4ObjectivesExplain the importance of being an informed citizen and exercising your right to vote.Describe the purpose of taxes.Consider why community involvement is important to individuals, especially teens.
6To Be Informed You have the responsibility to be informed to vote to obey the lawto pay taxesto be involved in your communitycontinued
7To Be InformedYour right: To receive information about the world around youYour responsibility: To use the information to be an informed citizen
8To Vote Your right: To help choose your government leaders Your responsibility: To become informed on the issues and the candidates’ viewsIf you are at least 18 years old and a U.S. citizen, you may register to vote
9Did You Know? In the 2008 U.S. election, 206 million people were eligible to vote146 million people registered to vote131 million people voted
10To Obey the Law Life would be chaos without laws Your right: To enjoy the benefits that laws provideYour responsibility: To obey laws that govern your behavior
11To Pay Taxes Federal, state, and local governments collect taxes Your right: To benefit from the services provided by tax dollarsYour responsibility: To pay taxes
13To Be Involved in Your Community Volunteers provide their time, talents, and energy free of chargeYour right: To benefit from public services and nonprofit agenciesYour responsibility: To become involved in the community by volunteeringcontinued
14To Be Involved in Your Community Benefits of volunteering includelearning more about your communityfeeling good about making a contributionperfecting skills and learning new onesdetermining career interestsgaining experience and making job contacts
16Section 5-1 ReviewWhy do you need to be informed about factors that impact the economy?they can limit your ability to find a job and purchase goods and servicesTrue or false. Voting is a right enjoyed by citizens in every country.false—people in many nations do not have the right to votecontinued
17Section 5-1 ReviewList goods and services you use everyday that are funded by tax dollars.Answers will vary.You are a citizen of a city, state, nation, and _____.world
18Caring for the Environment Section 5-2Caring for the Environment
19Objectives Explain the importance of a healthful environment. Identify the causes of different types of pollution.Relate how pollution affects people’s health.Discuss ways people can protect and build a healthful environment.
21A Healthful Environment Healthful environment characteristicsclean airunpolluted waterrich soila continuing supply of natural resourcessurroundings that provide privacy and recreation and support plants and animals
27Air Pollution Pollutants can build up over time in the air Air pollution is linked to respiratory ailmentsThe burning of fossil fuels creates airborne pollutantscontinued
28Air PollutionChemical pollutants weaken the ozone layer which allows more solar radiation to reach the earthElectrical power plant and motor vehicle emissions can create acid rain, which can damage the environment, buildings, and other structures
29Water PollutionWater pollution is the accidental or careless addition of waste materials toriverslakesoceansunderground water suppliescontinued
42Section 5-2 Review What is the source of fossil fuels? decayed plants and animals that lived long agoGive examples of toxic waste.Answers will vary, but may include used motor oil, antifreeze, certain batteries, empty pesticide containers, solventscontinued
43Section 5-2 ReviewList two ways you can minimize product- packaging waste.(List two:) choose products with minimal or no packaging, reuse empty containers, use rechargeable batteries, recycle
45Objectives Identify renewable and nonrenewable energy sources. Discuss ways you can help conserve energy at home.
46Nonrenewable Energy Sources Caring for the environment involves using energy wiselyEnergy is something that gives a machine the power to perform an actionLight, heat, and electrical are types of energycontinued
59Geothermal Energy Heat is collected as steam to generate electricity It is available in certain locations, especially areas in the western U.S.
60Energy in the FutureDelivering energy may become a problem because of dependence on fossil fuelsRenewable energy sources make up a small percentage of U.S. energy suppliesGreater investment in research and development is needed
61You Can Help Conserve Energy An important goal for everyone is to reduce the use of fossil fuelsUse energy-efficient appliancesLearn how to live with and use appliances efficientlyUsing less energy lowers utility bills
66Water Heating Reduce hot water usage by using cold water when possible taking quick showers and using aerating showerheadsrunning appliances with full loads onlylowering the water heater temperatureinsulating the hot water storage tank
70LightingUse the lightbulb that gives adequate light with the lowest wattageWattage indicates the amount of energy required to operate a bulbLumens indicate the amount of light produced by a given source
71Refrigerated Food Storage To save energyopen and close doors quicklycover food storage containers before storagekeep refrigerator temperatures between 37°F and 40°F
72Other Kitchen and Laundry Appliances DishwasherWhen loading, scrape off rather than rinse off food scraps and use the air-drying featureRangeMatch pan size to the heating element, use covers, and use the oven to cook several dishes at the same timecontinued
74Home Electronics and Office Equipment They use energy when they are turned offWhen not in use, unplug products or plug them into a power strip that is switched off
75Shopping for Energy Efficiency When shopping for new products, considerpurchase priceoperating costEnergyGuide labels help you compare operating costs of major appliancesEnergy Star labels identify the most energy-efficient products
76Section 5-3 ReviewTrue or false. Fossil fuels are a type of renewable energy.false—they are a type of nonrenewable energyWhy is burning coal, which is abundant, to create energy a problem?by-products of burning coal can add to air pollutioncontinued
77Section 5-3 ReviewMore than half of the energy used in a household is used for _____ and _____.heating, coolingWhat does the wattage of a lightbulb indicate?the amount of energy required to operate the bulb
78Glossarybiomass. Plant and animal matter that provides energy when burned.fossil fuels. Energy sources, such as oil, coal, and natural gas, derived from the partly decayed plants and animals that lived long ago.
79Glossaryhazardous waste. A by-product of society that poses a danger to human health or the environment when not properly managed.lumens. A measurement of the amount of light produced by a given source.pollution. All the harmful changes in the environment caused by human activities.
80Glossary recycle. To reprocess resources so they can be used again. solar energy. Energy produced from the sun.toxic waste. Waste that can cause injury if inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed through the skin.
81Glossaryvolunteers. People who provide valuable services by offering their time, talents, and energy free of charge.wattage. A measurement of the amount of energy required to operate an electrical device.