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Published byAshly Harbold Modified over 9 years ago
Basic Internet Terms Digital Design
Arpanet The first Internet prototype created in 1965 by the Department of Defense.
Internet A global network (Physical) that connects computers all over the world. The Internet carries information in packets
World Wide Web A part of the Internet that allows users to easily access Web pages through the use of hypertext markup language (HTML).
Web Server A special type of computer that delivers Web pages to a requesting browser.
Protocols Rules for the Internet
TCP – Transmission Control Protocol Set of communication protocols –Says that information must be sent in packets nor more than 1500 characters –Sent along different paths to your computer Needs IP (Internet Protocol) – TCP/IP
IP – Internet Protocol A way of assigning each computer a computer address Needs TCP (Internet Protocol) – TCP/IP
Packets Information from one computer is broken down and sent to another computer in packets
IP Address Each computer in the Internet is assigned a unique identification. (a number) Packets are stamped with this address so it knows where to go
URL A unique address that identifies a web page. http://www.google.com URL Hypertext transfer protocol
Hypertext Transfer Protocol A protocol that manages the hypertext links that are used to navigate the Web. HTTP ensures that Web browsers correctly process and display the various types of information contained in Web pages.
Domain Name Unique address used for identifying a computer, often a Web server, on the Internet. (Part of the URL) http://www.google.com http://clearyweb.edzone.net http://clare.k12.mi.us/highschool
Browser A program used to display a web page on your computer screen. First Browser
Web Site and Web Page Web page is a single document on the World Wide Web Web site is a group of Web pages.
Search Engines Web sites that use software to crawl or spider their way through the Web and automatically compile an index of Web sites.
Web Hosting The process by which a Web site is published, making it available for public access.
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) A protocol used to transferring files across the Internet. An FTP program is needed to upload files.
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