Presentation on theme: "Rural livelihoods in eastern India and Bangladesh Anton Immink Aquaculture and Fish Genetics Research Programme DFID Institute of Aquaculture University."— Presentation transcript:
Rural livelihoods in eastern India and Bangladesh Anton Immink Aquaculture and Fish Genetics Research Programme DFID Institute of Aquaculture University of Stirling
Contents Overview of the region Eastern India –traditional farming system Bangladesh –regional variation –traditional farming system Concluding comments Slide show
Farming system - eastern India Poor, upland soils in plateau area Small farm area, on average 2 acres No mechanisation, cattle and human power Seasonal reliance on nature Usually just one crop of rice (July- November). Second crop possibly wheat Vegetables close to towns/cities where water permits from tubewells by hand
Farming systems - Bangladesh Rich, alluvial, flood plain soils (mostly) Small farm area, on average 2 acres Some mechanisation Highly adapted farming system, integrated Usually two rice crops (July-Nov, Dec-May). Second crop may be irrigated Vegetables close to towns/cities where water permits from tubewells by pump Very high population density (labour, market)
Livelihood activities - by wealth Better-offPoorer
Differences Upland Eastern India Upland, poor, free draining mud, with tiles No mechanisation one crop wheat, vegetables limited (seasonal) forest and fish Bangladesh Floodplain, rich, good water-holding bamboo or tin pumps and cultivators two crops sugar cane, jute, veg widespread, developed fish only (very reliant) land house tools rice crops aquacu -lture wild
Similarities Rice-based farming systems, above all else Fish - significant cultural and dietary importance Arts - Bengalis known to be the most intellectual and artistic culture in the Subcontinent (lifes easy) Poverty - labourers earn less than £1/day Climatic extremes (wettest and driest)
This work was supported by the Aquaculture and Fish Genetics Research Programme (DFID/Stirling University). In partnership with: India - Gramin Vikas Trust; Bangladesh - Intermediate Technology Development Group. http://www.dfid.stir.ac.uk/afgrp Thank you for your time.
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