global oil consumption? Question 24 a.Canada b.China c.Russia d.United States e.India

49 In 2004, which country led the world in global oil consumption? Question 24 d.United States (94, 1, 1)

50 Which of the following is widely accepted to form at an early stage in the formation of planets in our solar system? Question 25 a.planetesimals b.meteorites c.asteroids d. chondrites e. contractive collision

51 Which of the following is widely accepted to form at an early stage in the formation of planets in our solar system? Question 25 a.planetesimals (8, 2, 3)

52 The carbonate rocks are MOST readily attacked by the process of Question 26 a.cementing b.dissolution c.replacement d.percolation e.surface erosion

53 The carbonate rocks are MOST readily attacked by the process of Question 26 b.dissolution (42, 2,1)

54 Walthers law, relating to the manner in which vertical sedimentary deposition occurs, suggests which of the following would be on the bottom of the vertical stack formed from a meandering river? Question 27 a.fine mud b.channel gravel c.floodplain d. coarse gravel e.point-bar deposition

55 Walthers law, relating to the manner in which vertical sedimentary deposition occurs, suggests which of the following would be on the bottom of the vertical stack formed from a meandering river? Question 27 d. coarse gravel (53, figure)

56 The rock cycle can BEST be described by which order of events? Question 28 a.plutonism, uplift, weathering and erosion, burial and lithification, metamorphism b. metamorphism, weathering and erosion, plutonism, uplift c. uplift, metamorphism, burial and lithification, plutonism d. weathering and erosion, plutonism, metamorphism, uplift e. burial and lithification, plutonism, uplift, metamorphism, erosion

57 The rock cycle can BEST be described by which order of events? Question 28 a.plutonism, uplift, weathering and erosion, burial and lithification, metamorphism (18, 2, 5)

58 The Himalayas were formed at the Question 29 a.transform fault margin in the continental crust b.convergent margin in the ocean-ocean crust c.convergent margin between two continents d.divergent margin in the continental crust e.divergent margin in the oceanic crust

59 The Himalayas were formed at the Question 29 c.convergent margin between two continents (83, 2, 3)

60 A sinkhole karst terrain is LEAST likely to be found Question 30 a.on the outskirts of Mexico City b.in southern Indiana c.in south-central Kentucky d.on the island of Jamaica e. in central Tennessee

61 A sinkhole karst terrain is LEAST likely to be found Question 30 a.on the outskirts of Mexico City (43, 2, 2)

62 What name is given to the soft, brownish-black form of coal composed of 70 percent carbon? Question 31 a.lignite b.bituminous coal c.anthracite d.natural bitumen e.peat

63 What name is given to the soft, brownish-black form of coal composed of 70 percent carbon? Question 31 a.lignite (96, 2, 3)

64 Before the nineteenth century, many learned men and women rejected knowledge based on Question 32 a.thought b.philosophy c.reason d.insight e.observation

65 Before the nineteenth century, many learned men and women rejected knowledge based on Question 32 e.observation (5, 1, 2)

66 Which of the following is specifically derived from the bacterial decay of plant debris? Question 33 a.caliche b.laterite c.humus d.till e.varve

67 Which of the following is specifically derived from the bacterial decay of plant debris? Question 33 c.humus (49, 1, 1)

68 What, according to Carolyn C. Porco, provides the closest example of celestial disks? Question 34 a.planetary rings b.comet trails c.meteoric crystals d.mini-asteroids e.frozen fog and sleet

69 What, according to Carolyn C. Porco, provides the closest example of celestial disks? Question 34 a.planetary rings (10, 2, 2)

70 Laterally-migrating depositional environments produce vertical stacking of sedimentary rock units, according to Question 35 a.Hubberts peak b. Walthers law c. stabilization wedge d. residence time e. carbon sequestration

71 Laterally-migrating depositional environments produce vertical stacking of sedimentary rock units, according to Question 35 b.Walthers law (54, 1, 2)

72 According to the estimates of astrophysicist Douglas Lin, the formation of the earth from planetesimals likely took about Question 36 a.five billion years b.a billion years c.a hundred million years d.ten million years e.a million years

73 According to the estimates of astrophysicist Douglas Lin, the formation of the earth from planetesimals likely took about Question 36 e.a million years (10, 2, 1)

74 The observational phase of the scientific method MOST directly results in Question 37 a. theory formulation b. pattern identification c. hypothesis revision d. retesting and reevaluation e. acceptance of new paradigms

75 The observational phase of the scientific method MOST directly results in Question 37 b. pattern identification (5, 2, 3)

76 Which of the following deposits typically occurs along channels of a meandering river? Question 38 a.backswamp b.natural levee c.point bar d.distributary channel e.delta

77 Which of the following deposits typically occurs along channels of a meandering river? Question 38 b.natural levee (53, 2, 1)

78 Hypotheses may receive support or falsification from Question 39 a. preconceptions b. laws of nature c.experimental tests d. conclusions e. paradigms

79 Hypotheses may receive support or falsification from Question 39 c.experimental tests (7, 1, 1)

80 Douglas Lin characterizes the formative stage of the solar system as Question 40 a.sustained and mysterious b.violent and interminable c.passive and intermittent d.symbiotic and restrained e.brief and turbulent

81 Douglas Lin characterizes the formative stage of the solar system as Question 40 e.brief and turbulent (9, 1, 2)

82 When fresh water is withdrawn from a coastal aquifer at a faster rate than it can be replenished and the water table has a resulting decrease in the overall hydrostatic pressure, what phenomenon results? Question 41 a. seafloor spreading b. salt-water intrusion c. meandering rivers d. stromatolite formation e. turbidity currents

83 When fresh water is withdrawn from a coastal aquifer at a faster rate than it can be replenished and the water table has a resulting decrease in the overall hydrostatic pressure, what phenomenon results? Question 41 b. salt-water intrusion (36, 2, 2)

84 Oil and natural gas are associated with Question 42 a.organic, or clastic rock b.metamorphic rock c.intrusive igneous rock d.extrusive igneous rock e.sedimentary river rock

85 Oil and natural gas are associated with Question 42 a.organic, or clastic rock (12, 1, 3)

86 A depositional environment characterized by ribbon like channels that migrate laterally toward the outsides of curves is called a Question 43 a.braided stream b.backswamp c.point bar d.meandering river e.prodelta bed

87 A depositional environment characterized by ribbon like channels that migrate laterally toward the outsides of curves is called a Question 43 d.meandering river (53, 1, 3)

88 Uplift is MOST likely to occur in which of the following plate-tectonic settings? Question 44 a. a divergent boundary at a mid-ocean ridge b. by subsidence of an oceanic plate c. at a hot spot or mantle plume in the interior of a continent d. at a convergent boundary where continents collide e. on a fracture zone formed by sliding plates

89 Uplift is MOST likely to occur in which of the following plate-tectonic settings? Question 44 d. at a convergent boundary where continents collide (83, 2, 1)

90 An analysis of freezing points of mineral grains in carbonaceous chondritic crystals reveals the Question 45 a.age of the solar system b.sustainability of the solar system c.approximate date of solar system creation d.environmental temperatures during planet formation e.temperature of each specific planets environment

91 An analysis of freezing points of mineral grains in carbonaceous chondritic crystals reveals the Question 45 d.environmental temperatures during planet formation (9, 8)


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