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© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Chapter 13 Promotion of Safety
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning 13:1 Using Body Mechanics Good body mechanics prevents strain Muscles work best when they are always used correctly Correct use of muscles makes lifting, pulling, and pushing easier Prevents unnecessary fatigue and strain and saves energy Prevents injury to self and others
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Rules of Good Body Mechanics Maintain a broad base of support Bend from the hips and knees to get close to an object Always use the strongest muscles to do the job Use the weight of your body to help push or pull an object Carry heavy objects close to the body (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Rules of Good Body Mechanics (continued) Avoid twisting your body as you work Avoid bending for long periods of time Get help if a patient or object is too heavy to lift alone Use assistive equipment when needed (e.g., mechanical lifts, transfer [gait] belts, wheelchairs)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Back Supports Required by many health care facilities To be worn when lifting or moving Effectiveness is controversial, reminds wearer to use body mechanics Should be correct size in order to provide the maximum benefit It should fit snugly when needed and can be loosened at other times
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning 13:2 Preventing Accidents and Injuries Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) –Division of the Department of Labor –Establishes and enforces safety standards in the workplace –Two main standards that affect health care: The Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals Standard The Bloodborne Pathogen Standard (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Preventing Accidents and Injuries (continued) Two standards that affect health care workers: –The Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals Standard –The Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals The Standard requires employers to inform employees of all chemicals and hazards in workplace All manufacturers must provide Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) with any hazardous product they sell Specific information has to be provided on the MSDS Training for employees
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Bloodborne Pathogen Standard Contains mandates to protect health care providers from diseases caused by exposure to body fluids Diseases that can be contracted by exposure to body fluids include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and AIDS
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Ergonomics Applied science to promote the safety and well-being of a person by adapting the environment and using techniques to prevent injuries
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Components of Ergonomics Correct placement of furniture and equipment Training in muscle movements Efforts to avoid repetitive motions An awareness of the environment to prevent injuries (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Components of Ergonomics (continued) Prevention of accident and injury Centers around people and the immediate environment Health care worker must follow safety regulations Remember, health care workers have a legal responsibility to protect the patient from harm and injury
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Equipment and Solutions Regulations Do not operate or use any equipment until you have been trained on how to use it Read and follow operating instructions Report any damaged or malfunctioning equipment immediately Do not use frayed or damaged electrical cords (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Equipment and Solutions Regulations (continued) Observe all safety rules Read MSDSs Never use solutions that are from unlabeled bottles Read labels at least three times Do not mix solutions together unless instructed to do so
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Patient/Resident Safety Regulations Do not perform any procedures on patients unless instructed and properly authorized Provide privacy for all patients Identify your patient Explain the procedure (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Patient/Resident Safety Regulations (continued) Observe patient closely during any procedures Check all areas for safety hazards Observe all safety checkpoints
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Personal Safety Regulations Responsible to protect yourself and others from injury Use correct body mechanics Wear the required uniform Walk; do not run Report any injury or accident Unsafe situations need to be reported (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Personal Safety Regulations (continued) Keep all areas neat and clean Wash hands frequently Dry hands thoroughly before handling electrical equipment Wear safety glasses when appropriate Observe all safety precautions (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Personal Safety Regulations (continued) If any solution comes in contact with skin or eyes, flush immediately with cool water and report If particle gets in eyes, report immediately, do not try to remove or rub eye
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning 13:3 Observing Fire Safety Fire requires –Oxygen—found in the air –Fuel—any material that will burn –Heat—sparks, matches, flames Causes of fires
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Classes of Fire Extinguishers Classified and labeled according to kind of fire they extinguish Main classes: A, B, C, and D Class A: for combustibles such as paper, cloth, plastic, or wood Class B: for flammable or combustible liquids which include gasoline, paint, grease, or cooking fat (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Classes of Fire Extinguishers (continued) Class C: for electrical fires such as fuse boxes, appliances, wiring, and electrical outlets (the C stands for non-conductive) Class D: for burning or specific combustible metals
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Types of Fire Extinguishers The main types include: –Water –Carbon dioxide –Dry chemical –Halon
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Rules in Case of Fire Remain calm; do not panic RACE –R: rescue anyone in immediate danger –A: activate the alarm –C: confine the fire –E: extinguish the fire
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Preventing Fires Be alert to causes of fires Correct situations that lead to fires Obey “no smoking” signs Extinguish matches, cigarettes, and any flammable items completely Dispose of all waste materials in proper containers (continues)
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Preventing Fires (continued) Handle electrical equipment carefully Store flammable materials in proper containers and in a safe area If flammable liquid spilled, clean up immediately Do not allow clutter to accumulate When oxygen is in use, observe special precautions
© 2009 Delmar, Cengage Learning Summary Health care workers are legally responsible for familiarizing themselves with disaster policies Preventing fires is everyone’s concern Be alert to causes of fires and take measures to prevent them Know policies to follow in case of fire
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