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Safety Training For SUNY Oswego Staff

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1 Safety Training For SUNY Oswego Staff
Presented by SUNY Oswego Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Department February 2011

2 AGENDA Emergency Contact Information Regulations Hazard Communication Fire Safety Bloodborne Pathogens Slips, Trips and Falls Ergonomics Lockout Tagout (LOTO) Asbestos Awareness QUIZ – Please remember to take the quiz to document your training.

3 In case of emergency please call University Police at 5555
Emergency Contact Information In case of emergency please call University Police at 5555

4 REGULATIONS - Agencies
Worker Safety Regulations are enforced through the following agencies: OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health NYSDOL – NYS Department of Labor PESH – Public Employee Safety and Health (a division of NYS Department of Safety and Health)

5 REGULATIONS - PESH PESH oversees workplace protection of public employees at the State and local level. The PESH program inspects workplaces, equipment and work procedures to ensure that they meet OSHA standards. Safety and Health Inspectors and Industrial Hygienists also investigate complaints of discriminatory actions taken against employees by their employers when related to safety and health activities. Public employers violating PESH laws are issued compliance orders and can be assessed civil penalties for non-compliance. The PESH program also provides safety and health consultation services to public employers.

6 HAZARD COMMUNICATION The Hazard Communication Standard is based on a simple concept: “Employees have both a need and a right to know the hazards they are exposed to when working.” 5 components of HAZCOMM: Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Labeling of Chemical Substances Hazard Determination Written HAZCOMM plan Employee Information and Training

SOME EXAMPLES OF CHEMICAL HAZARDS ARE: Corrosive (Acid/Base) – Irritates or burns skin or eyes Toxic – May cause illness or death Flammable - Readily catches on fire Reactive – May react dangerously when mixed with incompatible substances Compressed gas –Extreme pressure may be released Radioactive –Living tissues in the human body may be damaged Carcinogen – May cause cancer

8 HAZCOMM - MSDS Material safety data sheets (MSDS) are documents that contain information necessary for recognizing hazards of materials. It is your right to see a MSDS for any product you use. Custodial chemical MSDS are located in every building in the custodial break area. MSDS for the sciences, art and technology departments are kept in each department. Contact the EHS Department to request MSDS for other products.

9 HAZCOMM – MSDS Not all MSDS are organized similarly, but all must contain the following information: Identity Section tells you chemical name(s), how to contact manufacturer, and emergency numbers. Hazardous Ingredients Section contains the names of all hazardous ingredients and recommended safe exposure limits. Physical / Chemical Characteristics Section describes identifying information such as chemical odor(s), appearance, pH, boiling point, etc.

10 HAZCOMM – MSDS (cont.) Health Hazard Section gives you information on:
Routes of entry - how the chemical gets into your body (inhalation, ingestion, absorption) Health Hazards - acute and chronic effects Carcinogenicity Signs and symptoms of exposure Emergency first aid measures

11 HAZCOMM – MSDS (cont.) Fire and Explosion Section tells you how flammable the substance is and special hazards or fire-fighting procedures to be aware of. Reactivity Section explains the conditions or other chemicals that this substance should be kept away from.

12 HAZCOMM – MSDS (cont.) Precautions for Safe Handling and Use Section gives you instructions on the correct way to handle, store, clean up spills and leaks and dispose of the chemical. Control Measures Section describes what engineering controls, work methods, or Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) are needed to safely use the substance.

13 Please label all of bottles and containers.
HAZCOMM - Labeling The labels found on containers for chemicals with hazardous ingredients will have the following information: Identity Safe Handling/Storage Procedures First Aid Treatment Health/Physical Hazard(s) Manufacturer Primary Hazard(s) Do not remove this label. If a label falls off please replace it with a label that has all the required information listed above. Please label all of bottles and containers. If needed, contact EHS for assistance at x2770 or x3150

14 HAZCOMM - Labeling The HMIS labeling system is used to quickly identify the general levels of hazard for a chemical.

15 HAZCOMM – Written Plan and Training
Hazard Determination – EHS staff evaluate every job position for potential hazards faced. Written Plan – EHS maintains a written Hazard Communication Plan. Training – NYS requires that every employee complete Right to Know training every year.

16 Fire Safety – Prevention
Do not store paper, cardboard, clothing, plastic or other combustible items within 2 feet of the ceiling. Do not overload electrical outlets Do not block fire extinguishers Keep clutter to a minimum. Report any exposed or damaged electrical wires to maintenance at x3200 Fire in Wilber Hall in May 2006 due to damaged electrical wiring. Thanks to the fire alarm system and a fast response from University Police and the Oswego Fire Dept., the fire was put out quickly.

17 Fire Safety – Prevention
Use only UL approved portable heaters with tip-over safety features. Do not place them within 3 feet of paper, cardboard, clothing, plastic of other combustibles. Do not leave unattended. This portable heater caught on fire in Penfield Library in the Spring of 2005.

18 FIRE SAFETY - Evacuation
In the event of a fire (or other emergency evacuation) remember to: R.A.C.E. Rescue children or persons requiring help. Alert others in the area by yelling “Fire” and/or pulling the fire alarm. Contain by closing doors or windows . Evacuate the building.

19 FIRE SAFETY – Extinguisher Use
NOTE! You are not required to put out a fire with an extinguisher. Your primary responsibility is to evacuate the building. If you find yourself trapped in a burning building, a fire extinguisher may come in handy to clear an exit route. If you choose to use a fire extinguisher remember to P.A.S.S. Pull the pin Aim the nozzle Squeeze the handle Sweep – use a sweeping motion NOTE! – Your typical CO2 extinguisher only has seconds of discharge time!


Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria that are carried in blood and can cause disease in people such as malaria, syphilis, and brucellosis, but Hepatitis B (HBV) and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are the two diseases specifically addressed by the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard. The Hepatitis B virus is very durable, and it can survive in dried blood for up to seven days. For this reason, this virus is the primary concern for employees such as housekeepers, custodians, laundry personnel and other employees in a non first-aid or medical care situation. The HIV virus is very fragile and will not survive very long outside of the human body. It is primarily of concern to employees providing first aid or medical care in situations involving fresh blood or other potentially infectious materials.

Bloodborne pathogens can be transmitted through contact with infected human blood and other potentially infectious body fluids such as: any body fluid with visible blood any unidentifiable body fluid Feces and vomit should also be considered potentially infectious, since they may contain blood which is not easily visible. blood semen vaginal secretions cerebrospinal fluid synovial fluid Pleural fluid saliva from dental procedures Body fluids generally NOT considered potentially infectious include nasal secretions, sputum, sweat, tears, and urine

23 BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS – Transmission (cont)
Unbroken skin forms an impervious barrier against bloodborne pathogens. However, infected blood can enter your system through: Open sores Cuts Abrasions Acne Any sort of damaged or broken skin such as sunburn or blisters Bloodborne pathogens may also be transmitted through the mucous membranes of the Eyes Nose Mouth For example, a splash of contaminated blood to your eye, nose, or mouth could result in transmission.

Whether or not you think the blood/body fluid is infected with bloodborne pathogens, you treat it as if it is. Call 911 in an emergency. For minor incidents have the victim self treat (i.e. put on their own band-aid). Contact the custodial crew for proper clean-up.

25 SLIPS TRIPS FALLS You take hundreds of steps every day, but how many of those steps do you take seriously?

26 SLIPS TRIPS FALLS SLIP: to slide along smoothly resulting in a sudden mishap. Weather conditions may cause the floors to be wet or the ground to be icy. Watch were you are stepping and use caution on wet floors and ice to avoid slipping. Report all potential slip/trip conditions to Maintenance at x3200

27 SLIPS TRIPS FALLS TRIP: to catch the foot on something so as to stumble. Damaged steps or misplaced items are major factors in trips. Make sure that steps you use are in good shape and clear of items. Use handrails when ascending or descending stairs.

28 FALL: to descend freely by the force of gravity.
SLIPS TRIPS FALLS FALL: to descend freely by the force of gravity. Eliminate the hazard when possible (i.e. broken chair, unstable ladder, etc). Only use ladders that are in good condition and have a sticker indicating the maximum weight allowed. Practice good judgement - Don’t lean back in chairs, don’t climb on unstable shelving or tables.

Prevent a potential injury by cleaning up spills and wet floors. Keep isles and walkways clear of clutter or obstructions. Pick up objects and move extension cords to eliminate the potential for injury.

If something is creating a potential slip, trip, or fall hazard fix it (clean it up - move it). Place signs to warn others of the potential hazard. If you can not fix it - Place a work order so that Facilities Management (x3200) is aware of the problem.

31 Can be serious, if not taken care of early
ERGONOMICS Ergonomics means “fitting the job to the worker” The prevention of Work-related Musculo Skeletal Disorders (WMSDs). Also known as: Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSIs) Overuse injuries Usually develop gradually, but sometimes can appear suddenly Can be serious, if not taken care of early

32 ERGONOMICS – Causes of WMSDs
Risk Factors Awkward Postures High Hand Force Repetitive Motions Repeated Impacts Heavy, Frequent, or Awkward Lifting Moderate to High Hand-Arm Vibration There are many things that everyone does on the job and at home that could contribute to a WMSD if they are done for long enough periods of time. These activities are called “risk factors.” Risk factors include… working in awkward postures, using high hand force, performing repetitive motions, using your hand or knee to make repeated impacts, heavy, frequent or awkward lifting, and exposure to moderate to high levels of vibration.

33 ERGONOMICS - Risk Factors
Risk of injury depends upon: Duration - usually need hours of exposure before risk factors become a concern. Can be all at one time or cumulative over the day Frequency - how often Intensity - how much Just because your job has risk factors, doesn’t mean that you’re going to have a WMSD, though. In fact, a little bit of exposure to some risk factors can actually be good for you. Occasionally moving into awkward postures like reaching or bending will help to stretch and exercise your muscles. Similarly, if you occasionally do some lifting, especially if you do it properly, it can help to strengthen your muscles. This is the whole point behind exercising. Whether or not a risk factor will result in a WMSD depends on… the duration, or how long you are exposed to it, the frequency, or how often you are exposed to it and how much rest you get in between the intensity, or how much of the risk factor there is (for example, how heavy is the object you lift, or how far over you have to bend to pick it up), and combinations of risk factors, where you are exposed to more than one risk factor at a time. The more risk factors you have at once, the more likely an injury will occur.

34 ERGONOMICS - Symptoms of WMSDs
Discomfort Pain Numbness Tingling Burning Swelling Change in color Tightness, loss of flexibility WMSDs have many different symptoms, many of which you may have experienced at one time or another. These include… discomfort, pain, numbness, tingling or burning sensations, swelling and inflammation, changes in skin color, and tight muscles or loss of flexibility in a joint. Having one or more of these symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have an injury, though. Everyone has had muscle aches or stiffness after working or exercising hard, especially when you’re not used to it. Usually these symptoms go away as you rest or as you get used to the work. That’s different from symptoms of injury, which last longer or include things like numbness and tingling that mean something more serious might be going on. Sometimes these symptoms might make it difficult to do your job or things around the house, or they might wake you up at night and keep you from getting a good night’s sleep. The important thing is not to ignore what your body is trying to tell you. Often simple changes to the way you work are all that are necessary to prevent these symptoms from becoming a WMSD.

35 ERGONOMICS - Prevention
Use macros for common functions Spread keyboard work throughout the day Take stretch pauses Improve your posture and move around as much as possible Stretch each day to stay flexible STRETCH There are several things you can do to reduce risk of injury from intensive keying, including: Spread keyboard work throughout the day Use macros for common functions (macros are small programs on your computer that automate repetitive key strokes) Take stretch pauses Improve your posture (remember neutral posture?) and move around as much as possible You can apply these same principles when using your computer at home, too.

36 Reduce awkward postures
ERGONOMICS - Prevention Tilt or rotate the work Change workstation heights & display heights Use platforms Bring items within easy reach Pause to stretch Some jobs will always require awkward postures, but many can be done with fewer awkward postures or none at all with a few simple fixes. These include things like: Changing the height of a workstation or display Tilting or rotating the work to a better position Standing on a platform to bring you up closer to the work, or putting your work on a platform to bring it closer to you. Bringing items within easy reach Pause to stretch every once in a while if you do have to work in an awkward posture for any length of time Reduce awkward postures

37 LOCKOUT / TAGOUT When equipment has to be serviced this program prevents the unexpected start up of equipment, or release of stored energy that could cause injury Hazardous energy = mechanical, hydraulic, electrical, gas, pneumatic, chemical, thermal, etc.

38 LOCKOUT / TAGOUT Never remove a Lock or a Tag. Only the person who put the lock and/or tag on may remove it. Contact information should be located on the tag. Or call Maintenance at x3200 .

39 ASBESTOS AWARENESS Asbestos is a generic term for group of minerals known for their strength, flame/heat resistance, & indestructible qualities. Asbestos fiber bundles can split with small fine fibers breaking away. If inhaled the body is able to resist most of the large particles, but the smaller fibers can lodge deep in the lungs.

This can cause these diseases: LUNG CANCER ASBESTOSIS MESOTHELIOMA Your chance of getting an asbestos–related disease depends on the dose: the concentration of asbestos in the air and the duration of exposure. This means that the more asbestos you inhale (dose), the greater your risk of contracting an asbestos–related disease.

41 ASBESTOS PRODUCTS Typical asbestos containing materials found on campus are: Pipe and equipment Insulation Transite wall or ceiling panels Some wall, ceiling and acoustical plasters Spray on fireproofing Floor tiles Fire doors Mastic (glues on moldings, ceiling tiles, floor tiles, etc) Roofing material Putties and caulks Gaskets NOTE: Your own home may contain many of these materials also. Asbestos is typically found in homes built before the 1980’s. Asbestos is still found in currently manufactured items such as roofing materials and automobile brakes.

42 ASBESTOS AWARENESS Asbestos is found in 9 inch by 9 inch floor tile that was manufactured before 1981 Asbestos is found in mechanical rooms around joints such as pipe elbows or fittings – (areas marked in red).

This is not a pipe insulation that contains asbestos. It is fiberglass

A Friable (easily crumbled in your hand) material is more dangerous (e.g. insulation). A Non-Friable (not easily crumbled) is not as dangerous (e.g. floor tile, mastic). If the Material is in good condition e.g. sealed, painted, it is not a risk to your health.

45 Contact Information For additional information please do not hesitate to contact the EHS office in Lee Hall. Director: Eric Foertch x3150 Occupational Safety and Training Coordinator: Christine Body x2770

46 THANK YOU Thank you for participating in the EHS department Right to Know Training. To document the training, we are asking you to complete the quiz located on our website.

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