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Comprehensive Policy Analysis: Epinephrine Use and Supply in Florida Schools Dianne Mennitt NGR 6897L.

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Presentation on theme: "Comprehensive Policy Analysis: Epinephrine Use and Supply in Florida Schools Dianne Mennitt NGR 6897L."— Presentation transcript:

1 Comprehensive Policy Analysis: Epinephrine Use and Supply in Florida Schools Dianne Mennitt NGR 6897L

2 Learning Objectives Synthesize the evolving federal and state legislation related to epinephrine use and supply in Florida schools Analyze proposed policy development process for implementation of approved legislation Consider stakeholder risks and benefits Plan for policy adoption through interprofessional collaboration

3 2004 Federal Legislation Congress passed House Resolution (H.R.) 2023: Asthmatic Schoolchildrens Treatment and Health Management Act This federal law (Public Law No: ) gives preference in awarding certain federal grants to states that allow students to self-administer medication for asthma and anaphylaxis

4 2005 Epinephrine Legislation in Florida The 2005 Florida Legislature amended section , Florida Statutes (F.S.), to give public school students the right to carry and self- administer an epinephrine auto-injector if the school has been provided with parent and physician authorization

5 Epinephrine Policy Development in Florida A provision of the 2005 epinephrine legislation provided the State Board of Education and the Department of Health with joint rulemaking authority for the use of epinephrine auto- injectors at school Rule 6A , Florida Administrative Code (F.A.C.), was promulgated in order to implement the epinephrine legislation (i.e., Kelsey Ryan Act) The Florida Department of Education, working in partnership with the Department of Health as well as public and private stakeholders, developed a technical assistance paper (TAP, 2006) to provide guidance to school districts for the development of local policy and procedures for the care of students with life-threatening allergies in accordance with the Kelsey Ryan Act and Rule 6A , F.A.C.

6 2010 Federal Legislation Congress passed H.R. 2751: FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (Public Law No: ) A provision in this legislation directs the Secretary of Health and Human Services to develop voluntary food allergy and anaphylaxis management guidelines for schools and early childhood education programs

7 2013 Epinephrine Legislation in Florida The 2013 Florida Legislature amended sections & , F.S. to allow public and private schools the OPTION to purchase and maintain a supply of epinephrine auto-injectors from a wholesale distributor licensed in Florida, as defined in section , F.S.

8 2013 Epinephrine Legislation Provisions… Requires participating school districts and private schools to adopt a protocol by a physician Requires the school-supplied epinephrine auto-injectors to be maintained in a locked location Allows an authorized student to self- administer an auto-injector that was purchased by the school

9 2013 Epinephrine Legislation Provisions in Florida Requires training for school personnel to recognize when a student is having an anaphylactic reaction Allows trained school personnel to administer an epinephrine auto-injector without parent authorization Removes school employees liability arising from administration of an epinephrine auto- injector and removes liability from the physician who developed the epinephrine protocol

10 Epinephrine Workgroup Name/Agency Address Julie Bacon Emergency Medical Services for Children (EMSC) Advisory Committee Chairperson Heather Diamond Coordinator, USF Student Support Services Project Jessica Hoag Citrus Student Health Specialist Peggy Howland FDOH School Health Services Program Supervisor Phillip Johnson Florida Pharmacist Melissa Keahey EMSC Program Manager Amanda Kraft Osceola Supervisor of Health Services Dianne Mennitt USF Student Services FSU DNP Student Jamie Warrington FDOE/School Transportation Barbara Williams USF Student Services

11 Epinephrine Workgroup Topics… Development of sample protocol and algorithm School personnel training issues and recommendations Parent notification to explain epinephrine Clarification of legislative intent regarding the use of stock epinephrine auto-injectors

12 Epinephrine Workgroup Topics Medication issues related to the donation, purchasing, storage, expiration date, and exchange program Linkages to Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system at the local level Involvement of the Florida Poison Network as a reporting system for anaphylactic situations and/or when an epinephrine auto-injector was administered in the school setting

13 Epinephrine Workgroup Communication

14 National Guidelines

15 Position Statement

16 Tool Kit

17 School Nurses: Partnering to Prevent & Respond to Anaphylaxis Video Series

18 Online Get Trained Program

19 Epinephrine Training Materials

20 Epinephrine Resource School Nurse Program

21 2013 Federal Legislation Congress passed H.R. 2094: School Access to Emergency Epinephrine Act that President Obama signed into law on November 13, 2013 This federal law (Public Law No: ) gives preference in awarding certain federal grants to states that allow students to self-administer medication for asthma and anaphylaxis that includes civil liability protection for trained school personnel who administer epinephrine to a student reasonably believed to be having an anaphylactic reaction

