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Wanting to Drink The End of an Era Temperance Welcome to Anti/Pro Prohibition Museum Curators Office.

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Presentation on theme: "Wanting to Drink The End of an Era Temperance Welcome to Anti/Pro Prohibition Museum Curators Office."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wanting to Drink The End of an Era Temperance Welcome to Anti/Pro Prohibition Museum Curators Office

2 Laura Molini-Rohlfing A U.S. History teacher that is very interested in the Roaring 20s and the Prohibition Era. Also a VERY novice computer user. Return to Exhibit Insert your picture here Contact me at:

3 Women and Prohibition Museum Entrance

4 The Temperance Movement Museum Entrance

5 End of an Era Room Museum Entrance

6 Prohibition Begins On January 16, 1919 the U.S. Constitution was amended to prohibit the buying, selling, transporting, importing and exporting of alcohol. In newspapers across the country delivered the news of the ratification of the 18 th Amendment. Many Americans were skeptical of this moral experiment, others elated by the decision. Return to Exhibit xc/B9JvWhWCFiI/s320/Newpaper+Announces+Prohibition.gif

7 Families A young mother with her children near joins a Temperance march directed at bringing attention to the affects of alcohol abuse on the family. The disintegration of families was the centerpiece of much Prohibition protest. Alcohol was blamed as the root cause of violence, money problems and poor parenting. Return to Exhibit creen.jpg

8 Literature Literature warning of the evils of alcohol of drinking flooded into mainstream society. Pamphlets and flyers were widely distributed after the end of Prohibition offering help to those who wanted it. Return to Exhibit

9 Protests Men in opposition to Prohibition take to the streets to show their displeasure. Even though Prohibition was the law of the land the abundance of illegal drinking was apparent at underground bars known as Speakeasies. Return to Exhibit

10 Theyre Back The announcement of the repeal of the 18 th Amendment and the subsequent ratification of the 21 st Amendment send people into a celebratory frenzy. Bars that had once been neighborhood pariahs were now the toast of the town. Return to Exhibit 001CE7-7540-4F0F-A995-813DD85130B6%7D

11 The Crusader A poster exalting the exploits of famous anti-alcohol crusader Carrie Nation were found throughout the country. She became a symbol the Temperance Movement. Return to Exhibit Insert the artifact here. r.jpg

12 Stronger Together Women of the Temperance Movement in Minnesota take their cause to the streets. These women would picket and protest encouraging both men and women to support the passage of the 18 th Amendment which ushered in Prohibition. Return to Exhibit DC-50E9-49B2-A43D-66E21A1B22C9%7D

13 Helping Out The Crusaders were a group organized to fight Prohibition. The Crusaders jumped into the fight by using the radio waves to spread their message. Although most Crusaders were men often women helped spread the message. Return to Exhibit 77_eb362034a1_o.jpg

14 Light Reading Kenneth G. Rose chronicled the role of women and their role in the repeal of Prohibition in his book American Women and the Repeal of Prohibition. In a still very male dominated society many women came forward to protest the institution of Prohibition. The book discussed the failures of Prohibition and the effect on women. Return to Exhibit pealPoster.jpg

15 Do Your Part! This period photo shows women, in classic flapper 20s style, encouraging other women to join their Organization for National Prohibition Reform. Return to Exhibit E002551.jpg?size=67&uid=%7 B3ECF4ED5-27CA-43FF- BE21-5BC0120F584B%7D E002551.jpg?size=67&uid=%7 B3ECF4ED5-27CA-43FF- BE21-5BC0120F584B%7D

16 Getting Tough A Philadelphia police commissioner watches as liquor, obtained in a bust by Treasury officers, is poured into the city sewer system. This was a very public practice that showed how serious police were about enforcing Prohibition. The enforcement of Prohibition created an entire new job market, bootlegging. When the demand for illegal liquor increased during Prohibition the mob was born. Return to Exhibit http://www.philadelphia-

17 Have Axe Will Travel In this photo of the infamous Carrie Nation she is wielding her ubiquitous chop axe. She was known to take the axe into illegal bars and taverns and unleash her destructive anger on those violating Prohibition. Return to Exhibit

18 Peer Pressure Women of the Temperance Movement attempt to guilt a man at a Speakeasy into not drinking. These women promised to pray for this mans soul because he was going to hell for drinking during Prohibition. The photo is titled Rehab. Return to Exhibit

19 Pundits Get Involved Political Cartoons were a popular way of illustrating the ills and evils of alcohol. This particular cartoon cites how alcohol is responsible for poverty, crime, filling jails, asylums and wasting grain. Return to Exhibit e_nation_poster.jpg

20 Dont Cross Us This photo uses the tool of persuasion. Men who touch liquor would not be kissed by these women of the Temperance Movement. Return to Exhibit 15093577a_o.jpg

21 Hit The Road The automobile was used as a traveling billboard to promote the stamping out of Prohibition. Many in society realized that Prohibition was a huge failure. The effort to legislate morality and enforce a seemingly unenforceable law were ultimately the downfall of the 18 th Amendment. Return to Exhibit com/media/photos/images

22 Let the Party Begin December 5, 1933 the 21 st Amendment is ratified by Congress. The 21 st Amendment will repeal the 18 th Amendment and be the first Amendment to amend and Amendment. With its passage the long failed experiment of Prohibition will end at last. Return to Exhibit

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