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Fundamentals in the Sentence Writing Strategy Cloze Note Cue Cards for students The University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning.

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Presentation on theme: "Fundamentals in the Sentence Writing Strategy Cloze Note Cue Cards for students The University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fundamentals in the Sentence Writing Strategy Cloze Note Cue Cards for students The University of Kansas Center for Research on Learning

2 Complete Sentences 1.Start with a ______________. 2.Have ___ ________________(. ? !) 3.Have a _________. (S) 4.Have a _________. (V) 5.Make _________. S V. ? ! Cue Card 1 The Subject The_____, _____, _____, _______, or _____ that the sentence is about. Examples Jenna went for a walk.(________) The store was closed.(_______) Balloons rose into the sky.(______) Silence filled the streets.(______) Peace was declared at midnight.(______) Cue Card 2 Action Verb A word that _____ ___ _______of the ________of the sentence. Examples: _____ Actions ______ Actions walk think run want Cue Card 3 The PENS Strategy P_____ a formula E______ the words to fit the formula N_____ the words S_______ and_______ Cue Card 4

3 Search & Check Step M Ask Is there______?" Root out the_______ (ask, Who or What _________?") Key in on the –____________of the sentence Cue Card 5 Linking Verbs Words that link the _______to another word that describes the ________. AmWas Are Were Is Seem Be Been Become Cue Card 6 Verb A word that shows the _____ or _____-__- ______ of the subject. Examples: ActionState-of being _____________________ Cue Card 7 Infinitives Usually made up of 2 words: the word ___ in front of an ______ verb Examples: Madonna likes to sing. Sarah wants to ride the bus. Tikki yearns to play football. Cue Card 8a

4 Search & Check Step Mark out __________ _________ ______________ _________ A___ Is there a _____?" R_____ out the subject (ask, Who or What _____?") K____ in on the –beginning –ending –meaning Cue Card 8b Linking Verbs Mark out imposters –infinitives –prepositional phrases Ask Is there a verb?" Root out the subject (ask, Who or What _____?") Key in on the –beginning –ending –Meaning Cue Card 8b (complete) Cue Card 9 Prepositions aboutdownpast aboveduring across since afterexcept against through alongforthroughout amidfromto amongtoward aroundin atinsideunder intounderneath beforeuntil behindlikeup belowupon beneathnear with besideofwithin betweenoffwithout beyondon byover out outside of Cue Card 10a

5 Prepositional Phrase A group of words that show ________or ______________. (where or when the action takes place) Each prepositional phrase contains a _________ and at least one word, either: _________ A bee flies _______ the jar. A bee flew around the bottle for an hour. Cue Card 10b Adjective A word that describes a ______. Examples: The new black bike was Toms birthday present. The last girl in line wore a blue shirt. A terrible storm damaged the trees Cue Card 11a Main Subject The one word that best tells what the sentence is about. Example: The new movie was exciting. complete subject:_____________ complete verb________________ My little sister is five. Complete subject:_____________ Complete verb:_______________ Cue Card 11b Helping Verbs Words that help the ________________ show the action in a sentence. Helping verbs join with a ______ verb to form a complete verb. Examples: Latasha can play the guitar. The bird will build the nest. Cue Card 12

6 Helping Verbs may canmight couldmust doshall diesshould did has havewill hadwould Cue Card 13a Recall Device for Helping Verbs C H A D B. S W I M Chad B. Swim is 23 years old Cue Card 13b Types of Simple Sentences SV"One person doing one thing" SSV"Two people doing one thing" SVV"One person doing two things' SSVVTwo people doing two things" am are is was were be beingbeen Adverbs Words that add information about the ______of the subject of the sentence. They show: _______ To what extent the action takes place _______ _______Cue Card 14


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