Presentation on theme: "Geneva, Switzerland, 18 February 2014 OPEN PROTOCOLS FOR AN OPEN, INTEROPERABLE INTERNET OF THINGS Dr Carol Cosgrove-Sacks Senior Advisor on International."— Presentation transcript:
Geneva, Switzerland, 18 February 2014 OPEN PROTOCOLS FOR AN OPEN, INTEROPERABLE INTERNET OF THINGS Dr Carol Cosgrove-Sacks Senior Advisor on International Standards Policy OASIS ITU Workshop on the Internet of Things - Trend and Challenges in Standardization (Geneva, Switzerland, 18 February 2014)
Open standards for the global info society 5,000+ experts in 70+ tech committees FOR AN OPEN OPEN PROTOCOLS INTEROPERABLE INTERNET OF THINGS
What The Phrase Means Kevin Ashton coined "Internet of Things" phrase to describe a system where the Internet is connected to the physical world via ubiquitous sensors
How Ubiquitous? Gartner: IoT Installed Base Will Grow to 26 Billion Units By That number might be too low. Every mobile Every auto Every door Every room Every sensor in every device … in every bed, chair or bracelet... in every home, office, building or hospital room … in every city and village... on Earth... Every part, on every parts list
The Challenges Every one of those sensor and control points is generating data. Often, it's very informative and very private data. Systems are needed to help those devices talk to each other, manage all that data, and enforce proper access control.
Big Data means BIG Challenges All of the messaging, management, and access control technologies used in these large-scale device networks must be massively scalable.
Open Protocols Current Internet and software methods are highly modular (APIs), highly distributed (Cloud) and "loosely coupled" (SOA). In today's systems, every LEGO brick comes from a different source – and they all still must snap together. open, rapid and safe This requires open, rapid and safe development methods.
Open Source and Open Standards Open, Rapid and Safe: Open Source and Open Standards OPEN: Both work well. Easy to join, transparent to review. FAST: Open source methods work well. Rapid iterations and ease of contributions promote rapid development. (1) SAFE: Open standards methods work well. Strong IPR rules, balanced participation, neutral governance = usable work. (2)
Fast open standards groups... and solid open source projects... work together very well Many open standards projects are robustly supported by free & open source software. Web standard (3) FOSS browsers (4) Identity standard (5) FOSS toolkits (6)
Giant ecologies can grow from open projects, promoting widespread use and adaptation. Fast open standards groups... and solid open source projects... work together very well One open standard (UBL for e-invoicing) generates many local profiles, regional public projects and open source tools. (7)
Giant ecologies can grow from open projects, promoting widespread use and adaptation. This works in the Internet of Things as well. Fast open standards groups... and solid open source projects... work together very well OASIS Eclipse's The OASIS MQTT TC (8) standardizes this industry protocol for lightweight sensor and device coordination, complemented and informed by Eclipse's open source implementation project. The two projects feed each other improvements.
Key Challenges for an Open Internet of Things Lightweight protocols for devices to work together, communicate Unique and extensible identifiers for all those billions of devices Demand for API access and interoperability Cybersecurity Privacy and Policy
Key STANDARDS emerging for an Open Internet of Things Lightweight protocols for devices to work together, communicate OASIS MQTT, MQTT-SN (8) OASIS SmartGrid projects (9) Unique and extensible identifiers for all those billions of devices Multiple new projects, XRI (10), UUIDs, etc. Demand for API access and interoperability SOA/Cloud orchestration (11) and API standardization (AMQP, MQTT, OData) (12) Cybersecurity KMIP, SAML, XACML/JSON, PKCS11, CloudAuthZ (13) Privacy and Policy PMRM, PbDSE, and Personal Data Stores (14)
Open Standards and Open Source Projects will accelerate the development of the IoT