Presentation on theme: "PROHIBITION. WHAT IS PROHIBITION? Total ban on the manufacture, sale and transportation of liquor throughout the United States; it was put into effect."— Presentation transcript:
WHAT IS PROHIBITION? Total ban on the manufacture, sale and transportation of liquor throughout the United States; it was put into effect through the 18 th amendment
18 TH AMENDMENT “After one year from the ratification of this article, the manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors, within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.” – Section 1 of the Eighteenth Amendment of the Constitution of the United States, adde3d in the year 1919 In normal people’s words, it banned/made illegal the manufacturing, selling or transportation of alcohol
HISTORY OF PROHIBITION In 1633, Plymouth Colony prohibited the sale of alcohol over two pence (pennies). In 1785, American doctor Benjamin Rush discovered the effects of alcohol on the human body and published his findings in his article “Inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits Upon the Human Mind and Body” In 1826, the American Temperance Society was formed. Soon after, many other temperance unions were created.
HISTORY OF PROHIBITION CONT. The Anti-Saloon was organized in 1895 On De3cember 22, 1917, the 18 th Amendment was sent to all the states banning alcohol
ENFORCING THE 18 TH AMENDMENT… In 1919, the Volstead Act was passed. The purpose of this bill was to include how the new amendment was to be enforced. The job of Federal Prohibition Agents was to investigate people thought to be illegally selling or transporting alcohol, and if they were found guilty, to arrest them.
SPEAKEASIES Illegal secret bars selling alcohol Estimated over 100,000 speakeasies in New York City during the 1920s Popular way to obtain alcohol during the prohibition era
BOOTLEGGING Illegally processing, transporting and selling of liquor Oftentimes done by gangs Al Capone – famous Chicago gang leader and arguably the leader of the bootlegging movement Fun Fact: NASCAR racing was creating because of bootlegging. Moonshiners would have to outrun the police in their vehicles.
OTHER WAYS OF OBTAINING ALCOHOL DURING PROHIBITION If prescribed by one’s doctor (Whiskey to cure the pain) If bought in the year of 1919-1920, when alcohol was still; legally sold and then used for one’s own use Secretly smuggling liquor and other alcohol from other countries, such as Canada
PROBLEMS WITH THE NOBLE EXPERIMENT Enforcement proved to be almost impossible with only 2,500 federal prohibition agents and was very expensive. Many accessible ways for people to break the law Widely unpopular – it is estimated that over 75% of country in 1931 wanted to repeal (get rid of) the amendment
THE TWENTY-FIRST AMENDMENT Brought before Congress on December 5, 1933 and put into effect on December 15, 1933 Its goal was to repeal (remove) the 18 th Amendment, and in doing so, it became the first, and thus far in US history, the only amendment to repeal another amendment.