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HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Introduction to Safe Management of Plant.

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Presentation on theme: "HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Introduction to Safe Management of Plant."— Presentation transcript:

1 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Introduction to Safe Management of Plant

2 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Introduction Plant is a major cause of workplace death or injury in Australia. The Work Health and Safety Act 2012 and Work Health and Safety Regulations 2012 have significant plant and structure safety requirements.

3 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Definition of Plant Any machinery, equipment, appliance, container, implement and tool, and includes any component or anything fitted or connected to any of those things. Certain kinds of plant, such as forklifts, cranes and some pressure equipment, require a licence from the WHS regulator to operate and some high-risk plant must also be registered with the WHS regulator.

4 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Definition of Structure Is anything that is constructed, whether fixed or moveable, temporary or permanent and includes buildings, masts, towers, framework, pipelines, transport infrastructure and underground works, any component of a structure and part of a structure.

5 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Registration and Licencing of Plant and Structures Some plant must be registered with SafeWork SA before it can be supplied (at design) or before it can be used (management or control). Some plant require the operator to hold a high risk work licence before it can be operated.

6 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES The Principles of Safe Plant Management All hazards and risks to health and safety as a result of using plant are managed in accordance with risk management principles covering the full life cycle of plant. DesignManufacture Import / Supply Pre purchaseInstallUseDispose

7 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duties PCBU Primary duty to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that workers and other persons are not exposed to health and safety risks arising from the business or undertaking. This includes: The provision and maintenance of safe plant; and The safe use, handling, storage and transport of plant. PCBU with management or control of plant Officers Workers Also have a duty to: Manage the health and safety risks associated with plant. Prevent unauthorised alterations to or interference with plant. Use plant only for the purpose for which it was designed unless the proposed use does not increase the risk to health and safety. Duty to exercise due diligence to ensure that the PCBU complies with the WHS Act and Regulations. This includes taking reasonable steps to ensure that the PCBU has and uses appropriate resources and processes to eliminate or minimise risks that arise from plant used in the workplace. Duty to take reasonable care for their own health and safety and must not adversely affect the health and safety of other persons. Workers must comply with any reasonable instruction and cooperate with any reasonable policy or procedure relating to health and safety at the workplace.

8 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duty Holders PCBUPCBU MANUFACTURERS DESIGNERS IMPORTERS AND SUPPLIERS (Hirers and Leasers) SUPPLIERS OF SECOND HAND PLANT (Internal transfers within workplaces) INSTALL, CONSTRUCT OR COMMISSION PLANT OR STRUCTURES MANAGEMENT OR CONTROL OF PLANT AT A WORKPLACE

9 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duty Holders PCBUPCBU MANUFACTURERS DESIGNERS IMPORTERS AND SUPPLIERS (Hirers and Leasers) SUPPLIERS OF SECOND HAND PLANT (Internal transfers within workplaces) INSTALL, CONSTRUCT OR COMMISSION PLANT OR STRUCTURES MANAGEMENT OR CONTROL OF PLANT AT A WORKPLACE Eliminate or minimise risks at design stage where practicable Comply with specified requirements eg. guarding Provide information about the plant such as hazards and risks associated with the use, testing, inspections and emergency response requirements.

10 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duty Holders PCBUPCBU MANUFACTURERS DESIGNERS IMPORTERS AND SUPPLIERS (Hirers and Leasers) SUPPLIERS OF SECOND HAND PLANT (Internal transfers within workplaces) INSTALL, CONSTRUCT OR COMMISSION PLANT OR STRUCTURES MANAGEMENT OR CONTROL OF PLANT AT A WORKPLACE Inform the designer of any hazards identified during manufacture. If this is not possible, the manufacturer is required to eliminate or control the risk. Provide information about the plant eg. information about the hazards, to the person who is supplied the plant.

11 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duty Holders PCBUPCBU MANUFACTURERS DESIGNERS IMPORTERS AND SUPPLIERS (includes Hirers and Leasers) SUPPLIERS OF SECOND HAND PLANT (Internal transfers within workplaces) INSTALL, CONSTRUCT OR COMMISSION PLANT OR STRUCTURES MANAGEMENT OR CONTROL OF PLANT AT A WORKPLACE Obtain information about the plant from the manufacturer eg. hazards, risk assessments, control measures, operator /user manuals and instructions, construction, installation, erection, commissioning plans, records from previous owners. Provide this information to the person who is supplied the plant eg. safety records, inspection reports, maintenance, repair and any modifications to the plant.

12 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duty Holders PCBUPCBU MANUFACTURERS DESIGNERS IMPORTERS AND SUPPLIERS (Hirers and Leasers) SUPPLIERS OF SECOND HAND PLANT (Internal transfers within workplaces) INSTALL, CONSTRUCT OR COMMISSION PLANT OR STRUCTURES MANAGEMENT OR CONTROL OF PLANT AT A WORKPLACE Through sale, loan, trade-in, transfer or donation must: Identify any faults in the plant. Provide information in writing to the person who is supplied the plant about: -The condition of the plant. -Any identified faults. -Notice that the plant should not be used until faults have been fixed.

