Presentation on theme: "Lisa Allen, Ed. D. Assistant Professor Campbellsville University"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lisa Allen, Ed. D. Assistant Professor Campbellsville University Classroom Management Techniques that Create Safe and Inclusive Learning EnvironmentsLisa Allen, Ed. D.Assistant ProfessorCampbellsville University
2 Classroom Management Defined Write a definition of classroom management that you feel clarifies its key intent, elements, and principles.Explain to a new teacher what classroom management is in terms of what he/she will be doing in the classroom—and why. The definition should help the new teacher develop an image of classroom management in action.Develop a metaphor, analogy, or visual symbol that you think represents and clarifies what’s important to understand about classroom management.
5 Extent of the ProblemDiscipline and violence rated most serious problem facing American public schools. Lack of financial support and discipline most serious problem facing today’s schools. Delta Kappa-Gallop Poll, 2008Fighting/violence/gangs cited as 4th most serious concern. Rose and Gallop, 2008Nonfatal crimes decreased 62 percent in 2007 from previous six years.Threats have remained the same—eight percent of school population reported being threatened or injured with a weapon.25 percent of high school students report that drugs were made available to them.
6 2007 Indicator of School Crime and Safety Report 18 percent principals/teachers report disrespectNine percent report verbal abuseTwo percent report widespread classroom disorderEight percent secondary and four percent elementary report actual physical attack by student
7 BullyingNational Institute of Child Health and Human Development reportOne in five fifth through tenth graders report they bully classmates.National Center for Educational Statistics indicate:28 percent of students report being bullied in the past six months53 percent have been bullied once or twice in a six month period.25 percent said they were bullied once or twice a month.11 percent reported being bullied once or twice a week.Eight percent report they are bullied daily.79 percent report being bullied on school grounds.Older students report less bullying.Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender students are bullied the most.
8 Effective TeachersResearch demonstrates that, “effective teachers appear to be effective with all students of all achievement levels regardless of the heterogeneity of their classes,” (Marzano, 2003).
10 Prosocial vs. Rewards and Punishment Methods of Classroom Management Prosocial Behavior MethodsIncreased self esteem and self awarenessAcknowledges and validates student’s feelingsLarger investment of time for the teacherFocuses on the well being of the childTeacher models prosocial behavior in a safe, collaborative environmentBehavior problems are viewed as learning opportunitiesProblem solving and social competence skills transfer into the world outside the classroom/schoolRespects diverse culturesRewards and Punishment MethodsStudents who are able to maneuver this system feel successfulEffectively controls student behavior in the short termLess time consumingFocuses on the smooth running of the classroomTeacher is dominant figure in classroom managementBehavior problems are viewed as interruptionsOften incongruent with child’s life outside of the classroomDoes not take into account diversity
11 Four Knowledge and Skill Areas of Classroom Management It should be based on current research and theory and students’ personal and psychological needs.It depends on creating a positive learning environment of community support based on positive teacher-student and peer relationships and positive relationships with students’ families.It involves instructional excellence by utilizing strategies that meet the academic needs of individual students and the group.It involves utilizing a wide range of counseling and behavioral methods that involve students in self monitoring and self correcting.
12 Six Basic Assumptions about Classroom Management It is about creating a safe, comfortable learning environment for all students.It is directly linked to effective instruction.It enhances student ownership, responsibility, and personal efficacy regarding their own learning.It involves developing new behavior skills for working collaboratively.It requires teachers to reflect on their values and beliefs regarding working with students.It is both professional and personal integration of professional knowledge and skills with students’ individual needs.
13 Factors that Influence Classroom Management Decisions Teacher’s Cultural Background and Personal HistoryTraditional—Teacher as authority figure, strict rules, clear and escalating responses to student behaviorLiberal Progressive—Teacher involves students indecision making and problem solvingSocially Critical—Student misbehavior viewed as aresponse to failure to meet their learning needs
14 Teacher’s Beliefs Regarding the Goals of Schooling Do you believe schools should teach morality and values?Do you believe it is possible to teach students contentonly?What morals and values may we be unconsciouslyteaching students?
15 Activity 1: Group Discussion What is the most common cause of student misbehavior?When students misbehave, what type of teacher response or consequence is the most effective? Why?As a parent or someone caring for children outside of a school setting, how do I usually respond to a behavior problem?How do my current responses relate to those that were used with me when I was growing up?
16 ResourcesJones, V. & Jones, L. (2010). Comprehensive Classroom Management: Creating Communities of Support and Solving Problems. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merrill. Lake, V. (2004). Ante up: Reconsidering classroom management philosophies so every child is a winner. Early Child Development and Care, 174(6), Marzano, R. (2003). Classroom Management that Works. Alexandria, Virginia: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Twain, N. (Producer). (1989). Lean on Me [Motion picture]. [With M. Freeman, B. Todd, & R. Guillaume]. United States: Warner Bros. Pictures.