Presentation on theme: "Lessons Learnt from Past Disaster David Evans Chief Technical Advisor"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lessons Learnt from Past Disaster David Evans Chief Technical Advisor UN-HABITATLessons Learnt from Past DisasterDavid EvansChief Technical AdvisorSri Lanka
2 Asian Tsunami: Indonesia; Sri Lanka; Thailand; India; etc USA: Katrina The last ten disasters up to Haiti (not comprehensive list)……India: GujaratIran: BamAsian Tsunami: Indonesia; Sri Lanka; Thailand; India; etcUSA: KatrinaPakistan: 30,000 sq km of destruction/inhospitable terrainIndonesia: JogyakartaMyanmar (Burma): NargisChina: SichuanItaly: L’AquilarHaiti(Chili)How quickly we start to forget…..First photos
13 Tin sheets (‘Flying razor blades’) waiting to be missiles in the first storm
14 HOW TO GET INTO TROUBLE Not listening to the affected people Not knowing the right things to doLacking experienceUnderestimating technical difficultyConfusion over who has Authority/ResponsibilityNot getting or developing clear statements of requirements (How many, where?)Too many changes in personnel in Governmnet ‘Project Managementteam and Ad Hoc institutions
15 Things to know Consultation with families. Bottom up Strong committed engagement from government essential to coordination mechanism, particularly around data collection and enforcement of standards.Shelter Cluster should be chaired by government and supported by co-chairs made up of a UN-Agency and a NGO (continuity ensured between UN and NGO).Strong coordination at hub or township level required. The ‘Centre’ must be responsive to the issues raised from the hubs. Danger that the centre just ‘takes’ and does not ‘give’.
16 Unambiguous shelter standards are required Unambiguous shelter standards are required. There should be no confusion between emergency standards and ER Shelter standardsCompliance with standards, agreed by the Shelter Cluster Technical Working Group, is essential. Donors have influence over their implementing partners. Shelter Coordinator should brief donors to ensure that donors insist on compliance.Donors should be aware that shelter coordination requires funding for approximately two years after a major disaster to ensure best practices are followed and value for money is achieved.
17 Shelter provision is one of the most effective direct and indirect livelihood generators and shelter provision should feature in donor livelihoods strategies.There is no ‘one-fit’ shelter solution. Cash grants, materials provision, full construction are all valid initiatives. However, using large contractors has globally and locally resulted in less consultation, less engagement of affected families and more expensive construction.Focus on funding must be maintained through the transition from Humanitarian response to Early Recovery. The transition is a ‘danger period’ for loss of focus and momentum and once lost, it may not be possible to regain.
18 There is a clear need for Public Information campaigns to explain eligibility. This is essential to avoid frustration, jealousy and negative rumours spreading which can result in equity related social conflict.Grievance/Dispute mechanism requiredPolicy uncertainty = Loss of momentumNGOs and Donors driven by large budgets. Not good programmatic sense. Beware, the relationship can quickly deteriorate!Absence of integrated planning and land allocation led to almost 20% non-occupation of contractor builtPromote low-cost insurance
19 Training artisans essential: invest in training Last slideReconstruction takes time. Not just about money more about ‘absorbative’ capacityDisaster as Opportunity: Design-out Vulnerability and Design-in SustainabilityLocal Solutions and Foreign Architects -Not ‘listening’= Inappropriate designTraining artisans essential: invest in trainingNational policy issues need to be developed quickly and consultativelyProvide what people need, not what your agency has to offer!Get people out of camps ASAP . Reduce dependency increase self –help/sustainabilityHLP/ Land Titles: mechanism to resolve disputes/blockagesOwner Driven Versus Contractor driven: Speed; Cost; Quality; Satisfaction levelsLearn from past: TEC and Clinton NGO Initiative - READ(at least the exec summaries)!!!End
20 Thank YouDavid EvansUN-HABITATTel: June 4th 2010