13 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duty Holders PCBUPCBU MANUFACTURERS DESIGNERS IMPORTERS AND SUPPLIERS (Hirers and Leasers) SUPPLIERS OF SECOND HAND PLANT (Internal transfers within workplaces) INSTALL, CONSTRUCT OR COMMISSION PLANT OR STRUCTURES MANAGEMENT OR CONTROL OF PLANT AT A WORKPLACE A competent or licensed person installs, constructs or commissions plant and structures in accordance with information provided by the designer, manufacturer, importer or supplier of the plant or structure.

14 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duty Holders PCBUPCBU MANUFACTURERS DESIGNERS IMPORTERS AND SUPPLIERS (Hirers and Leasers) SUPPLIERS OF SECOND HAND PLANT (Internal transfers within workplaces) INSTALL, CONSTRUCT OR COMMISSION PLANT OR STRUCTURES MANAGEMENT OR CONTROL OF PLANT AT A WORKPLACE Risks are manages in accordance with risk management requirements. Control measurers are implemented before installation or commissioned into use eg. guarding, e-stops. Unauthorised interference with or alteration to plant is prevented. Plant is only used for its intended purpose Risks associated with proposed use is assessed by a competent person. Guards, e-stops and warning devices are in place and operational. Safety features and warning devices are used. Plant does not create a risk to health and safety when not in use. Maintenance, inspection, repair and testing is only carried out by a competent person.

15 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Duty to Consult Design, manufacture and use of plant may involve several PCBUs. Where several PCBUs have duties on same matter, they must consult, co-operate and co-ordinate activities with each other on the matter. Duty to consult workers who may be affected.

16 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Alterations to or Interference with Existing Plant Risk assessments must be undertaken to determine potential impacts on existing operations and the health and safety of workers: Prior to any alteration or modification to existing plant. A change in the way plant is used or a system of work associated with the plant. A change in the location of the plant. Alterations or modifications, including the removal of guarding or interference with emergency stop controls or warning devices must not be undertaken without the site managers approval.

17 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Decommissioning, Dismantling and Disposing of Plant Plant can be identified as suitable for disposal because: It is no longer required due to change in workplace, procedure, function or activity. It no longer complies with WHS legislation, Australian Standards or DECD specifications. It is beyond economical repair and is suitable for scrap or spare parts only.

18 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Decommissioning, Dismantling and Disposing of Plant The process occurs in accordance with manufacturers instructions and is managed by a competent person. It complies with the requirements of Regulation 204 of the WHS Regulations 2012 to ensure that any hazards inherent in the process of decommissioning, dismantling or disposal have been identified and controlled. If the plant contains materials which are likely to present a risk to the health and safety of individuals or to the environment (eg. asbestos or a hazardous chemical), the material is disposed of in accordance with relevant regulatory requirements.

19 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment Detailed information on the identification of hazards, risk assessment process and control measures are provided in: DECD Guidelines for the Safe Use of Machinery. Managing the Risks of Plant in the Workplace Code of Practice. Where a hazard has been identified a risk assessment must be undertaken using the Plant Risk Assessment Form in consultation with affected workers.

20 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Control Measures Elimination Substitution Isolation Engineering Administration PPE

21 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Approved Codes of Practice relating to Plant SafeWork Australia has drafted a number of Approved Codes of Practices relevant to plant safety: How to manage work health and safety risks Managing risks of plant in the workplace Draft Codes of Practice pending: Safe design, manufacture, import a d supply of plant Managing risks of plant in rural workplaces

22 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Role of Approved Codes of Practice National Codes must be approved by the Minister to become ACOP. Admissible in court as evidence whether duty under the Act has been complied with. Court may have regard to ACOP: On what is known about a hazard or risk or risk control. To determine what is reasonably practicable in the circumstances. Evidence may be provided as compliance in a manner that is different from what is outlined in an ACOP – but the standard must be equal or better.

23 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Reasonably Practicable REASONABLY PRACTICABLE Likelihood of hazard or risk occurring Seriousness of harm (Death or disability) Availability or suitability of ways to eliminate or minimise risks Cost Knowledge about the risks (What you know or should know)

24 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Use Plant must used only for the purpose it was designed and is operated in accordance with manufacturers instructions. Safe work zones are established. Guards and e-stops must not be removed or tampered with. Safety Operating Procedures (SOPS) are placed in close proximity to the plant. Personal Protective Equipment suitable to the task is used where required. When plant is not in use for 3 months or more, an OUT OF SERVICE tag must be attached and plant is locked out where possible.

25 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Maintenance and Inspection Site Maintenance Schedules are to be maintained for all plant. Isolation or lock out systems to be used when inspecting, testing or performing maintenance or repairs to high risk plant in accordance with DECD specifications. Testing and tagging of electrical plant is to be undertaken in accordance with DECD Electrical Testing Procedure. Activities are undertaken by a competent person.

26 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES Record Keeping WHS Regulations has prescriptive record keeping requirements for: Maintenance, testing records of plant subject to design or item registration with SafeWork SA - life of plant. Presence sensing safeguarding systems – 5 years. DECD requires site managers to keep records for plant in their management or control For the life of the plant. Or until control is relinquished.

27 HEALTH AND SAFETY SERVICES http://www.decd.sa.gov.au/hrhealthsafety/ Phone: 8226 7555


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