2Simple SentencesA simple sentence is an independent clause that has a subject and a predicate.
3Independent ClauseA group of words that makes a complete statement and has a subject and a predicate.
4SubjectThe person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. It’s always a noun.All subjects are nouns, but not all nouns are the subject of the sentence.
5PredicateThe predicate shows the state of being or action of the subject of the sentence.Action can be physical or mental or state of being (is/are).All predicates are verbs, but not all verbs are predicates.
6Subject-Verb Identification Procedure Step 1: Find the verb.Step 2: Ask yourself “Who or What?” is doing the action to find the subject.
74 Types of Simple Sentences SV Jill sat.SSV Jill and Jan sat.SVV Jill sat and ate.SSVV Jill and Jan sat and ate.s=subject v=verb
8Noun Phrase When two or more words are used together for the subject These typically describe the subject, give us information about the subjectThe noun phrase is the Complete Subject
9Head Word of SubjectIs the one word that names what the sentence is about.Example:The old gray horse grazed in the field.Head word = horseComplete subject= old gray horse
10Verb Phrase When one or more helping verbs is in front of a main verb The verb phrase is the Complete Verb
1123 Helping Verbs Shall, should Will, was, were, would Is May, might, mustBe, being, beenCan, couldHas, have, hadAm, areDo, does, did
12Helping VerbsHelping verbs can be right in front of the verb or a few words away.Example:I could have walked to the park.Main Verb= walkedHelping Verbs= could have
13Complete Verb Includes the main verb and the helping verbs. Example: She may be going to the mall today.Main verb= goingComplete Verb= may be going
14Verbs Can Move Verbs can come before the subject Example: Down the street ran the bulls.
15Verbs Can MoveSometimes the subject will appear between the helping verb and the verb.Example: Will you go to the movie tonight?
16InfinitivesAny verb that has the word “to” in front of it is an infinitive – it is NOT the main verbInfinitive= to + verb
17Infinitive I am going to eat cake. I = Subject Am Going=Complete verb (helping verb + main verb)To eat = infinitive
18Compound SubjectsWhen there are two or more subjects in an independent clauseBill and Sue want to go to the movies.SSV
19Compound VerbsWhen there are two or more verbs in an independent clauseSally swam and played all afternoonSVV
20Compound Subjects and Compound Verbs When there are two or more subjects and verbsThe ponies and calves scampered and played in the field.SSVV
21Practice What is a simple sentence? A simple sentence is an independent clause that has a subject and a predicate.
22PracticeHow many independent clauses are in a simple sentence?One
23Practice What’s a subject? The person, place, thing, or idea that the sentence is about. It’s always a noun.What’s a predicate (verb)?The action or state of being of the subject of the sentence
24Practice An independent clause has two important parts; what are they? A subject and a Verb (predicate).
25Practice What’s a compound subject? When there are two or more subjects in an independent clauseWhat are compound verbs?When there are two or more verbs in an independent clause
26Practice What is the head word of the subject? The one word that names what the sentence is about.What makes up a complete verb?The main verb and the helping verb
27PracticeWhat are the simple sentence formulas?SVSSVSVVSSVV
28Practice The tree fell down. S=tree, V=fell Here are the cookies. S=cookies, V=areAre you going to the mall?S=you, V=going, Helping verb=are