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1 First Measurement of the Structure Function b 1 on Tensor Polarized Deuteron Target at HERMES A.Nagaitsev Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna.

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Presentation on theme: "1 First Measurement of the Structure Function b 1 on Tensor Polarized Deuteron Target at HERMES A.Nagaitsev Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 First Measurement of the Structure Function b 1 on Tensor Polarized Deuteron Target at HERMES A.Nagaitsev Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna for the collaboration 1. The tensor asymmetry and structure function b 1 2. HERMES Polarized Target 3. HERMES Spectrometer 4. Extraction of Tensor asymmetry 5.The results 6. Conclusions

2 2 The tensor asymmetry and structure function b 1 In QPM the quark distribution for spin-1 target: q is the probability to find parton(quark) with momentum fraction x and the same (+) and opposite (-) helicity with respect to the nucleon Proton Deuteron F 1 1/2  f e 2 (q + + q - ) 1/3  f e 2 (q + + q - + q 0 ) g 1 1/2  f e 2 (q + - q - ) 1/2  f e 2 (q + - q - ) b /3  f e 2 (2q 0 - q - - q + ) F 2, b 2 F 2 =2x(1+R)F 1 /(1+   ) b 2 =2x(1+R)b 1 /(1+   ) g 2, b 3, b 4 higher twist contribution to the DIS cross section x – Bjorken variable,    Q 2 / 2

3 3 The tensor asymmetry and structure function b 1 The inclusive differential cross section for the DIS off spin-1 target:    p +    p     p 0    p +    p     p 0 p +  0   where p +  0 are the probabilities of the corresponding projections and   are the cross sections for the target states. Vector polarization: V = p + - p -  Tensor polarization: T = p + + p - - 2p 0 With definitions of Vector and Tensor polarizations and Beam Polarization (P B ):  U (1+ P B VA //  U (1+ P B VA // +1/2TA T )  U        /3 Unpolarized cross section:  U        /3 Tensor polarization asymmetry: A T =        /  U  b 1 / F 1 ) A T =        /  U  b 1 / F 1 ) Vector polarization asymmetry: A // =            ~ g 1 / F 1, 1/2 T A T - contamination of A // A // =            ~ g 1 / F 1, 1/2 T A T - contamination of A //

4 4 HERMES Polarized/Unpolarized Target ABS: ABS: to provide nuclear polarized hydrogen or deuterium atoms for the HERMES target Cell: Cell: open-ended, thin walls, areal density at/cm 2 TGA: TGA: target gas analyser, to measure atomic and molecular abundances BRP: BRP: Breit-Rabi Polarimeter measures nuclear polarization The energy diagram of the hyperfine states of hydrogen and deuterium as function of the magnetic holding field Polarization Injected state V T Vector + |1> +|6> N Vector - |3> +|4> N Tensor +/- |3> +|6> N +/- 0 1 Tensor 0 |2> +|5> N

5 5 HERMES Spectrometer Tracking Particle Identification Lumi Monitor Tracking Particle Identification Lumi Monitor Drift and Proportional TRD, Preshower,RICH 2 Calorimeters chambers Calorimeter  p/p ~ 2%,  ~ 1% e PID eff. ~ 98-99% Bhabha, Moller  p/p ~ 2%,  ~ 1% e PID eff. ~ 98-99% Bhabha, Moller  x/x ~ 3-8%,  Q 2 /Q 2  ~1-2% Hadron contam. ~ 1-2 % scattering  x/x ~ 3-8%,  Q 2 /Q 2  ~1-2% Hadron contam. ~ 1-2 % scattering

6 6 Extraction of Tensor Asymmetry Data taking during 1 month (flip vector/tensor target polarization): 1.5 M selected events with tensor polarized target Kinematical cuts: GeV 2, GeV 2 6 bins over x Tensor asymmetry: N are the number of DIS events in the kinematical bin, L are dead-time corrected luminosity, is the tensor polarization =0.83+/ No depolarization factor, no beam polarization, because b 1 is in symmetric part of the hadronic vertex tensor

7 7 The results on A T A T is small : less that 2 % Contamination on A // is found to be less than 1% (1/2TA T ) Radiative corrections are calculated with POLRAD 2.0 (elastic tail only) The systematic uncertainties dominated by target polarization: 3%

8 8 The results on b 1 The structure function b 1 was calculated: b 1 =-3/2 A T F 1 D from NMC fit, NP B371(1992) from ALLM97 fit, Abramowicz and A.Levy, hep-ph/ The structure function R=  L   Whitlow et. al., Phys.Lett. B250(1990) No higher twist effects considered b 1 deviates from zero at low x

9 9 The results on b 2 Comparison with Bora-Jaffe prediction: K.Bora and R.Jaffe Phys.Rev. D57(1998) The electron-nucleon cross section at the starting point for Q 2 evolution by vector-meson-dominance (VMD). Shadowing due to the double-scat- tering of vector mesons, along with the presence of a d-state admixture in ground state deuteron wave function gives rise to a non vanishing contribution to b 1 (x, Q 2 ).

10 10 Conclusions The tensor asymmetry and structure functions b 1, b 2 are measured for the first time on tensor polarized atomic deuteron target at HERMES with 27.6 GeV positron beam. The measured tensor asymmetry A T is small : less than 2 % Contamination on A // is found to be less than 1% The structure function b 1 deviates from zero at low x, x<0.1 The obtained structure function b 2 is in qualitatively agreement with Bora - Jaffe prediction


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