Presentation on theme: "Review of Work Health and Safety Laws in Queensland School Safety Conference September 2013 Presenter: Cath Rafferty Team Leader, Operational Policy, WHSQ."— Presentation transcript:
Review of Work Health and Safety Laws in Queensland School Safety Conference September 2013 Presenter: Cath Rafferty Team Leader, Operational Policy, WHSQ
Who has harmonised? ACT, Commonwealth, NSW, NT, Queensland, South Australia and Tasmania – all working from harmonised laws from 1 January 2013 Western Australia – supports harmonised laws, but will not adopt some elements and will not adopt until it is in a position to introduce separate mining safety laws and regulations Victoria – supports the principle of harmonisation but will not adopt at this time citing cost to small business of transitioning to the new legislation
Update - Primary duty of careAs far as is reasonably practicable Under the previous regime, the person conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU) had an absolute duty of care to ensure the health and safety of workers and other persons – more prescriptive; Under the new Act, the primary duty of care is qualified byreasonably practicable – more outcome orientated. The person conducting the business or undertaking (PCBU) must ensure, so far as reasonably practicable, the health and safety of workers and other persons. In assessing reasonably practicable the court will consider: –What the duty holder ought reasonably to know about the hazard or risk; –The extent to which the duty holder has the capacity to influence or control the matter; Therefore, the duty holder must assess the likelihood of a hazard or risk occurring and the degree of harm that might result before deciding what control measures, if any, are required to eliminate or minimise the hazard
Update of Officer Duties Officers must exercise due diligence to ensure that the person conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU) complies with the Act Represents a shift away from attributed liability (being held liable for contraventions by the company) which means that an officer may now be charged with an offence for a breach of the WHS laws independently of the PCBU Officer includes (definition from Corporations Act 2001): –those persons involved in making decisions that affect the whole or a substantial part of the business or undertaking (e.g. directors, company secretary, officeholder) –receivers, administrators, liquidators
Officers – Due Diligence reasonable steps to acquire knowledge of WHS matters understand nature of the operation and associated WHS hazards & risks ensure resources and processes to eliminate or minimise WHS risks ensure processes for receiving, considering and responding to WHS information in a timely way ensure processes and implementation for complying with WHS duties verify compliance
Consult, coordinate & cooperate The WHS laws have expanded the duty to consult and introduced new duties to coordinate and cooperate by persons conducting a business or undertaking (PCBUs)/organisations (schools): PCBUs/schools are required to consult, coordinate & cooperate where concurrent duties of care eg contractor management; PCBUs/schools are required to consult with workers on WHS matters; PCBUs/schools are required to establish issue resolution procedure to resolve issues in-house to prevent escalation of the issue beyond the workplace; Aim of Duty = Generate cultural change in an organisation by ensuring that all duty holders work together to deliver health and safety outcomes
Whats new in Queensland Review of the WHS laws On 29 August 2012, the Attorney-General and Minister for Justice held an industry round table to discuss any issues surrounding the implementation and operation of the laws. The Government sought feedback on aspects of the legislation that are: –unworkable or have unintended consequences, –impose purely administrative burdens without providing clear safety benefits. The round table was attended by representatives from 18 Queensland employer associations and unions
Round table outcomes Key outcomes identified by stakeholders were: Development of guidance on reasonably practicable including the relevance of control Consideration of removal of contractors and subcontractors from definition of worker Consideration of changes to right of entry powers of WHS entry permit holders (union officials) including whether these powers should be removed from the WHS Act
Round table outcomes Review of second stage model codes of practice in consultation with industry before being considered for implementation in Queensland Establishment of a working group to analyse the adoption of national model codes of practice regarding bullying/harassment and fatigue Establishment of a working group to analyse asbestos regulations and report back to Attorney-General Clarification of impacts of audiometric testing – which is the requirement to test workers for hearing loss under certain conditions in the workplace - industry recommended that provisions relating to audiometric testing be delayed until requirements clarified
Model codes of practice Queensland adopted the eleven first stage model codes of practice. These (and 24 preserved Queensland codes of practice) have been in force since 1 January 2012 Queensland has not yet adopted any second stage codes of practice The second, third and fourth stage codes are undergoing further analysis and consultation to fully understand the impact of each code on Queensland stakeholders before adoption by Queensland Queenslands preserved codes of practice continue to apply until they are replaced by agreed national codes
