Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, www.alzaytouna.net The Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, www.alzaytouna.net The Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, The Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Beirut, Lebanon, A Call for International Action to Lift the Siege

2 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Gaza Strip is an occupied territory by international law. The Fourth Geneva Conventions that relate to the protection of civilians under any occupation by a foreign power points out that: No protected person may be punished for an offence he or she has not personally committed. Collective penalties and likewise all measures of intimidation or of terrorism are prohibited… Reprisals against protected persons and their property are prohibited… Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations,

3 Gaza Strip is suffering since mid June 2007 from a tight Israeli closure and collective punishment, which is about to result in a humanitarian catastrophe …

4 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, The Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza Gaza Strip The Closure The Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza –Food/Poverty –Water –Health/Medicine –Trade –Industry –Power Current Developments

5 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Gaza Strip Occupied Palestinian Territory, by international law Area: 363 km 2 Population ~ 1.5 million (July 2007 est.) including around 1 million refugees. Borders: –11 km land, with Egypt –51 km land, with Israel –40 km coastline Israeli occupation & control over land, sea and air access.

6 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, The Closure Collective punishment, siege, closures, blockades, etc… all these terms are not new in the Israeli practices since ever. Checkpoints, control of crossings, sea, water, airport bombed, raids on vital facilities, official institutions, markets, factories… Always used, but not as severely as today: –Al-Intifada 2000 –After Hamass victory in the elections –After Hamass control over Gaza Today the closure is so tight and the siege is so harsh that even basic essential humanitarian needs of food, medicine, and clean water are lacking.

7 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Gaza today is isolated like never before. There is misery and fear on every single Palestinian face you see here. BBC's Matthew Price 9/8/2007 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations,

8 The Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza The United Nations Office of Coordination for Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) released by the end of 2007 very alarming figures about the humanitarian crisis in Gaza.

9 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, OCHA reports (December 2007 and January 2008) stated that, since mid June 2007:

10 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Food/Poverty - No goods other than basic foods and medicines are being allowed into the Gaza Strip; Supplies of many stocks that are not considered absolutely essential are fast running out.

11 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Basic items including wheat grain, vegetable oil, dairy products and baby milk are in extremely short supply.

12 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Latest figures show poverty in the Gaza Strip has already reached unprecedented levels with around eight out of ten households living below the poverty line. Of these, 66.7% of Gazan households are living in deep poverty.

13 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - According to World Food Programme (WFP), of the 62% of households who stated a drop in spending, 93.5% cut back on food buying overall, leading to a 98% reduction in the purchase of meat and an 86% fall in the purchase of dairy products.

14 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Unemployment is set to rise above 50% in the Gaza Strip by the middle of 2008, if current trends continue. Joblessness in the Gaza Strip stood at 37.6% in the third quarter of 2007.

15 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - The UN currently provides food ass- istance to 80% of the population in Gaza Strip.

16 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Food aid in Gaza is dispensed by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) to 850,000 refugees and WFP to 300,000 non- refugees. UNRWA has sufficient reserves of food but almost ran out of sacking and bags required to distribute food. WFP has very limited stocks of food for 120,000 of their beneficiaries and on 23/1/2008, only 10,000 people were given a portion of their rations.

17 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Water - In December 2007, Gaza's water authority (the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility, CMWU) received 50% of its fuel needs.

18 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - As of 21/1/2008, the CMWU had only enough fuel to pump water from 40 out of its 130 wells, and to pump sewage at 21 out of its 33 pumping stations. At least 40% of Gazans had no running water during this time, while 30% of the population (450,000) still had no water by 23 January 2008.

19 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Lack of access to clean water will lead to children falling sick, AP, January 2008

20 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Health/Medicine - Availability of medical supplies at Ministry of Health (MoH) facilities: 105 of the 416 essential drugs (25.2%) and 203 of the 596 essential medical supplies (34%) were at zero availability in December due to the lack of financial resources. These drugs include six first-line pediatric antibiotics and oncology drugs needed by 135 patients.

21 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Approximately 1,000 different spare parts for medical and non medical equipment remain unavailable in MoH stocks and on the local market and cannot be imported into Gaza due to the current import restrictions.

22 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - The standard of healthcare in the Gaza Strip is deteriorating rapidly. The majority of diagnostic laboratory equipment, for example MRI and x-ray equipment, at Ministry of Health facilities are no longer functioning, and cannot be repaired due to the inability to import spare parts.

