Presentation on theme: "Sun safety and heat stress awareness"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sun safety and heat stress awareness UNIVERSITY ofNORTHERN COLORADOHydrationMatters!Sun safety and heat stress awareness
2 How to Move Forward/Backward when viewing this slide show To move forward press enter or the down arrow keyTo view the previous slide press backspace or the up arrow key
3 Working Safely in the Sun EssentialsFluidsDrink LOTS of water or an electrolyte replacement drinkBring enough to last you the entire day or continuously refill your containerSunscreen or sun blockApply before you arrive at workReapply throughout the dayWear the proper attireLight colored clothes reflect the sun and help to keep you coolCovering your skin will better protect against damaging UV lightWear a hatBetter protects the sensitive skin of your ears, neck and face
4 Sunscreen vs. Sun block Sun block Sun block is opaque and stronger than sunscreenAble to block a majority of the UVA/UVB rays and radiation from the sun,Sun block's ingredients do not break down rapidly in sunlight so it is unnecessary to reapply frequently.SunscreenSunscreen is more transparent once applied to the skinAlso able to protect against UVA/UVB raysSunscreen's ingredients break down at a faster rate once exposed to sunlight, allowing radiation to penetrate the skin.For sunscreen to be more effective frequent reapplication and a higher spf is recommended.Sun Protection Factor (SPF)The SPF of a sunscreen is a laboratory measurement of the effectiveness of sunscreenThe higher the SPF, the more protection a sunscreen offers against UV-B (the ultraviolet radiation that causes a sunburn).
5 What are some signs that you are suffering fromheat stress?
6 Signs and symptoms Dehydration Thirst By the time your body tells you that you are thirsty you are already mildly dehydrated. Drinking water at this stage can prevent you from progressing to the more serious kinds of heat related illnesses.Heat cramps:Cramping in the abdomen, legs or armsThe loss of water and salt from heavy sweating causes cramps. These cramps can be mild or very painful. Heat exhaustionDizzinessHeadacheNausea
7 Signs and symptomsHeat Stroke or sun strokeHot, red and dry skinRapid, weak pulseRapid, shallow breathing.Increase in body temperature –can reach as high as 105o F.Vomiting. Confusion. Throbbing headache. Decreased alertness level or complete loss of consciousness. Seizures. This late stage of a heat-related illness is life threatening. Call or the local emergency number
8 Stages of Heat-Related Illnesses First Stage: DehydrationEasily curable with shade, rest and waterMay resume work activities after symptoms subsideSecond Stage: Muscle CrampsEasily curable with rest, massage and waterThird Stage: Heat exhaustionModerately easy to cure with shade, rest and waterMay or may not be able to resume workFourth Stage: Heat Stroke or Sun StrokeLife threatening-Call immediatelyMay not resume work
9 for Heat Related Emergencies How to Carefor Heat Related EmergenciesFor Heat CrampsStop activity and rest.If the person is fully awake and alert, have him or her drink small amounts of cool water or a commercial sports drink.Gently stretch the cramped muscle and hold the stretch for about 20 seconds, then gently massage the muscle.Repeat these steps if necessary.If the victim has no other signals of heat-related illness, the person may resume activity after the cramps stop.
10 for Heat Related Emergencies How to Carefor Heat Related EmergenciesFor Heat Exhaustion:Get the person to a cooler place and have him or her rest in a comfortable position.If the person is fully awake and alert, give a half glass of cool water every 15 minutes.Do not let him or her drink too quickly.Do not give liquids with alcohol or caffeine in them, as they can make conditions worse.Remove or loosen tight clothing and apply cool, wet cloths such as towels or wet sheets.Get the person into an air conditioned space if possible.Call or the local emergency number if the person refuses water, vomits or loses consciousness.
11 How to Care for Heat Related Emergencies For Heat Stroke:Heat stroke is a life-threatening situation! Help is needed fast.Call 9-1-1immediatelyMove the person to a cooler place.Quickly cool the body using any means available, including cool water and ice.If you have ice packs or cold packs, wrap them in a cloth and place them on each of the victim's wrists and ankles, in the armpits and on the neck to cool the large blood vessels.Wrap wet cloths around the body and place the person in front of a fan or air conditioner.Watch for signals of breathing problems and make sure the airway is clear.Keep the person conscious
12 for Heat Related Emergencies Rememberfor Heat Related EmergenciesCool the BodyGive FluidsMinimize Shock
13 University of Northern Colorado Environmental Health & Safety Call for questions or concerns!“Protect Yourself”