Opportunities for Green Investment Jo Allen Head of SEE Engagement & Research 17 th November 2008
12 Summary The Co-operative Asset Management Why incorporate environment into investment analysis Our Approach: Investment Philosophy and Analysis Process Sustainable Leaders Trust Good Companies Guide Case Studies: Drax and Scottish & Southern Energy Engagement on Environmental Issues Investment Performance
13 The Co-operative Asset Management The Co-operative Asset Management carry out the fund management activities of The Co-operative Financial Services and is part of The Co-operative Group. 300,000 investors in unit trust range - approx £20 billion AUM. Co-operative ownership structure & long- standing socially responsible tradition. Fully integrate ESG issues throughout the investment process. Ethical Engagement Policy launched following customer consultation in 2005, applied to all funds under management.
14 Why incorporate environmental issues into investment decisions? ESG issues are material – robust evidence that ESG affects shareholder value in both the short and long term Identification of potentially overlooked risks reduces portfolio risk Engagement on environmental issues delivers more decision-useful information Enhances fundamental company analysis Enhances fund performance
15 Investment Philosophy We believe that by looking over a longer time horizon and using a broader perspective than the market, we can identify mispriced stocks and build focused portfolios to deliver sustainable performance. It is fundamental to our view of responsible investment to promote good governance and reflect our investors values.
Our analysis process Theme Identify and quantify macroeconomic, social and political trends Investigate long-term thematic changes with senior management at company meetings Medium to long term trends tend to be underestimated Industry Awareness of global industry changes and their interactions between industries Industry lifecyles can be more important than economic cycles Understanding the change in industry dynamics, particularly competitive behaviour Company Identify good businesses - cash generative, well capitalised, generating above WACC returns Focus on changing situations, e.g. new managements or transformational M&A House view on a stock derived from agreement between equity analysts, ESG and fixed income Quantify change and incorporate to valuations
SLT INVESTMENT UNIVERSE SLT:Advisory Committee Expert multi-disciplinary panel Approves overall process Adjudicates on marginal companies SLT:Negative Screening Detrimental impact on the environment or society Defence, tobacco, animal testing for cosmetics, nuclear power SLT:Positive Screening Positive contribution to human health, safety, environment and quality of life e.g. Pharmaceuticals, healthcare, utilities SLT:Best in Class All companies assessed in 3 generic areas Sector specific issues considered Companies scored on a relative basis The Sustainable Leaders Trust: Screening Process
18 Sustainable Leaders Trust: Investment Universe What does the investment universe look like? Key underweights: Oil, mining, tobacco, defence Key overweights: Healthcare, utilities, housebuilders, business services Companies approved: Focused fund: invests in companies (170 approved for investment = 52%of FTSE All-share) plus AIM and some overseas. High quality Positive structural drivers: increasing demand for healthcare, environmental and H&S regulation, sustainability
19 Investment Performance: SLT
Key ethical peers Performance3 months % 1 year % 3 years % TCAM Sustainable Leaders Aegon Ethical F&C Stewardship Growth Jupiter Ecology NU Sustainable Future Source Lipper Performance Data up to 31/07/08 Consistent, competitive performance
21 Our Approach: The Good Companies Guide A guide to help individual investors wanting to put their money into companies making a positive contribution to society Highlight issues commonly considered as part of our investment approach Investor transparency: UNPRI Naming and shaming? Unavoidable. But also congratulating!
22 The Good Companies Guide: what we measured Risk Management & Reporting Environmental: control of impacts and management of risk (e.g. arising from climate change). Social: management of stakeholder relationships and workplace relations and the risks these pose to business Governance: independent oversight; board effectiveness; audit; directors remuneration; shareholder alignment. Sector-specific: e.g., food retailers – responsible sourcing; planning and competition; labelling and marketing; product sustainability.
Drax: squaring the circle? SRI analysis identified: Single-asset coal plant proscribed by EU ETS Limited headroom for reducing absolute emissions Drax will suffer when Phase 2 of ETS corrects over-allocation Significant costs (c. £160m p.a. assuming $20 carbon price) 'til 2012, after which permits are likely to be 100% auctioned Integration in practice: This contributed to case for reducing exposure to Drax and a bearish house- view Fund managers and SRI analysts working together on what Drax's new 'Project Willow' to build 3 biomass plants from 2015 means for our previous analysis.
