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1 School Bus Driver Security Training Program POWER POINT PRESENTATION New Mexico Surety Task Force New Mexico Department of Transportation New Mexico.

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Presentation on theme: "1 School Bus Driver Security Training Program POWER POINT PRESENTATION New Mexico Surety Task Force New Mexico Department of Transportation New Mexico."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 School Bus Driver Security Training Program POWER POINT PRESENTATION New Mexico Surety Task Force New Mexico Department of Transportation New Mexico Public Education Department Developed by: Ream Lazaro Lazaro & Noel


3 3 1. Keep calm and assess the situation 2. Contact supervision 3. If required-evacuate, relocate, shelter in place 4. Protect self and protect and assist students 5. Identify self to/cooperate with first responders 6. Follow school procedures; complete documentation SIX BASIC SECURITY MANAGEMENT STEPS: Module 1

4 4 3 RESPONSE OPTIONS 1. Be like an ostrich 2. Overreact 3. Why were here Module 1

5 5 DEFINING THE THREAT AND RISK Can be violent act of deranged person or international terrorist event Best protection – identify perpetrator before violent action carried out School bus drivers are part of the nations first line of defense Module 2

6 6 CLASSIC DEFINITION OF TERRORISM The threat or use of force or violence to coerce a government or civilian population, in pursuit of political or social objectives Federal Bureau of Investigation Module 2


8 8 DEFINING THE THREAT AND RISK Terrorism not new phenomenon Wide variety of motives, tactics, preferred targets Expect more terrorism in U.S. Most terrorist attacks are bombings Chemical, biological, nuclear threats will probably increase Module 2

9 9 Why target school buses/facilities? Relatively unprotected and vulnerable Large number of potential casualties Schools all over the nation Represent an emotional target Escape relatively easy Demoralize community, state, nation Module 3

10 10 Schools and buses targets of unstable people and terrorists School bus security begins with driver Must be able to identify and define potential security problems Report problems and/or take actions Module 3

11 11 THREAT OR INCIDENT Security threat any source that catalyzes an event/occurrence that endangers life/property or results in loss of services/equipment. Security incident unforeseen event/occurrence that does not result in death/injury/significant property damage, but may result in interruption of service. Module 3

12 12 Heightened Security Concerns Risk Threat Vulnerability Module 3


14 14 Communitys First Line of Defense BOLO (Be On the Look Out) for suspicious: People Activities Vehicles Packages Substances Compare to Neighborhood Watch Program Observe and Report Module 4

15 15 When need for concern: Trust your gut reaction Do not detain individuals Do not explore unusual activities, vehicles, packages, substances Immediately contact appropriate authorities Module 4

16 16 SECURITY RELATED BEHAVIORS Be aware of suspicious activity/behavior Notice unusual conditions of vehicles Be vigilant with respect to strange packages, items, substances Know supervisory contacts/have numbers available Help control access to vehicles/facilities Help students deal with aftermath of emergencies Know how to relate to students in crisis Module 4

17 17 SECURITY RELATED BEHAVIORS (contd) Understand your role in an emergency Recognize threats and properly handle them Stay familiar with operation of emergency equipment Lead in a crisis Follow standard emergency operating plans/procedures Be responsive to needs of emergency responders Module 4

18 18 SECURITY PROCEDURES Be familiar with state, school district, company security guidelines Remove keys from ignition when bus unattended Pre-trip/post-trip vehicle inspections Maintain uncluttered bus Maintain awareness of people/activities Trust your personal gut reaction Report any operational security weaknesses Module 4

19 19 INSPECTING THE BUS First act in effective security program PREVENTION Expand normal pre and post trip inspections Periodic inspections while in service Practice good housekeeping Module 5

20 20 Inspecting the Bus (contd) Look for: Marks of noticeable forced entry Unusual items attached to vehicle Opened or disturbed compartments Inspect: Interior and interior lights Steps and wheelchair lifts Wheel wells, exhaust system, fuel/air tanks Back and side emergency exit doors Module 5

