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O 45 species of termites in US O Only 2 species are native
Termites O Gut symbionts help digest cellulose (wood) O Bacteria and protozoans
Termites O Mature queen lays up to 10,000 eggs per week O She can live 10 years or more O Thats 60 million eggs
Termites and Ants O Both swarm same time of year O When reproductive take flight O Start new colony
Termites and Ants O Ants have constricted waist O Between thorax and abdomen
Termites O Spread chemical messages through frequent grooming O Anal trophallaxis O Fluids exchange anus to mouth O Also transfers gut symbionts through colony
Caste System O Reproductive Castes O Produce a queen
Caste System O Worker Caste O Food, grooming
Caste System O Soldier Caste O Enlarged mandibles
Moisture O Carry moist soil above ground O Mud tubes O Keep termites moist
Moisture O Cemented with saliva and fecal matter O Mud left behind in wood
Moisture O Leaky pipes O Wet areas O Shrubs against house
Food O Radial paths spreading from colony in search of food O Spokes on wheel O Cant find food, likely bump into it
Food O Cellulose is food source O Untreated wood O Trees, stumps, firewood, O Attracted to partially decomposed wood
Food O Eat softer spring wood in growth rings O Leave harder summer wood O Only eat 20% of total wood O Lattice symptom
Food O Mud left in tunnels O Carpenter ants leave clean tunnels
Inspection O Shed wings or dead swarmer termites O Window sills O Mud tubes O Tiny holes in baseboards O Hollow thump
Prevention O Eliminate wood to ground contact O 90% of infestations O Firewood away from house O Untreated wood 6 above ground O Use treated wood for ground contact
Control Termiticide Treatments O Chemical barrier around house O Trenching and rodding O Slabs are drilled and injected
Control Bait Stations O A non-lethal food source around house O Stations every 10 to 15 O 12 to 18 from house O Frequently monitored
Control Bait Stations O If termites are present, non-lethal food source replaced with poison bait O Slow-acting poison taken back to colony
Prevention O Keep vegetation and mulch away from house O Mulch serves as a moisture conduit O Mulch not a food source O Even pea gravel
Prevention O Gutters and downspouts away from house
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