Example: Scottish & Southern Energy Investment Case Themes - global power shortage, climate change Industry - consolidating industry trend Company - outstanding management, very low debt ESG research highlights Major investment in renewables 100% rating for governance, 90% for environmental and social factors Industry leading social responsibility programme Largest overweight position in the funds since 2005
25 Engaging on the Environment Tar Sands Unconventional Oil: Scraping the Bottom of the Barrel: commercialisation of unconventional fossil fuels. Intensively climate hostile sources of energy. Called on companies to report on the risks associated with the env & soc liabilities of oil sands operations. Halt further expansion. Biofuels: report on the sustainability risks and opportunities surrounding biofuels, including the impact on food prices. HSBC Samling: investment in a Malaysian logging company was at odds with HSBC commitment to the Equator Principles. Severn Trent: failures in governance since Fined £36m by OFWAT for submitting to false customer satisfaction data, used to justify increases in customer tariffs. UNPRI: Engagement clearinghouse
26 Jo Allen Head of SEE Research & Engagement The Co-operative Asset Management 22nd Floor, Miller Street Manchester M60 0AL t: (0) m: (0) e:
Disclaimer This document is provided to you for your information and discussion only. It is not a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any security or other financial instrument. Any analytical information provided is for information purposes only and is not an impartial assessment of the value or the prospects of its subject matter. Nothing in this document constitutes investment, legal, accounting or tax advice, or a representation that any investment or strategy is suitable or appropriate to your or your clients' individual circumstances, or otherwise constitutes a personal recommendation to you or your clients. Any information in this document (including facts, opinions or quotations) may be condensed or summarised and are expressed as of the date of writing. The information may change without notice and The Co-operative Asset Management is under no obligation to ensure that such updates are brought to your attention. The price and value of investments mentioned and any income that might accrue could fall or rise or fluctuate, and investors may get back less than they invest. Past performance is not a guide to future performance. This document has been prepared from sources The Co-operative Asset Management believes to be reliable but we do not guarantee its accuracy or completeness and do not accept liability for any loss arising from its use (including as a result of any acts or omissions based on the information). The Co-operative Asset Management, its affiliates and/or their employees may have a position or holding, or other material interest or effect transactions in any securities mentioned or options thereon, or other investments related thereto and from time to time may add to or dispose of such investments. This document is intended only for the person to whom it is issued by The Co-operative Asset Management. It may not be reproduced or distributed either in whole, or in part, without our written permission. The distribution of this document and the offer and sale of the investment in certain jurisdictions may be forbidden or restricted by law or regulation. For the purposes of this document The Co-operative Asset Management means Co-operative Insurance Society Limited and or its subsidiary company CIS Unit Managers Limited. Both companies are authorised and regulated by the Financial Services Authority. The registered address is CIS Tower, Miller Street, Manchester, M60 OAL (CIS registered no: IP3615R, CIS Unit Managers Limited registered number: ).
Pagasus House, Sackville Street, London, W1S 3EH, UK Tel: +44 (0) Fax: +44 (0) Impax Asset Management Limited is authorised & regulated by the Financial Services Authority Opportunities for Green Investment Presentation to charity advisors and investors 17 th November 2008
Agenda Introduction to Impax Asset Management Background on environmental investing Different approaches to environmental investing
Introduction to Impax Asset Management
FUM £mCa. £1 billion Launch of Impax Environmental Markets plc Launch of principal private equity fund Launch of Absolute Return Fund Investment manager dedicated to the environmental sector Founded in 1994; quoted on AIM (ticker IPX) since 2001 Ca. £1 billion in funds under management or advisory 30 professional staff in London & Hong Kong Experienced investment team working together for over 10 years Impax Asset Management *Total assets under management and advisory on 15 May were £1.26 billion.
