Timeline Palaeolithic (2.5 Million Years Ago) Mesolithic (10,000 BC) Neolithic (4000 BC) Bronze Age (2200) BC Iron Age (800 BC) Roman Britain (AD 43) Anglo Saxon (AD 450) Viking (AD 793) Medieval (AD 1066) Tudor (AD 1485) Stuart (AD 1603) Georgian (AD 1714) Victorian (AD 1837) Modern Britain (AD 1902 – Present Day) Stone Age Post-Medieval 4000 2000 1000 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 1000 2000 BC AD Use of Quarry Farm Romano-British villa This timeline presents the key periods of activity found at Quarry Farm during the excavation.
A Brief History of the Site Prehistoric The villa may be the most significant find, but there is much more to the site. There have been people living and working on the banks of the River Tees at Ingleby Barwick for thousands of years. The excavations at Quarry Farm revealed artefacts that charted human history from the Stone Age through to the present day. The earliest phase of the site at Quarry Farm ranges from the Mesolithic to the early Iron Age. Finds include about 250 flints, seven almost complete pots, a bronze punch or chisel and a small number of pits and a gully. All of which tells archaeologists that the landscape was being used, but not intensively. Three partially reconstructed Beaker pots from 2,500-2000 BC. A heavily corroded bronze punch or chisel which would have been used by metal-workers in the late Bronze Age. Iron Age and Pre-Roman Activity on the site immediately before the arrival of the Romans dates to the late Iron Age, 100 BC-AD 100. Pottery was discovered in a couple of pits and a roundhouse was found to the south-west of the site. This tells us that people were living and working on the site just before the construction of the villa complex.
On the Edge of an Empire The Romano-British Villa at Quarry Farm was on the fringe of the Roman Empires western frontier. During this time, the villa was surrounded by a range of military fortifications, including coastal fortlets and the imposing presence of Hadrians Wall. Although situated in a rural landscape, the position of the villa near to some of the most important and well-used roads in this Northern frontier, meant that the residents had easy access to trade and resources.
The Finds A large range of artefacts were found at Quarry Farm, covering an equally large range of functions. The following slides present a selection of these finds which have all been meticulously excavated, analysed, preserved and catalogued over several years since the excavation took place.
Credits… Excavation and report by Archaeological Services University of Durham. This presentation has been compiled by Tees Archaeology, January 2012. For further information on the site at Quarry Farm please contact Tees Archaeology. Tees Archaeology Sir William Gray House Clarence Road Hartlepool TS24 8BT Tel: 01429 523455 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org@hartlepool.gov.uk www.teesarchaeology.com