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Work done in collaboration with Stefano Frixione 1 Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14 Jet and Di-jet production in Photon–Photon collisions Leonardo Bertora 1,2 1 2 INFN, Sezione di Genova Università di Genova, DiFi

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Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14 Real photon production Bremmstrahlung at e e colliders (LEP) -+ Real photon In this case, the photon virtuality averaged is of order, and we can consider both photons as real. If are small, typically below 30 mrad, both the leptons are “untagged”. Before interacting a real photon can fluctuate in a hadronic state, revealing a “structure”. In a high energy domain, QCD has to be able to describe photon hard interactions.

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OPAL, hep-ex/ L3, see Photon2003 proceedings DELPHI, see Photon2001 proceedings Future Linear Collider … Theoretical results: Photon – Photon Hard Collisions Motivations: Hard production of jets is a complementary method (with respect to DIS) to study the “structure” of the photon It is rich test for QCD (since the beginning of history…Han-Nambu integer charges model) Experimental Situation: As of now only the theoretical prediction by Klasen, Kleinwort, Kramer (KKK) (hep-ph/ and hep-ph/ ) is available Situation Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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We are not able to compute differential cross section analytically We fight against large unphysical oscillations and the computer precision A general method should be adopted in order to cancel out divergences analytically, and finite remainders can be numerical (MC) integrated We use subtraction method, KKK used slicing one … double test: a different computation with a different method Factorization theorem Motivations Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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About subtraction method: Neglected O( ) terms Large-number cancellations without any approximation and large-number cancellation (beware of narrow bins) Real emission plus virtual correction Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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We have recalculated and checked (with respect to KKK’s) matrix elements We implemented a “partons generator” (hep-ph/ and hep-ph/ ) divided in three classes of Feynman diagrams: double resolved, single resolved, direct diagrams …paper in preparation The structure of the “home made” computation We have to rely on non-perturbative inputs such as PDFs and + ++ … NLO terms Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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A first check: A comparison with OPAL 1997 (one inclusive jet) Ok, at least we are on the right path… The first check Inclusive Jet Production in Photon-Photon Collision at sqrt(s)=130 and 136 GeV, Opal coll., Zeit. Fur Physik(1997) Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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But we need self consistence tests!!! Unfortunately they are very boring! Let’s try to see their physical meaning: what about the true point-like photon contribution to the cross section? Changing the factorization scheme Scheme DI-MS Each class of diagrams is separately divergent: We have removed analytically the infinities modulo finite, scheme dependent, terms Thus colored histos do not have a real physical meaning Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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Changing the factorization scale Changing the PDF Try another way… Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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Let’s try to understand where our troubles come from Dangerous regions: Zoom Failure of the perturbative computation PYTHIA HERWIG OPAL 350% Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14 Let’s try to understand where our troubles come from Recall our simple model to deal with the final state direct contribution in the dangerous region

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Cuts on the phase space for di-jet observables Phi angle NLO Limit Observation: In NLO computation In the limit we run into IR divergences! Symmetric cuts on Et imply large log corrections Opal coll. have chosen to impose: … thus even if in principle Opal’s choice could be dangerous, in practice it is far from the singularity sources! Et min Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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Data from Di-Jet Production in photon-photon collisions at sqrt(s) from 189 to 209 GeV, OPAL coll., hep-ex/ Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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Results:opal2 Data from Di-Jet Production in photon-photon collisions at sqrt(s) from 189 to 209 GeV, OPAL coll., hep-ex/

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Results:l3 Good shape, but not really good normalization Wrong shape and normalization: Preliminary data seem to confirm L3-hadron production discrepancy with NLO prediction Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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Finally, we analyzed some theoretical QCD (NLO) difficulties to describe well particular exclusive observables measured by OPAL. Theoretical uncertainties for inclusive observables are under control. Conclusions We implemented a computer code to compute jet and di-jet observables using the subtraction method; our results are in agreement with the predictions by KKK. The comparisons of our results with OPAL data are really satisfactory for inclusive observables. The comparison with L3 data is troublesome! Leonardo Bertora, 2004 April 14

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L. Bertora Results:opalB PHYTIA KKK NLO/(1+ hadr ) Data from Di-Jet Production in photon-photon collisions at sqrt(s) from 189 to 209 GeV, OPAL coll., hep-ex/

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Results:opalc Data from Di-Jet Production in photon-photon collisions at sqrt(s) from 189 to 209 GeV, OPAL coll., hep-ex/

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