Presentation on theme: "An Introduction to Multicultural Education"— Presentation transcript:
1An Introduction to Multicultural Education James Banks2002
2Dimensions and School Characteristics Five Dimensions:Content integrationThe knowledge construction processPrejudice reductionAn equity pedagogyAn empowering school culture and social structure
3Dimensions and School Characteristics Content IntegrationThe extent to which teachers use examples and content from a variety of cultures and groups to illustrate key concepts, principles, generalizations, and theories in their subject area or discipline.
4Dimensions and School Characteristics The Knowledge Construction ProcessThe extent to which teachers help students to understand, investigate, and determine how the implicit cultural perspectives, and biases within a discipline influence the ways in which knowledge is constructed within it.
5Dimensions and School Characteristics Prejudice ReductionThe characteristics of students’ racial attitudes and how they can be modified by teaching methods and materials.
6Dimensions and School Characteristics An Equity PedagogyTeachers modify their teaching in ways that will facilitate the academic achievement of students from diverse racial, cultural, and social-class groups.
7Dimensions and School Characteristics An Empowering School Culture and Social StructureA school culture that empowers students from diverse racial, ethnic, and cultural groups.
8Eight Characteristics of a the Multicultural School Attitudes, perceptions, and beliefs, and actions of the school staffFormalized curriculum and course of studyLearning, teaching, and cultural styles favored by the schoolLanguages and dialects of the school
9Eight Characteristics of a the Multicultural School 5. Instructional materials6. Assessment and testing procedures7. The school culture and the hidden curriculum8. The counseling program
10Curriculum Transformation Students and teachers make paradigm shifts and view the American and world experience from the perspectives of different racial, ethnic, cultural, and gender groups.
11Curriculum Transformation Goal of multicultural education:1. To increase educational equality for both gender groups, for students from diverse ethnic and cultural groups, and for exceptional students and2. To develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to survive and function effectively in a diverse global world3. To develop cross-cultural competencies
12Curriculum Transformation Transformation of assumptions, beliefs, and structures, within schools regardingHow students learnHuman abilitiesThe nature of knowledge
13Curriculum Transformation Four levels of a transformed curriculum;The contributions approachThe additive approachThe transformation approachThe social action approach
14Curriculum Transformation The contributions approachFocuses on holidays, heroes, and discrete cultural elements
15Curriculum Transformation The additive approachContent, concepts, themes, and perspectives are added to the curriculum without changing its structure
16Curriculum Transformation The transformation approachThe structure of the curriculum is changed to enable students to view concepts, issues, events, and themes from the perspective of diverse ethnic and cultural groups.
17Curriculum Transformation The social action approachStudents make decisions on important social issues and take actions to help solve them.
18Curriculum Transformation teaches studentsto know,to care, andto act!