Background on environmental investing
What is environmental investing? Environmental investing: Investing in companies which provide, utilise, implement or advise upon technology-based systems, products or services in environmental markets, particularly those of alternative energy and energy efficiency, water treatment and pollution control, and waste technology and resource management. Environmental Investing differs from mainstream SRI by: Investing only in environment-related sectors Applying no ethical screens Focusing on returns only
Source: IPCC Leading to… Several forces driving the environmental sector … including Climate Change
…temperature increases Source: IPCC
…and water shortages
Other drivers… Water and air pollution Source: World Bank
Increasing levels of consumption and waste Source: OECD Environmental outlook to 2030
Source: Thomson DataStream US WTI Oil PricePeak Oil – US production peaked in 1970 North Sea in 2000 Source: Economist 100 years of Economic stats, BP Statistical Review of world energy, International Energy Agency Oil Market Report. Economic and security factors… including the price and availability of oil
US water infrastructure spending requirements: Forecasted expenditure of US$277 billion from 2008 to 2020 Source: US EPA Ageing infrastructure
Environmental Markets Legislation Target market sizes Mandatory capex Emission limits Financial support Technology New solutions Corporate R&D Government support Economies of scale EnergyWaterWaste Aggregate revenues in excess of USD 200 billion per annum
Different approaches to environmental investing
3. Waste Technologies & Resource Management2. Water Treatment & Pollution Control 1. Alternative Energy & Energy Efficiency Biofuels Wind turbine manufacturing Solar manufacturers & integrators Renewable developers & IPPs Meters & demand side mgmt Industrial energy efficiency Buildings energy efficiency Transports energy efficiency Fuel Cells & hydrogen Trading in carbon & other env. assets Recycling eqpt. & systems Commodity recycling Integrated waste management Hazardous waste management Environmental consultancy companies Water infrastructure companies Multi- technology water treatment cos. Air pollution control Testing & sensing Water Utilities Listed equities: Impax / FTSE sub-sectors
Full Universe – stocks Ca. 750 stocks with >50% revenues / profits or capital employed in environmental markets full liquidity liquidity constrained Ca. 450 stocks 20-50% with revenues / profits or capital employed in environmental markets Steady flow of Pre IPO and infrastructure project-related investments e.g. wind farms Impaxs Investment Universe Ca. 750 stocks with >50% revenues/profits or capital employed in the environmental sector Typically small cap $750 billion market cap Ca stocks with >20% revenues/profits/capital employed in the environmental sector $4.5 trillion market cap Pure Play UniverseAll Cap Universe
Pure Play: Portfolio Breakdown* * Impax Environmental Markets Plc by market cap., 31 October 2008 Portfolio = listed companies Share Listing Size of Company Forward 12 months Price to Earnings Ratio to October 09 Sector Focus PER: 10 x forward 12 mths earnings to October 09 Median forecast annual portfolio earnings growth of 16% <15x 72% Unprofitable 2% >20 x 11% 15-20x 11% Cash 4%
Pure Play: Top 10 Holdings* CompanyDescription Country Holding % Clean HarborsHazardous waste US3.4 ClarcorFiltration US2.7 PentairWater treatment US2.6 Regal BeloitHigh efficiency electric motorsUS 2.6 Pall CorpFiltration US2.5 StericycleHospital waste treatment US2.5 CovantaWaste to energy incinerationUS 2.3 Kurita WaterWater treatment & desalinationJapan 2.1 VaconFrequency converters Finland2.0 OrmatGeothermal Israel/US2.0 Total 24.7 * Impax Environmental Markets plc, 31 October 2008
Pure Play: Investment Performance* Source: Thomson DataStream
Global growth in cleantech PE investing Source: Cleantech Venture Network
Example PE investment Innovate design of fuel cells for fork-lift trucks Focussed on distribution hub application – indoor, clean-air demand Fast recharging and consistent performance beat the traditional battery alternative Sold to Plug Power in March 2007 Impax investment return with 70%+ IRR
Sector has scale and is growing rapidly Individual projects offer low technology risk & attractive economics Sponsors can partner with a specialist fund or sell out to a utility Fund can add value e.g. by arranging debt, overseeing construction, repackaging assets Early movers (funds) can leverage expertise and relationships Projected fund IRRs > 20% Infrastructure investing
Impax New Energy Investors LP: Typical project structure Investment Contract Impax Fund Supply & Construction Project Company Operation & Maintenance Land Lease Power Sales Sponsor Holding Co. Investment Structuring Options Senior Debt
Conclusio ns Strong market drivers leading to superior expected growth rates Continuing government support for environmental sector Well-chosen, diversified portfolios of listed stocks should outperform global markets Venture investments likely to perform well but exits dependent on favourable markets Project-related investments well suited to infrastructure asset class
Disclaimer This document has been prepared by Impax Asset Management Limited (Impax, authorized and regulated by the Financial Services Authority). The information and any opinions contained in this document have been compiled in good faith, but no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made as to their accuracy, completeness or correctness. Impax, its officers, employees, representatives and agents expressly advise that they shall not be liable in any respect whatsoever for any loss or damage, whether direct, indirect, consequential or otherwise however arising (whether in negligence or otherwise) out of or in connection with the contents of or any omissions from this document. This document does not constitute an offer to sell, purchase, subscribe for or otherwise invest in units or shares of any fund managed by Impax. It may not be relied upon as constituting any form of investment advice and prospective investors are advised to ensure that they obtain appropriate independent professional advice before making any investment in any such Fund. Any offering is made only pursuant to the relevant offering document and the relevant subscription application, all of which must be read in their entirety. Prospective investors should review the offering memorandum, including the risk factors in the offering memorandum, before making a decision to invest. Past performance of a fund is no guarantee as to its performance in the future. This presentation is not an advertisement and is not intended for public use or distribution. Adrian Cornwall Tel: Contact Details
Les Jones Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment in Practice
Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment What is it: Ethical – interpreted frequently as negative – avoid certain companies Socially responsible investment – interpreted frequently as positive – focus on positive companies The two get mixed I believe a sound policy should have elements of both Integrates values and social concerns with investment decisions Considers both the charitys investment needs and the impact they will have on society/the environment etc.
Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment The Charity Commissions views The governing document Trustees decide on any policy Case law (Bishop of Oxford) trustees must seek to make returns on their investments but they can avoid companies whose activities interfere with their objectives A view that companies which act in a socially responsible way deliver the best long term returns Trustees are free to adopt a policy they reasonably believe provides the best balance of risk and reward
Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment Why charities must consider a policy Exceptions to the primary responsibility to maximise the return –Where the activities of the company are clearly in conflict with the charitys aims –Investing in a particular company or sector may hamper the work of the charity e.g. reputational risk – donors –Trustees may take a more personal moral stance if this does not risk significant financial detriment – If a policy exists it must be disclosed – SORP 2005 –If it doesnt?
WWF – A Case Study 1996 a principles statement 1996 first challenge – Jonathon Porritt 1997 a new policy 1999 policy made more positive with more engagements 2000 policy used as basis of WWF/NPI investment fund –Economist –Times –Daily Mail 2000 policy extended to include all relationships with business and industry Subsequently - More positive - More engagement
WWF Socially Responsible Investment Policy Overall objectives Primary objective: to maximise the value of its investments by way of a diversified portfolio No investment will be permitted in companies whose business operations conflict with or detract from the objects of the charity Investments should promote the principles of socially responsible investment This means investing in companies whose operations enhance the environment for the benefit of present and future generations The concept of inherent sustainability
WWF Socially Responsible Investment Policy The three tests: Invest in positively sustainable companies The exclusion test –Armaments/offensive weapons –Tobacco –Trade in cites appendix 1 listed flora and/or fauna –Animal testing for cosmetic or other non-medical products or medical testing on endangered species –Nuclear power The 10% test
WWF Socially Responsible Investment Policy The third test – extreme caution Investing in these sectors will shift the core business on to a more sustainable basis e.g: –Genetic engineering –Pesticides and agro chemicals –Oil –Fossil fuels –Intensive farming –Mining –Environmentally insensitive tourism Best in sector The decisions are informed by the Ethical Investment research Service (EIRIS)
WWF Socially Responsible Investment Policy Engagement. Dialogue with companies we invest in Influence performance and attitudes to the environment Research matrix Company questionnaires The policy to be disclosed in the annual report and accounts Influence WWF International and the national organisations
WWF Socially Responsible Investment Policy Other factors: Campaigning engagement – BP shareholders motion – Portfolio share holding – Investment advisors – Animal testing etc. The business and industry policy –Based on investment policy –Who we take money from –Who we partner –Confrontation The business and industry group –Cross departmental –Considers relationships –Knows what is in portfolio
Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment Other charity involvement Animal charity –Animal testing –Human health –The laboratories –The environment Medical charity –Smoking ? –Airlines –Insurance companies.
Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment Getting involved He WWF-UK/NPI fund –Joint fund –Some of the proceeds to WWF-UK –Joint committee –Well received –Amp takeover The Living Planet fund –Owned by WWF International –A world fund –Delegate investment management –$50 million –Not yet marketed in the uk The future –Morale hazard
Ethical and Socially Responsible Investment Conclusion All charities need a socially responsible/ethical policy/statement – irrespective of money or size Charities should set an example It needs to be realistic and balanced Trustees need to be involved Charities should engage