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1 Quarkonium polarization with PHP data A. Bertolin QWG DESY 16/10/07 Outlook: (inelastic) quarkonium at HERA cross section measurements in PHP (new)

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Presentation on theme: "1 Quarkonium polarization with PHP data A. Bertolin QWG DESY 16/10/07 Outlook: (inelastic) quarkonium at HERA cross section measurements in PHP (new)"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Quarkonium polarization with PHP data A. Bertolin QWG DESY 16/10/07 Outlook: (inelastic) quarkonium at HERA cross section measurements in PHP (new) polarization measurements in PHP conclusions and future prospects

2 2 (inelastic) quarkonium at HERA PHP low Q 2 electron escape undetected inelastic accompanying final state hadrons J/

3 3 + diffractive contributions: suppressed by cuts on the main kinematic quantities direct CS model 0.2 < z < 0.9 direct CO model this particular diagram: 0.2 < z < 0.9 more typical ones: z > 0.9 resolved CS model z < 0.2 (inelastic) quarkonium at HERA z = E(J / E( p rest frame

4 4 no strong conclusion because of the large normalization uncertainties of the theoretical predictions cross section measurements in PHP

5 5 study of the polar and azimuthal decay angular distribution of J/ mesons; in general the decay angular distribution in the J/ψ rest frame is parameterized as (M. Beneke, M. Kramer and M. Vanttinen, Phys. Rev. D 57, 4258 (1998)): d 2 σ/d dy 1 + λ(y) cos 2 θ + µ(y) sin 2θ cos φ + ½ ν(y) sin 2 θ cos 2φ where y stands for a set of variables (z and p t (J/ ) are good candidates) λ, µ, ν are related to the different color-octet matrix elements involved λ, µ, ν also depend on the definition of a coordinate system main advantage: Since the decay angular distribution parameters are normalized, the dependence on parameters that affect the absolute normalization of cross sections, such as m c, s, R F and parton distribution, cancels to a large extent and does not constitute a significant uncertainty main source of theoretical uncertainties gone main disadvantage: for every y bin we have to fit a distribution unlikely requires large statistics polarization measurements (helicity parameters)

6 6 integrate the helicity master formula in φ 1/ d 2 σ/dcos θ dy 1 + λ(y) cos 2 θ in cos θ 1/ d 2 σ/dcos θ dy 1 + 1/3 λ(y) + 1/3 ν(y) cos 2φ which frame ? frame accessible experimentally using PHP events: target frame z axis (quantization axis): along the opposite of the incoming proton direction in the J/ rest frame x and y axis: chosen to complete a right-handed coordinate system in the J/ rest frame according to some conventions we were given by the theorists different helicity of the lepton beam does not matter as long as the proton beam is unpolarized (always true at HERA) : angle between the + vector in the J/ rest frame and the z axis φ: azimuthal angle in the x-y plane of the + vector in the J/ rest frame polarization measurements (helicity parameters)

7 7 data NOT corrected for: B J/ anything very small contribution at HERA 2S) J/ anything 2S 1S 0.33 ± 0.10 stat.) – 0.02 (sys.) BR(2S 1S anything) = (55.7 ± 2.6) % [PDG] 2S) J/ anything / J/ ~ 15 dilute the polarization polarization measurements (helicity parameters) 38 pb -1 < 1/10 of what we have now experimentally it is very difficult to perform reliably these corrections

8 8 (new) polarization measurements in PHP 0.4 < z < 1 high p T region difficult to access at HERA

9 9 (new) polarization measurements in PHP p T > 1 GeV : good agreement between data and (degenerous) theory : do not see the positive values expected in the CS model

10 10 conclusions the ZEUS helicity measurement has been updated with all the HERA available stat. seems to be the more interesting parameter in order to access the size of the color octet matrix elements at HERA hopefully this measurement will be converted soon to a journal paper … may try to improve the sys. with some more work ZEUS helicity data are compared to a LO prediction … can the theory be improved in this respect ? can we have predictions also in the k t approach ? … later on we plan a paper on J/ differential cross sections (PHP and DIS)


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