21 21 BUS SECURITY CHECKLIST SeatsLumps, bulges, damaged upholstery, suspicious packages FloorModifications to material, unusual thickness Roof linerRips, bulges Doors, hood, trunk lid Heavy to open/close, rusting seams, holes Cargo compartment Strange odor, raised floor, unusual welds/items, excess weight Module 5

22 22 BUS SECURITY CHECKLIST (contd) Exterior surfaceMissing screws, unusual scratches/welds, signs of tampering, recent paint job UndercarriageItems taped/attached to frame, fresh undercoating Engine compartmentOdd wires/liquids, unusual welds, new tape TiresUnusual odor from air valve FendersUnusual thickness Module 5

23 23 FACILITIES AND SURROUNDINGS Observe anything unusual Noticeable changes Suspicious people or vehicles Report concerns immediately Module 5


25 25 Module 6 Suspicious Behavior – should not be based on stereotypes of race, color, ethnicity (profiling) Suspicious Activities – anything noted to be unusual or out of place Any suspicions should be reported immediately

26 26 POSSIBLE SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITIES Appearing extremely interested in school facilities, school buses, surroundings Repeatedly sighted within school/school bus environment Having the appearance of rehearsing Soliciting information on school facilities, buses, schedules Taking photographs/video of staging areas Looking lost; wandering around school bus stops/on school grounds Module 6

27 27 POSSIBLE SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITIES (contd) Exhibiting disruptive/potentially distracting behavior Showing unusual interest in employees/ students Abandoning item; leaving area quickly Wearing uniform and not involved in appropriate activity Openly possessing weapon/dangerous item Module 6

28 28 SUICIDE BOMBERS MAY: wear irregular/disproportionate clothing for body type or weather repeatedly pat chest or stomach carry irregular, inappropriate, overweight luggage/bags move about without purpose sweat or act extremely nervous avoid eye contact be non-communicative/uncooperative Module 6

29 29 REACTING TO UNUSUAL BEHAVIOR Only approach a suspicious person if you are comfortable doing so Helpfully challenge the person – ask if they need assistance or directions If questioning a person and they refuse to respond or respond aggressively, withdraw Never be confrontational or try to physically detain anyone Notify authorities Module 6

30 30 EyesEarsMouth/Nose Hair/Facial Hair ForeheadCheeks/ChinNeckComplexion Body Shape/Size HatJewelryShirt/Blouse/DressCoatPants/SkirtSocks/ShoesOddities/Tattoos General Appearance Accessories CHARACTERISTICS TO NOTE FOR REPORTING Module 6


32 32 VEHICLE BOMBS Extremely popular terrorist tool: Can contain large amount of explosives Easy to obtain and deploy Inconspicuous and difficult to attack Can be driven or parked near target Difficult to render safe Can create mass casualty situation Module 7

33 33 INDICATORS OF SUSPICIOUS VEHICLES repeatedly seen in vicinity following or shadowing school buses parked in out of ordinary/unauthorized locations parked for extended periods in unusual place riding low on springs, especially in rear large containers, such as drums, in rear or back seat Module 7

34 34 INDICATORS OF SUSPICIOUS VEHICLES (contd ) wires, string, ropelike material strung from front seat to rear or from small containers on front floorboard accompanied by unusual odors, such as fertilizer, diesel fuel, nitro methane or other fuel like odors occupants show signs of stress, are deceptive/reluctant to answer questions, tell conflicting stories, have no legitimate purpose to be in area Module 7

35 35 INFORMATION TO NOTE FOR REPORTING Location, if it is parked Direction, if it is moving Color Year Make Model License plate number and state Identifying features, e.g., convertible, damage, excessive rust, etc. Description of occupants Module 7

36 36 REACTING TO SUSPICIOUS VEHICLES After reporting: Refrain from cell phone use within 300 feet Evacuate bus and/or students from location Module 7


