Presentation on theme: "1948 War of Independence / Nahkba 1956 Suez/Sinai War 1964-66 Syrian Border and Air Battles 1965-66 West Bank Raids 1967 Six Day War / Naksa 1968-70 War."— Presentation transcript:
1948 War of Independence / Nahkba 1956 Suez/Sinai War Syrian Border and Air Battles West Bank Raids 1967 Six Day War / Naksa War of Attrition (Egypt) 1973 Yom Kippur/Ramadan War 1978 Israeli Invasion of Lebanon and re-occurring conflict to the present First Intifada Al-Aqsa/Second Intifada 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War (Lebabon) 2007 Air Strike on Syria 2008 Gaza War
1922British Mandate Jews7.4% (56,000) Arabs92.6% (700,000) 1947Jewish StatePalestinian Jews60%2% Arabs40%98% 1948Jewish State Today WBGaza Jews85% (600,000) 6 mil 200,000 0 Arabs15% (150,000) 1.5 mil 2.5 mil1.3 mil 700,000 Palestinian refugees (80% from Israel) Figures as high as 7 million total refugees today (WB/Gaza 3.7 million)
Land Allocation: Basic Data * 20.2% of Israel's citizens are Arabs. * There are more than 1000 Jewish settlements in Israel, and 107 Arab settlements. Since 1948 no Arab settlement was established (as a result of an Arab initiative). 800 new Jewish settlements were established. * The State of Israel owns 19.5 million dunam of lands. 93% out of the state-owned land is administered by the Israel Land Administration (ILA). * 3.5% of the land is private land owned by Jews, 3.5% of the land is privately owned by Arabs.
Israel / Palestine The Tale of Two Histories Jewish History Worldwide Anti-Semitism Zionism: Israel as special place in Jewish national history Return and renewal of land War of Independence –Arabs left/ran away/voluntary –Jews are miraculously victorious –Jerusalem still under Muslim rule War of 1967 Terrorists Jewish State Palestinian History Jews and Arabs live in relative peace under Ottoman rule No real national identity; pan- Arabism Threatened by new Jewish kibbutzim and immigration The Nahkba – Catastrophe –Arabs were systematically expelled from the land –Jews as colonialists War of 1967 – The Naksa: another catastrophe; lose Jerusalem Freedom Fighters/Martyrs Apartheid State
Separation Wall Necessary for security (since built 97% of all terrorist attacks have ceased) Or Further encroachment of Israel into Palestine and barrier to peace
Settlements: A Roadblock to Peace?
Issues at Stake Jews Security – Terrorism; Islamic Fundamentalism; full cooperation Demography Limited right of return Jewish State Jerusalem as capital – non- negotiable Negotiation of settlements and borders Water Palestinians Equal rights as Arab-Israeli citizens Full right of Return (UN 194) Compensation One-State Solution? Two- State Solution (UN 242)? Apology/Recognition by Israel for their part in refugee situation East Jerusalem as capital Return to 1967 borders and dismantling of all settlements Water