Presentation on theme: "Women And The Progressive Era. Working Women’s Hardships Working outside home. Long Hours Dangerous Wages go to men in the house Worked in Cigar."— Presentation transcript:
Women And The Progressive Era
Working Women’s Hardships Working outside home. Long Hours Dangerous Wages go to men in the house Worked in Cigar or clothing factories or as laundresses or servants. Cheated and bullied by employers. NO VOTING!!!!!!!
WORKING WOMEN’S RIGHTS Florence Kelley- National Consumers League (NCL) Labels on goods produced under fair, safe, and healthy working conditions. Urged not to buy goods without these labels. Backed laws for inspecting meat plants, safer working conditions, and payment to unemployed.
Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL) ▫Fought for a minimum wage and 8 hour workday. ▫1 st workers strike fund.
CHANGES IN FAMILY LIFE Temperance Movement Promoted by WCTU. Practice of never drinking alcohol. Caused problems with men. Led to 18 th Amendment. (prohibition) Margaret Sanger *Birth control movement/clinic. *1921- American Birth Control League Ida B. Wells *National Association of Colored Women *Day care centers and help less fortunate.
Margaret SangerIda.B. Wells
Founded in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1874, it used educational, social, and political means to promote legislation which dealt with issues ranging from health and hygiene, prison reform and world peace. protection of women and children at home and work women's right to vote shelters for abused women support from labor movements such as the Knights of Labor the eight-hour work day equal pay for equal work founding of kindergartens assistance in founding of the PTA federal aid for education stiffer penalties for sexual crimes against girls and women uniform marriage and divorce laws Women’s Christian Temperance Union
Founded in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1874, it used educational, social, and political means to promote legislation which dealt with issues ranging from health and hygiene, prison reform and world peace. prison reform, police matrons and women police officers homes and education for wayward girls pure food and drug act legal aid world peace Opposed and worked against the drug traffic the use of alcohol and tobacco white slavery and child labor army brothels Women’s Christian Temperance Union
Most successful work was in alerting the nation of the evils of alcohol and promoting legislation to outlaw it. 18 th AmendmentPassage of the 18 th Amendment in 1919 to outlaw alcohol. Women’s Christian Temperance Union
Most successful and well known WCTU reformer was Carrie Nation. She would march into a bar and sing and pray, while smashing bar fixtures and stock with a hatchet.
Between 1900 and 1910 she was arrested some 30 times, and paid her jail fines from lecture-tour fees and sales of souvenir hatchets. Changed her name to Carry A. Nation and referred to herself as “A Home Defender”.
CARRIE CHAPMAN CATT National American Women’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA) President One of 1 st women superintendents. N.Y., Michigan, Oklahoma= right to vote “Society Plan”- Recruit wealthy educated women to fight for suffrage. Some women were against suffrage.
ALICE PAUL National Women’s Party (NWP) Used public protest marches. 1 st to march with picket signs outside of White House. Many were arrested but it helped the suffrage cause.
Jan. 10, 1917: The NWP began to picket the White House.
19 th AMENDMENT WOMEN’S RIGHT TO VOTE!!!!! 1920 Tennessee passed by 1 vote. Tennessee made the election of amendment OFFICIAL. November 2, 1920 –Many women voted for the 1 st time.
Finally, on Aug. 20, 1920, the 19 th Amendment became part of the United States Constitution when Tennessee became the 36 th state to ratify it