38 38 CONVENTIONAL BOMBS OR IEDS Reasons for use: dramatic, low risk, draw attention low cost/high yield few skills needed attacks executed remotely large groups not required little forensic evidence Module 8

39 39 IED COMPONENTS Uses battery as power supply Switch/timer provides delay in detonation; can be electrical/chemical/mechanical Detonator/initiator, either electric or non-electric, provides initial trigger explosive to detonate main charge Main explosive charge high/low in nature; low explosives create heat/fire; high explosives create large blast Module 8

40 40 ADDITIONAL IED INFORMATION Sometimes packed with additional materials Can be small as pipe bomb or large as car bomb required evacuation distance only significant difference Can be used to detonate and disperse CBR weapons Module 8

41 41 EFFECTS blast overpressure falling structural material flying debris asphyxiation pressure wave throwing body bomb fragments burns inhaling toxic fumes Module 8

42 42 SECONDARY EXPLOSIVE DEVICES Tactic that magnifies damage/casualties Detonating larger/deadlier device after public safety personnel respond to first smaller incident in identified bomb-threat evacuation assembly area Module 8

43 43 CBRs or WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION Chemical Biological Radiological Module 8

44 44 ENTER HUMAN BODY THROUGH: Inhalation Ingestion Absorption Injection Module 8


46 46 SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES OR OBJECTS Placed in out-of-way locations where not easily seen Accompanied by threatening message Looks like it could be a bomb Has visible wires, batteries, timers attached Module 9

47 47 SUSPICIOUS PACKAGES OR OBJECTS (contd) Abandoned by someone quickly leaving scene Has tanks, bottles, bags visible Accompanied by suspicious cloud, mist, gas, vapor Common object in abnormal location Uncommon object in common location Module 9

48 48 REACTING TO SUSPICIONS Evacuate bus from area or students from bus, preferably upwind Stay calm Never touch object Avoid cell phone or radio use within 300 feet of object Contact appropriate authorities Report reason for suspicion and description of object If object accidentally touched, do not put hands near face; wash well with soap/water Module 9

49 49 TO AVOID INJURY: Do not touch, move, cover suspicious object/device use radio or cell phone within 300 feet of object/device Do move as far from object as possible without being in danger from other hazards, e.g., traffic or secondary sources of explosion Module 9

50 50 TO AVOID INJURY (contd): Do Stay out of objects line-of-sight Stay away from glass windows Remain alert for additional/secondary explosive devices in immediate area Module 9


52 52 DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES Can be in many forms and states Consider all serious and life threatening Avoid all suspicious substances Evacuate area immediately Call for emergency assistance Module 10

53 53 CHEMICAL AGENT INDICATORS Existence of a threat Sick or dead birds, animals or people Large quantity dead insects or absence of insects Foliage abnormally changing or dying Unusual liquid, spray or vapor in air Suspicious devices or packages Module 10

54 54 CHEMICAL RELEASE SYMPTOMS If two or more people are observed: experiencing difficulty breathing or coughing uncontrollably suffering a collapse or seizure complaining of nausea complaining of blurred vision complaining of an unusual and unexplainable odor Module 10

55 55 BIOLOGICAL AGENT INDICATORS Existence of a threat Sick or dead birds, animals or people Unusual illnesses within the region Unusual liquid spray or vapor in air Suspicious devices or packages Module 10

56 56 RADIOLOGICAL AGENT INDICATORS Existence of a threat Presence of radiological equipment, e.g., spent fuel canisters Nuclear warning materials along with unexplained casualties Module 10

57 57 OVERALL SIGNS OF RELEASE Unexplainable pungent odor Suspicious package emitting vapor/odor/oily liquid Abandoned aerosol/manual spray devices Cloud, mist, fine powder, liquid, fog with no identifiable suspected source Module 10


59 59 RISK FACTORS FOR CBRs Time – how long individual was exposed Distance – how far immediately able to get away Shielding – whether agent was blocked from entering body Module 11

60 60 RESPONSE PRIORITIES Protect yourself Notify appropriate authorities Protect students and others Quarantine victims Assist students and others Assist emergency responders Module 11

61 61 PROTECT YOURSELF DONT take risks assume anything forget about secondary devices taste, eat, smell, touch anything suspicious become a victim Module 11

62 62 NOTIFY AUTHORITIES Explain your exact location and condition type of injuries and/or symptoms victim locations and positions indicators of activities and objects wind direction, weather on scene witness statements/observations existing/potentially dangerous conditions Module 11

63 63 PROTECT OTHERS Explosive device outside bus: Open doors and windows stay on vehicle If vehicle can be safely moved: relocate vehicle upwind away from danger Module 11

64 64 PROTECT OTHERS (contd) CBR release is outside bus: stay on vehicle shut off HVAC close windows and doors If vehicle can be safely moved: relocate vehicle upwind away from danger Module 11

65 65 PROTECT OTHERS (contd) Explosive device/CBR release is inside bus: evacuate students 1,000 feet upwind and upgrade from vehicle prohibit use of cell phones within 300 feet of vehicle Module 11

66 66 ASSIST OTHERS DO enlist assistance of students/others to help victims DONT move injured victims unless they are in danger of further harm or exposure do things you are incapable of doing or are not trained to do Module 11


68 68 ACTIONS BEFORE HELP ARRIVES Get as far away from source as possible Recruit students to assist Report incident to dispatch Be alert for secondary explosive device Keep calm; reassure passengers No cell phone/radio use within 300 feet Gather witness contact information Module 12

69 69 ASSIST EMERGENCY RESPONSE Identify self to first responders Inform responders nature of hazard/threat location/number victims and injury types Explain what was done so far Await direction from Incident Command Remain available to assist Module 12


71 71 TO PROTECT SELF AND PASSENGERS Stay calm; maintain control; dont overreact Look for ways to diffuse situation Look for ways to alert emergency response Park in public place Open doors Look for ways to escape vehicle Do not attempt to grab weapon or make sudden movements Module 13

72 72 TO PROTECT SELF AND PASSENGERS (contd) Cooperate with assailant If violence directed to student, contact dispatch, intervene only if safe to do so Provide information to emergency response location nature of incident description of assailant weapons Complete required forms/documentation Module 13


74 74 TO AVOID VEHICLE BEING COMMANDEERED Survey staging areas, pick up/drop off points for suspicious people/activities Avoid boarding suspicious looking people Report concerns of suspicions – drive out of area If suspicions aroused when stopped, do not open doors Communicate through window, determine proper action At RR Crossing dont open doors wide enough to allow entry – contact dispatch Avoid boarding individuals suspected of carrying weapons/dangerous packages Module 14

75 75 IF VEHICLE IS COMMANDEERED Do not confront individual carrying a weapon Stay calm and focused Pretend bus broken down, if possible Follow all instructions; dont show outward panic If parked, open all doors to allow escape; ask if students can de-board; dont push too hard to end situation Module 14

76 76 IF VEHICLE COMMANDEERED (CONTD) If in motion, stay on route but make no regular stops Attempt to alert authorities Take no action to increase risk to self/others Talk to hijacker; try to create relationship Be patient and assertive Use common sense; follow instructions of hijacker Module 14

77 77 SUMMARY Module 15

78 78 KEY ISSUES Threats of terrorism and violence Being eyes and ears of community School bus driver as first line of defense Inspecting buses and surroundings Reacting to and reporting unusual behavior/vehicles Potential weapons Reacting to and reporting suspicious items/devices Reacting to and reporting dangerous substances Evacuating, relocating, sheltering in place Managing students and the incident scene Handling conflict and threats of violence Surviving a hostage situation Module 15

79 79 Keep calm and assess the situation Contact supervision If required - evacuate, relocate, shelter in place Protect self and protect and assist students Identify self to/cooperate with first responders Follow school procedures; complete documentation SIX BASIC SECURITY MANAGEMENT STEPS: Module 15

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