Presentation on theme: "Judy C. Pearson Paul E. Nelson Scott Titsworth Lynn Harter"— Presentation transcript:
1 Judy C. Pearson Paul E. Nelson Scott Titsworth Lynn Harter Slide 1Human CommunicationJudy C. PearsonPaul E. NelsonScott TitsworthLynn Harter
2 PART ONE Fundamentals of Communication Studies Slide 2PART ONE Fundamentals of Communication Studies
3 Human Communication: The Essentials Slide 3Slide 3Human Communication: The EssentialsCHAPTER1Chapter SummaryCommunication is EssentialCommunication: The Process of Exchanging MeaningCommunication PrinciplesComponents of CommunicationHow Does Communication Occur?What are Communication Contexts?What are the Goals of Communication Study?
4 Communication is Essential Slide 4Slide 4Communication is EssentialStudying communication can...Improve the way you see yourselfImprove the way others see youIncrease what you know about human relationshipsContinued...
5 Communication is Essential Slide 5Slide 5Communication is EssentialStudying communication can...Teach you important life skillsHelp you exercise your constitutionally guaranteed freedom of speechHelp you succeed professionally
6 Communication: the Process of Exchanging Meaning Slide 6Slide 6Communication: the Process of Exchanging MeaningCommunication is the process by which meaning is exchanged between individuals through a common system of symbols, signs, and behavior.Communication is considered a process because it is an activity, an exchange, or a set of behaviors that occurs over time--it is not an unchanging product.
7 Communication: the Process of Exchanging Meaning Slide 7Slide 7Communication: the Process of Exchanging MeaningMeaning is the shared understanding of the message constructed in the minds of the communicators.
8 Communication Principles Slide 8Slide 8Communication PrinciplesCommunication Begins with the Self“Every individual exists in a continually changing world of experience of which he [or she] is the center.”Continued...
9 Communication Principles Slide 9Slide 9Communication PrinciplesCommunication Begins with the SelfBarnlund’s six-person concept:1. How you view yourself2. How you view the other person.3 How you believe the other person views you.4. How the other person views himself or herself.5. How the other person views you.6. How the other person believes you view him or her.Continued...
10 Communication Principles Slide 10Slide 10Communication PrinciplesInsert Figure 1.1 HereFigure 1.1: Barnlund’s “six people” involved in every two-person communication.
11 Communication Principles Slide 11Slide 11Communication PrinciplesCommunication Involves OthersA dialogue is the act of taking part in a conversation, discussion, or negotiation.The competent communicator considers the other person’s needs and expectations.Communication begins with the self, as define largely by others, and involves others, as defined largely by the self.
12 Communication Principles Slide 12Slide 12Communication PrinciplesCommunication is ComplicatedCommunication involves choices about the multiple aspects of the message:--verbal, nonverbal, and behavioral aspects,--choices surrounding transmission channels used--characteristics of the speaker--relationship between speaker and audience--characteristics of the audience--the situation in which the communication occurs
13 Communication Principles Slide 13Slide 13Communication PrinciplesAn Increased Quantity of Communication Does Not Increase the Quality of Communciation“Communication is Inevitable, Irreversible, and Unrepeatable”
14 Components of Communication Slide 14Slide 14Components of CommunicationPeopleThe source initiates the messageThe receiver is the intended target of the message
15 Components of Communication Slide 15Slide 15Components of CommunicationMessageThe message is the verbal and nonverbal form of the idea, thought, or feeling that one person (the source) wishes to communicate to another person or group of people (the receiver).
16 Components of Communication Slide 16Slide 16Components of CommunicationChannelThe channel is the means by which a message moves from the source to the receiver of the message.
17 Components of Communication Slide 17Slide 17Components of CommunicationFeedbackFeedback is the receiver’s verbal and nonverbal response to the source’s message.
18 Components of Communication Slide 18Slide 18Components of CommunicationCodeA code is a systematic arrangement of symbols used to create meanings in the mind of another person or persons.--Syntax are rules of arrangement of code.--Grammar are rules of function of code.Verbal and nonverbal codes are the two types of codes used in communication.
19 Components of Communication Slide 19Slide 19Components of CommunicationEncoding and DecodingEncoding is the act of putting an idea or a thought into a code.Decoding is assigning meaning to that idea or thought.
20 Components of Communication Slide 20Slide 20Components of CommunicationNoiseNoise is any interference in the encoding and decoding processes that reduces the clarity of a message.
21 How Does Communication Occur? Slide 21Slide 21How Does Communication Occur?The Action ModelThe Interaction ModelThe Transaction ModelThe Constructivist Model
22 How Does Communication Occur? Slide 22Slide 22How Does Communication Occur?Insert Figure 1.2 HereFigure 1.2: Perspectives on communication.
23 What Are Communication Contexts? Slide 23Slide 23What Are Communication Contexts?Intrapersonal CommunicationInterpersonal CommunicationPublic CommunicationMass Communication
24 What Are Communication Contexts? Slide 24Slide 24What Are Communication Contexts?Insert Table 1.1 HereTable 1.1: Differences Among Communication Contexts.
25 What Are The Goals of Communication Study? Slide 25Slide 25What Are The Goals of Communication Study?Effective CommunicationsEthical CommunicationThe Nine Commandments of Communication Ethics