Model WHS Codes of Practice – Stage 1 11 Stage 1 model codes of practice How to Manage Work Health and Safety Risks Hazardous Manual Tasks Managing the Risk of Falls at Workplaces Labelling of Workplace Hazardous Chemicals Preparation of Safety Data Sheets for Hazardous Chemicals Confined Spaces Managing Noise and Preventing Hearing Loss at Work Managing the Work Environment and Facilities Work Health and Safety Consultation, Cooperation and Coordination How to Safely Remove Asbestos How to Manage and Control Asbestos in the Workplace
Model WHS Codes of Practice – Stage 2 12 Stage 2 model codes of practice First aid in the workplace Managing risks in construction work Preventing falls in housing construction Managing electrical risks at the workplace Managing risks of hazardous chemicals Managing risks of plant in the workplace Safe design of building and structures Excavation work Demolition work Spray painting and Powder Coating Abrasive blasting Welding
Model WHS Codes of Practice – Stage 3/4 Ready for approval by the Select Council on Workplace Relations (Ministerial Council) Working in the vicinity of overhead and underground electric lines Safe design, manufacture, import and supply of plant Traffic management in workplaces Amusement devices Scaffolds and scaffolding work Tree trimming and removal work - crane access method Industrial lift trucks Formwork and falsework Managing risks of plant in rural workplaces Cranes Managing risks in forestry operation
Model WHS Codes of Practice – public comment In relation workplace bullying and fatigue model codes of Practice: Preventing and Responding to Bullying in the Workplace and the accompanying Guide for workers– Public comment closed on 15 July 2013 However, SWA members are still finalising the outcome and the final product has not yet been agreed Current Queensland code continues to apply at this point –Prevention of workplace harassment Fatigue code of practice – has been changed to a guide following stakeholder consultation with Safe Work Australia
Delayed transitional arrangements At the industry round table, stakeholders raised concerns about some provisions of the WHS Regulation that have not commenced yet. To provide certainty to all stakeholders, these provisions were further delayed until 1 January 2014 so that any proposed changes resulting from the roundtable could be considered in detail. s58 - audiometric testing s217 - protective structures on earthmoving machinery ss425 and asbestos registers and asbestos management plans (relating to buildings built between January 1990 and December 2003) ss asbestos management plans for naturally occurring asbestos part 8.5, division 1 (ss ) – health monitoring for those at risk of exposure to asbestos s779 – design registration of concrete placement booms and prefabricated form work.
Delayed transitional arrangements The following WHS Regulation provisions were also delayed until 1 January 2014 to allow stakeholders more time to comply: s48 - remote or isolated work s272 – changing the duration of plant registration to 5 years some high-risk work provisions (e.g. application of non-slewing mobile crane licences etc)
Second Industrial Roundtable Recommendations from the outcomes of the first roundtable were presented to a 2 nd industry roundtable held by the Attorney-General and Minister for Justice on 11 July 2013 attended by industry and union stakeholders The recommended outcomes are currently being considered by the Queensland Government but are not publicly available at this time. However, watch this space for further developments
Office of Best Practice Regulation A 2 nd review that could impact on WHS laws is the Qld Governments red tape reduction plans The Queensland Competition Authority (QCA) has been investigating a framework for reducing the burden of regulation to align with the Queensland Government priority for a 20% reduction in red tape. The QCAs interim report was released in November 2012 and identified WHS and workers compensation as potential priority areas for further investigation and action. The final report from the OBPR was released on 8 March 2013.
Office of Best Practice Regulation The Government is using the report to identify which of the potential reform areas will be pursued, and timelines for progress of review. A 15 month timeframe has been suggested for the investigation of alternatives to current WHS regulatory system. At this stage, the focus is on reducing administrative burdens on duty holders eg removing unnecessary reporting requirements or reducing the number of forms required to be completed But watch this space for further developments
Technical amendments At the same time, Safe Work Australia (SWA) is currently finalising technical amendments to the model WHS regulation to correct errors and remove unintended impacts. Amendments are mainly focused on areas such as: Removal of requirement for roll-over protective structures (ROPS) and falling objects protective structures (FOPS) on earthmoving equipment. Removal of requirement to design and item register inflatable amusement devices <3m in height Removal of the requirement for a HRW licence for loading and unloading of plant from transport vehicles WHSQ has transitional arrangements and class exemptions for areas associated with these amendments. These will remain in place until the amendments are finalised nationally and enacted in Queensland.