23 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Israeli raids continued, regardless of the suffering and closure, and with the lack of necessary medicine and sufficient healthcare facilities, civilians injured suffered even more. Raids targeted civilians, power facilities, factories, and markets…

24 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Trade - Due to the import restrictions of equipment and spare parts, 40% of Gaza's municipality vehicles and 600 containers need urgent replacement. The market square is empty, Alzawieh Market, Gaza, June 2007

25 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - The import of agricultural products was 36.6% less from June to December 2007 compared to the same period in The export of agricultural products was 89.6% less from June to December 2007 compared to the same period in Grocery store in Gaza, bombed by an Israeli raid, May 2007

26 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Projects, including those funded by the World Bank and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), have been on hold since mid-June due to the inability to import the required parts and equipment such as pipes, valves, water and waste water pumps and electromechanical spare parts. - None of the industrial sector's goods have been exported since mid-June 2007.

27 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Imports & Exports (May05-Nov07)

28 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Industry - The Gaza Strip's private sector, which generates 53% of all its jobs, has been hardest hit by the closure and the resulting lack of raw materials and trade opportunities. More than 75,000 workers out of approximately 110,000 employed by the private sector have been temporarily laid off.

29 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Gaza, June 2007, Al-auda biscuit factory is closed due to a shortage in cocoa. 350 employees, supporting 2,450 dependents – are since then thrown out of work.

30 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Nearly 90% of all industrial establish- ments (3,500 out of 3,900) have shut down since mid-June 2007, either temporarily or permanently, including the most significant factories located at Karni Industrial Zone. Production lines halted. A Factory in Gaza, June 2007.

31 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Only 10% of the Gazan Strip's industries (400 establishments) remain partially functional at a low capacity (below 20%) and after five months of closures, are shortly expected to run out of raw materials. A factory in Gaza Strip, bombed by an Israeli raid, May 2007

32 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - The Gazan construction sector is currently paralyzed, mainly due to shortages in basic building materials such as cement, aggregates and steel, on which it is entirely dependent. - By the end of November 2007, all construction factories (438) had shut down.

33 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Power - By the end of January 2008, a new crisis aggravated in the Gaza Strip. The fuel that was used to empower the only remaining power station in Gaza was running out.

34 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, - Gaza uses 200 megawatts of electricity; Israel supplies 60% of this, and Egypt 8%; The remaining 32% is produced by Gaza's power station; Israel supplies the fuel oil for the Gaza power station.

35 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, -20 January: Gaza's only power plant shuts down.

36 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, -22 January: Israel eases restrictions on a limited amount of fuel. Current Developments

37 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, -22 January: Egyptian border guards disper- se Palestinian protest against closure Current Developments

38 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, January: Border wall breached by civilian Palestinian crowds Current Developments

39 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, -Today: Is the crisis over? -Were few days of opening the crossing enough for re- constructing what years of closure and suffering aggravated? -Were these few days enough taking into consideration that now everything might go back to what it was before or even worse? -Isnt it time yet for our action towards ending the Israeli occupation, giving the Palestinians their humanity, justice, and Giving them freedom… Current Developments

40 Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, Lift the Siege on Gaza Strip Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations,

41 OHCA Reports: Gaza Strip Humanitarian Fact Sheet, December 2007 The Closure of the Gaza Strip: The Economic and Humanitarian Consequences, December 2007 Gaza Closure: Situation Report, January 2008 Gaza Closure: Situation Report, 29 January 2008 Gaza Humanitarian Situation Report: Power Shortages in the Gaza Strip, 8 January 2008Gaza Strip Humanitarian Fact Sheet, December 2007 The Closure of the Gaza Strip: The Economic and Humanitarian Consequences, December 2007 Gaza Closure: Situation Report, January 2008 Gaza Closure: Situation Report, 29 January 2008 Gaza Humanitarian Situation Report: Power Shortages in the Gaza Strip, 8 January 2008 All reports are available online at the Report Centre, OCHA website for the occupied Palestinian Territory, (last accessed 4/2/2008), url:


Download ppt "Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies and Consultations, www.alzaytouna.net The Humanitarian Crisis in Gaza Prepared by: Al-Zaytouna Centre for Studies."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google