2 Working Women’s Hardships Working outside home.Long HoursDangerousWages go to men in the houseWorked in Cigar or clothing factories or as laundresses or servants.Cheated and bullied by employers.NO VOTING!!!!!!!
3 WORKING WOMEN’S RIGHTS Florence Kelley-National Consumers League (NCL)Labels on goods produced under fair, safe, and healthy working conditions.Urged not to buy goods without these labels.Backed laws for inspecting meat plants, safer working conditions, and payment to unemployed.
4 Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL) Fought for a minimum wage and 8 hour workday.1st workers strike fund.
5 CHANGES IN FAMILY LIFE Margaret Sanger Ida B. Wells Temperance MovementPromoted by WCTU.Practice of never drinking alcohol.Caused problems with men.Led to 18th Amendment. (prohibition)Margaret Sanger*Birth control movement/clinic.*1921- American Birth Control LeagueIda B. Wells*National Association of Colored Women*Day care centers and help less fortunate.
7 Women’s Christian Temperance Union Founded in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1874, it used educational, social, and political means to promote legislation which dealt with issues ranging from health and hygiene, prison reform and world peace.protection of women and children at home and workwomen's right to voteshelters for abused womensupport from labor movements such as the Knights of Laborthe eight-hour work dayequal pay for equal workfounding of kindergartensassistance in founding of the PTAfederal aid for educationstiffer penalties for sexual crimes against girls and womenuniform marriage and divorce laws
8 Women’s Christian Temperance Union Founded in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1874, it used educational, social, and political means to promote legislation which dealt with issues ranging from health and hygiene, prison reform and world peace.prison reform, police matrons and women police officershomes and education for wayward girlspure food and drug actlegal aidworld peaceOpposed and worked againstthe drug trafficthe use of alcohol and tobaccowhite slavery and child laborarmy brothels
9 Women’s Christian Temperance Union Most successful work was in alerting the nation of the evils of alcohol and promoting legislation to outlaw it.Passage of the 18th Amendment in 1919 to outlaw alcohol.
10 Most successful and well known WCTU reformer was Carrie Nation. She would march into a bar and sing and pray, while smashing bar fixtures and stock with a hatchet.
11 Between 1900 and 1910 she was arrested some 30 times, and paid her jail fines from lecture-tour fees and sales of souvenir hatchets.Changed her name to Carry A. Nation and referred to herself as “A Home Defender”.
13 CARRIE CHAPMAN CATTNational American Women’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA) PresidentOne of 1st women superintendents.1918- N.Y., Michigan, Oklahoma= right to vote“Society Plan”- Recruit wealthy educated women to fight for suffrage.Some women were against suffrage.
14 ALICE PAUL National Women’s Party (NWP) Used public protest marches. 1st to march with picket signs outside of White House.Many were arrested but it helped the suffrage cause.
15 Jan. 10, 1917: The NWP began to picket the White House.
16 19th AMENDMENT WOMEN’S RIGHT TO VOTE!!!!! 1920 Tennessee passed by 1 vote.Tennessee made the election of amendment OFFICIAL.November 2, 1920 –Many women voted for the 1st time.
17 Finally, on Aug. 20, 1920, the 19th Amendment became part of the United States Constitution when Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify itFinally, on Aug. 20, 1920, the 19th Amendment became part of the United States Constitution when Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify it