Slide 3 Chapter Summary Human Communication: The Essentials Communication is Essential Communication: The Process of Exchanging MeaningCommunication: The Process of Exchanging Meaning Communication Principles Components of Communication How Does Communication Occur? What are Communication Contexts? What are the Goals of Communication Study? Slide 3 1 CHAPTER
Slide 4 Studying communication can... Communication is Essential Improve the way you see yourself Improve the way others see you Increase what you know about human relationships Slide 4 Continued...
Slide 5 Studying communication can... Communication is Essential Teach you important life skills Help you exercise your constitutionally guaranteed freedom of speech Help you succeed professionally Slide 5
Slide 6 Communication: the Process of Exchanging Meaning Communication is the process by which meaning is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, and behavior. Communication is considered a process because it is an activity, an exchange, or a set of behaviors that occurs over time--it is not an unchanging product. Slide 6
Slide 7 Communication: the Process of Exchanging Meaning Meaning is the shared understanding of the message constructed in the minds of the communicators. Slide 7
Slide 8 Communication Principles Every individual exists in a continually changing world of experience of which he [or she] is the center. Slide 8 Communication Begins with the Self Continued...
Slide 9 Communication Principles Barnlunds six-person concept: 1. How you view yourself 2. How you view the other person. 3 How you believe the other person views you. 4. How the other person views himself or herself. 5. How the other person views you. 6. How the other person believes you view him or her. Slide 9 Communication Begins with the Self Continued...
Slide 10 Communication Principles Slide 10 Figure 1.1: Barnlunds six people involved in every two-person communication. Insert Figure 1.1 Here
Slide 11 Communication Principles A dialogue is the act of taking part in a conversation, discussion, or negotiation. The competent communicator considers the other persons needs and expectations. Communication begins with the self, as define largely by others, and involves others, as defined largely by the self. Slide 11 Communication Involves Others
Slide 12 Communication Principles Communication involves choices about the multiple aspects of the message: --verbal, nonverbal, and behavioral aspects, --choices surrounding transmission channels used --characteristics of the speaker --relationship between speaker and audience --characteristics of the audience --the situation in which the communication occurs Slide 12 Communication is Complicated
Slide 13 Communication Principles Slide 13 An Increased Quantity of Communication Does Not Increase the Quality of Communciation Communication is Inevitable, Irreversible, and Unrepeatable
Slide 14 Components of Communication The source initiates the message The receiver is the intended target of the message Slide 14 People
Slide 15 Components of Communication The message is the verbal and nonverbal form of the idea, thought, or feeling that one person (the source) wishes to communicate to another person or group of people (the receiver). Slide 15 Message
Slide 16 Components of Communication The channel is the means by which a message moves from the source to the receiver of the message. Slide 16 Channel
Slide 17 Components of Communication Feedback is the receivers verbal and nonverbal response to the sources message. Slide 17 Feedback
Slide 18 Components of Communication A code is a systematic arrangement of symbols used to create meanings in the mind of another person or persons. --Syntax are rules of arrangement of code. --Grammar are rules of function of code. Verbal and nonverbal codes are the two types of codes used in communication. Slide 18 Code
Slide 19 Components of Communication Encoding is the act of putting an idea or a thought into a code. Decoding is assigning meaning to that idea or thought. Slide 19 Encoding and Decoding
Slide 20 Components of Communication Noise is any interference in the encoding and decoding processes that reduces the clarity of a message. Slide 20 Noise
Slide 21 How Does Communication Occur? The Action Model The Interaction Model The Transaction Model The Constructivist Model Slide 21
Slide 22 How Does Communication Occur? Slide 22 Figure 1.2: Perspectives on communication. Insert Figure 1.2 Here
Slide 23 What Are Communication Contexts? Intrapersonal Communication Interpersonal Communication Public Communication Mass Communication Slide 23
Slide 24 What Are Communication Contexts? Slide 24 Table 1.1: Differences Among Communication Contexts. Insert Table 1.1 Here
Slide 25 What Are The Goals of Communication Study? Slide 25 Effective Communications Ethical Communication The Nine Commandments of Communication Ethics