Review of Electrical Safety Regulation A 3 rd review that may affect schools is the review of the Electrical Safety Regulation 2002 (ES Regulation) The ES Regulation is scheduled to expire this year and must be reviewed Consultation Regulatory Impact Statement released from 28 March to 26 April 2013 Over 1000 public submissions received Three options proposed: –No regulation –Remake 2002 regulation –Make a 2013 regulation with red tape reductions
Review of Electrical Safety Regulation The preferred option includes the following red tape initiatives and is expected to deliver $348.4 million NPV in cost savings to Queensland businesses over 10 years: –limiting circumstances in which rescue and resuscitation training is required for non-electrical workers in relation to low risk electrical work ($29.3 million); –removing test and tag requirements for plug-in electrical equipment (up to 20 amps) where it is protected by a safety switch ($308.9 million); –removing current restrictions on the type of work that may be undertaken by electrical apprentices and trainees in the first six months of their training, so they can undertake the work if they are competent ($9.5 million); and –removing registration requirements for cathodic protection (corrosion prevention) systems powered by extra low voltage ($657,000). However, this option has not been adopted at this stage so again, watch this space for further developments
Common issues affecting schools This is a reminder of the WHS laws in relation to the following: Incident notification Contractor management Employer accommodation Remote and isolated workers
Incident notification What needs to be notified? Arises out of the conduct of a business or undertaking; and Incident results in death, serious injury or serious illness of a person; or Involves a dangerous incident (that exposes a worker or other person to a serious risk) What is serious? Not defined by the Act or Regulations Ministers agreed that notification would be of incidents that were the most serious in nature - this was to reduce the burden on PCBUs Linked to section 39 – duty to preserve incident site treatment – is medical treatment by a registered medical practitioner
Incidents in playgrounds In applying the criteria of notifiable incident, an illness or injury must arise out of work conducted by a business or undertaking WHSQ considers that a notifiable incident for a school must be the result of a work activity at the school (eg a student losing part of a finger from a bandsaw used in a manual arts class) Students free play at recess in a recess period is not necessarily part of the conduct of the business or undertaking of a school In this case, a playground incident would not be considered to bearising from the conduct of a business or undertaking and therefore not notifiable to the regulator. However, Safe Work Australia is working with all regulators to develop guidance material on whats in and whats out in terms of public safety, schools and notifiable incidents Remember that Notifiable Incident is linked to section 39 – duty to preserve incident site
Contractor Management New provision for Queensland in section 46 of the WHS Act that: Duty holders must consult, cooperate and coordinate activities with all other persons who have a duty in relation to the same matter. Each PCBU must ensure elimination or minimisation of risks to health and safety – in managing multiple contractors on site this means: The responsible person must ensure these requirements are met even if others also have the duty to do so. To achieve the outcomes, the duty holder is not necessarily required to take action themselves but must ensure that another person is doing so.
Consult, cooperate, coordinate 1.Share information - What hazards and risks exist in the workplace and what hazards and risks will the contractor bring to the workplace? 2Discuss and agree controls –How will risks be controlled? –Who will be responsible for implementing the control? –What paperwork needs to be in place? –How should issues be raised during the work? 3Monitor and review –Is the work being carried out as agreed? –Are controls in place? –Are issues being managed? –Have the right controls been selected?
Responsibility - worker accommodation Primary duty of care under section 19 of the WHS Act covers worker accommodation: the PCBU must, so far as is reasonably practicable, maintain the premises so that the worker occupying the premises is not exposed to risks to health and safety; This is a new duty under the Act and imposes a more prescriptive regime over worker housing
Remote or isolated work This provision will come into effect on 1 January A duty holder must implement control measures that include effective communication with remote and isolated workers. –remote or isolated work, in relation to a worker, means work that is isolated from the assistance of other persons because of location, time or the nature of the work; –assistance includes rescue, medical assistance and the attendance of emergency service workers; –the national model Code of Practice for Managing the Work Environment and Facilities provides detail on possible control measures.
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