3Use of Quarry Farm Romano-British villa Palaeolithic (2.5 Million Years Ago)Mesolithic (10,000 BC)Neolithic (4000 BC)Bronze Age (2200) BCIron Age (800 BC)Roman Britain (AD 43)Anglo Saxon (AD 450)Viking (AD 793)Medieval (AD 1066)Tudor (AD 1485)Stuart (AD 1603)Georgian (AD 1714)Victorian (AD 1837)Modern Britain (AD 1902 – Present Day)Stone AgeTimeline400020001000600500400300200100This timeline presents the key periods of activity found at Quarry Farm during the excavation.BCADUse of Quarry Farm Romano-British villaThe image shows part of a reconstructed pot. It is a form of pottery fabric known as East Yorkshire Calcite Gritted Ware which amounts to almost 24% of the entire collection of pottery; making it by far the most common type of pot found at Quarry Farm. The pot shown above is a jar and was covered in soot, indicating it had been used as a cooking pot. It dates roughly to the 4th century AD and suggests a strong link between the villa at Quarry Farm and East Yorkshire.Post-Medieval
4A Brief History of the Site The villa may be the most significant find, but there is much more to the site. There have been people living and working on the banks of the River Tees at Ingleby Barwick for thousands of years. The excavations at Quarry Farm revealed artefacts that charted human history from the Stone Age through to the present day.PrehistoricThe earliest phase of the site at Quarry Farm ranges from the Mesolithic to the early Iron Age.Finds include about 250 flints, seven almost complete pots, a bronze punch or chisel and a small number of pits and a gully. All of which tells archaeologists that the landscape was being used, but not intensively.Three partially reconstructed Beaker pots from 2, BC.A heavily corroded bronze punch or chisel which would have been used by metal-workers in the late Bronze Age.Iron Age and Pre-RomanActivity on the site immediately before the arrival of the Romans dates to the late Iron Age, 100 BC-AD 100. Pottery was discovered in a couple of pits and a roundhouse was found to the south-west of the site. This tells us that people were living and working on the site just before the construction of the villa complex.
6On the Edge of an EmpireThe Romano-British Villa at Quarry Farm was on the fringe of the Roman Empire’s western frontier. During this time, the villa was surrounded by a range of military fortifications, including coastal fortlets and the imposing presence of Hadrian’s Wall.Although situated in a rural landscape, the position of the villa near to some of the most important and well-used roads in this Northern frontier, meant that the residents had easy access to trade and resources.
11The FindsA large range of artefacts were found at Quarry Farm, covering an equally large range of functions.The following slides present a selection of these finds which have all been meticulously excavated, analysed, preserved and catalogued over several years since the excavation took place.
19Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Credits…Excavation and report by Archaeological Services University of Durham.This presentation has been compiled by Tees Archaeology, January 2012.For further information on the site at Quarry Farm please contact Tees Archaeology.Tees ArchaeologySir William Gray HouseClarence RoadHartlepoolTS24 8BTTel: