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S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Managing a Multi-Function Radar from an operational perspective Fok Bolderheij (Capt. RNLN, PhD) Netherlands.

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Presentation on theme: "S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Managing a Multi-Function Radar from an operational perspective Fok Bolderheij (Capt. RNLN, PhD) Netherlands."— Presentation transcript:

1 S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Managing a Multi-Function Radar from an operational perspective Fok Bolderheij (Capt. RNLN, PhD) Netherlands Defence Academy

2 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Contents RNLN requirements leading to MFR procurement MFR Management Issues Integration of Sensor Management into C2 Three Stage Sensor Management Concept Use of Sensor Performance Models Simulation Results

3 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Evolving Threat Multiple Threats Different Target Characteristics Velocity Manoeuvrability Radar Cross Section Altitude Environmental Conditions Meteorology Geography Oceanography Electronic Counter Measures

4 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Evolutional Design….. Picture: courtesy Thales NNL

5 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Solution : APAR MFR

6 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Multifunctionality Picture: courtesy Thales NNL Search Functions Horizon Search Short Range Horizon Search Limited Volume Search Cued Search Helicopter Search Track Functions Surface Tracks Air Tracks Helicopter Tracks Weapon Control Surface gun fire control Missile Guidance

7 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Time – Energy Budget Face 1 occupation time 100% 0% Allocation of EM energy to specific MFR functions Horizon search Short range search Limited volume search Confirmation Cued Search Target designation Air track Weapon (target) track Missile track Missile Acquisition Midcourse guidance Terminal illumination

8 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management MFR Management Issues 1.Allocation of the Time Energy Budget (TEB) : the EM energy available and the related time for surveillance, tracking and weapon control functions is only limited available functions have to be prioritised 2.Operational restrictions like Rules of Engagement or Emission Control plans have to be taken in to account 3.Each function has to be optimised with respect to a specific task and the environmental conditions 4.Many degrees of Freedom: Complex Human Machine Interface

9 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management when to use which sensor and sensor function for picture compilation or weapon control while taking into account: Emission Control plans Rules of Engagement how to set a sensor for optimal results with respect to the mission objectives and meteorological/ geographical conditions Operator Decisions : Sensor Management

10 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Sensor Management System Sensor C2 System Operator Sensor Settings Sensor Observations Mission Related Information Common Operational Picture Sensor Management Context Diagram

11 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management ObserveOrient Decide Act Sensor Management Processes Sensor Picture Compilation Processes Operational Picture Command and Control (I)

12 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management OP Object Properties state vector (position, velocity, acceleration) type/class identity …… Basic OP object attributes: related uncertainties

13 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Prior Information Expected state vector (position, velocity, acceleration, direction, ….) type/class identity …… Compilation of Virtual Objects: Structured use of Intelligence

14 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Sensor DetectTrackClassifyIdentify Determine Threat Recognise Intent Operational Picture Construct Task (Monitor) Select Resource Control Resource System Knowledge Env. Knowledge Mission Knowledge Resource Management Picture Compilation WeaponC4IPlatformCrew Plan Plans Evaluate Estimate Risk Analyse Behaviour Fuse Mine Data Mission Management Command and Control (II)

15 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Time slice Intend to Launch Able to Launch Target Detected 2 Intend to Home Hard Kill Soft Kill Missile in Launcher Missile in Flight Missile Homing Missile Detonated Missile Crashed Missile Destroyed Time slice In Range Target Detected 1 Missile Killed Task Priorisation Dynamic Bayesian Network Range Time Conflict Level

16 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Sensor Management Three Sensor Management Stages : 1.Analyse the contents of the Operational Picture w.r.t. uncertainty, missing information Construct Task 2.Determine which of the available sensors is the most appropriate Select Sensor 3.Optimise the selected sensor for this task Control Sensor

17 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Knowledge about the Target (Mission) Knowledge about the Environment Knowledge about the System Required Knowledge

18 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Sensor Performance Models No detection due to multipath No detection due to Radar horizon Knowledge about the system Knowledge about the Target Knowledge about the Environment Cone of Silence

19 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Model Utilisation Sensor Performance Analysis Performance Optimisation Sensor Selection Mechanism

20 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Performance Visualisation

21 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Orange Country SSM site 1 (70,55) SSM site 2 (80,115) Carrier (135,100) x-pos (km) y-pos (km) ADCF (90,0) Simulation

22 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Function Selection and Budget Allocation

23 EuMW 2012 Amsterdam, 28 Oct – 2 Nov S05: Principles of Radar Resources Management Summary Sensor Management has to be integrated in C2 The Operational Picture is the basis of Sensor Management Not Functions, but Tasks are prioritised Validated Performance Models required Use of Environmental Information Autonomous Adaptive Sensor Deployment is feasible


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