Presentation on theme: "ACCESS TO ONLINE NEWSPAPERS OF INDIA: AN OVERVIEW"— Presentation transcript:
1 ACCESS TO ONLINE NEWSPAPERS OF INDIA: AN OVERVIEW Dr. O.N. CHAUBEYDr. R. CHANDRA
2 INDIAN NEWSPAPERS IN ENGLISH: GENESIS BENGAL GAZETTE OR CALCUTTA GENERAL ADVERTISERIN 1780;The Times of India in 1838The Statesman from Calcutta in 1875The Hindu from Chennai in 1878The Bengal Journal, The Oriental Magazine, The Calcutta Chronicle,The Madras Courier, The Indian Herald, The Bombay Herald and TheBombay Courier.
3 The period between 1857 - 1947 Birth and closure of a multitude of newspapers.The famous freedom fighters as Editors like:Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Kesari)Mahatma Gandhi (Young India, Harijanand NavajeevanPost-Independence sceneIndia had about 4,000 newspapers andmagazines in 17 languages.51,960 that included dailies andpublications of all the periodicities, in ,413 at the end of March 200562,483 on 31st March 2006,
4 THE FIRST NEWSPAPERS IN INDIAN LANGUAGES The Samachar Darpan in Bengali. The first issue of this daily was published from the Serampore Mission Press on May 23, 1818.In the same year, