Simple Sentences A simple sentence is an independent clause that has a subject and a predicate.
Independent Clause A group of words that makes a complete statement and has a subject and a predicate.
Subject The person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. It’s always a noun. All subjects are nouns, but not all nouns are the subject of the sentence.
Predicate The predicate shows the state of being or action of the subject of the sentence. Action can be physical or mental or state of being (is/are). All predicates are verbs, but not all verbs are predicates.
Subject-Verb Identification Procedure Step 1: Find the verb. Step 2: Ask yourself “Who or What?” is doing the action to find the subject.
4 Types of Simple Sentences SVJill sat. SSVJill and Jan sat. SVVJill sat and ate. SSVVJill and Jan sat and ate. s=subject v=verb
Noun Phrase When two or more words are used together for the subject –These typically describe the subject, give us information about the subject The noun phrase is the Complete Subject
Head Word of Subject Is the one word that names what the sentence is about. Example: The old gray horse grazed in the field. Head word = horse Complete subject= old gray horse
Verb Phrase When one or more helping verbs is in front of a main verb The verb phrase is the Complete Verb
23 Helping Verbs Shall, should Will, was, were, would Is May, might, must Be, being, been Can, could Has, have, had Am, are Do, does, did
Helping Verbs Helping verbs can be right in front of the verb or a few words away. Example: I could have walked to the park. Main Verb= walked Helping Verbs= could have
Complete Verb Includes the main verb and the helping verbs. Example: She may be going to the mall today. Main verb= going Complete Verb= may be going
Verbs Can Move Verbs can come before the subject Example: Down the street ran the bulls.
Verbs Can Move Sometimes the subject will appear between the helping verb and the verb. Example: Will you go to the movie tonight?
Infinitives Any verb that has the word “to” in front of it is an infinitive – it is NOT the main verb Infinitive= to + verb
Infinitive I am going to eat cake. I = Subject Am Going=Complete verb (helping verb + main verb) To eat = infinitive
Compound Subjects When there are two or more subjects in an independent clause Bill and Sue want to go to the movies. SSV
Compound Verbs When there are two or more verbs in an independent clause Sally swam and played all afternoon SVV
Compound Subjects and Compound Verbs When there are two or more subjects and verbs The ponies and calves scampered and played in the field. SSVV
Practice What is a simple sentence? A simple sentence is an independent clause that has a subject and a predicate.
Practice How many independent clauses are in a simple sentence? One
Practice What’s a subject? The person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. It’s always a noun. What’s a predicate (verb)? The action or state of being of the subject of the sentence
Practice An independent clause has two important parts; what are they? A subject and a Verb (predicate).
Practice What’s a compound subject? When there are two or more subjects in an independent clause What are compound verbs? When there are two or more verbs in an independent clause
Practice What is the head word of the subject? The one word that names what the sentence is about. What makes up a complete verb? The main verb and the helping verb
Practice What are the simple sentence formulas? SV SSV SVV SSVV
Practice The tree fell down. S=tree, V=fell Here are the cookies. S=cookies, V=are Are you going to the mall? S=you, V=going, Helping verb=are