22 National Association of State Boards of Education

23 Federal & State Epinephrine Legislation Timeline

24 Questions/Comments?

25 References… Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Voluntary Guidelines for Managing Food Allergies in Schools and Early Care and Education Programs. Retrieved from Chapter House Bill No (2005). Retrieved from Chapter (2013). Committee Substitute for Senate Bill No Retrieved from Definitions of terms used in this part. (2013). Section , Florida Statutes. Retrieved from ch_String=&URL= /0499/Sections/ html ch_String=&URL= /0499/Sections/ html Florida Department of Education. (2013). Department of Public Schools Memo: Legislation: Senate Bill 284. Retrieved from https://asset1.basecamp.com/ /projects/ epinephrine/attachments/ /EpinephrineMemo.pdf https://asset1.basecamp.com/ /projects/ epinephrine/attachments/ /EpinephrineMemo.pdf

26 References… Implementing the Kelsey Ryan Act, Technical Assistance Paper. (2006). Retrieved from National Association of School Nurses. (2012). Allergy/Anaphylaxis Management in the School Setting. Retrieved from https://www.nasn.org/PolicyAdvocacy/PositionPapersandReports/NASNPo sitionStatementsFullView/tabid/462/ArticleId/9/Allergy-Anaphylaxis- Management-in-the-School-Setting-Revised-June-2012 https://www.nasn.org/PolicyAdvocacy/PositionPapersandReports/NASNPo sitionStatementsFullView/tabid/462/ArticleId/9/Allergy-Anaphylaxis- Management-in-the-School-Setting-Revised-June-2012 National Association of School Nurses. (2012). Get Trained Program. Retrieved from https://www.nasn.org/ToolsResources/FoodAllergyandAnaphylaxis/GetTrained https://www.nasn.org/ToolsResources/FoodAllergyandAnaphylaxis/GetTrained National Association of School Nurses. (2013). Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Tool Kit. Retrieved from https://www.nasn.org/ToolsResources/FoodAllergyandAnaphylaxis https://www.nasn.org/ToolsResources/FoodAllergyandAnaphylaxis

27 References… National Association of School Nurses. (2013). Epinephrine Resource School Nurse Program. Retrieved from https://www.nasn.org/ToolsResources/FoodAllergyandAnaphylaxis/Epinephrine ResourceSchoolNurseProgram https://www.nasn.org/ToolsResources/FoodAllergyandAnaphylaxis/Epinephrine ResourceSchoolNurseProgram National Association of School Nurses. (2013). Saving Lives at School: Anaphylaxis and Epinephrine. Retrieved from National Association of School Nurses. (2013). School Nurses: Partnering to Prevent & Respond to Anaphylaxis. Retrieved from https://www.nasn.org/ToolsResources/FoodAllergyandAnaphylaxis/SNPPRA/ep isode1 https://www.nasn.org/ToolsResources/FoodAllergyandAnaphylaxis/SNPPRA/ep isode1 National Association of State Boards of Education [NASBE]. (2013). Anaphylaxis and Schools: Developing Policies for Treating Students with Severe Allergic Reactions. Retrieved from content/uploads/Anaphylaxis-Discussion-Guide_ pdfhttp://www.nasbe.org/wp- content/uploads/Anaphylaxis-Discussion-Guide_ pdf

28 References… National Institutes of Health [NIH] National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases [NIAID]. (2010). Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the United States. Retrieved from px px Public Law , H.R (2004). Retrieved from Public Law , H.R (2011). Section 112, Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Management. Retrieved from 353+%282011%29&granuleId=&packageId=PLAW-111publ353 Public Law , H.R (2013). School Access to Emergency Epinephrine Act. Retrieved from The Florida House of Representatives. (2005). Student and Parent Rights Bill Analysis. Retrieved from DC.pdf DC.pdf

29 References The Florida Senate. (2013). Student Safety Bill Analysis and Fiscal Impact Statement. Retrieved from ulPnTcHzw=|14/Public/Bills/ /0284/Analysis/2013s0284.ms.PDF ulPnTcHzw=|14/Public/Bills/ /0284/Analysis/2013s0284.ms.PDF Russell, A.F. & Huber, M.M. (2013). Food allergy management in elementary school: Collaborating to maximize student safety. Journal of Asthma & Allergy Educators, 4(6), doi: / Use of Epinephrine Auto-Injectors. (2008). Rule 6A , Florida Administrative Code. Retrieved from https://www.flrules.org/gateway/ruleNo.asp?id=6A https://www.flrules.org/gateway/ruleNo.asp?id=6A


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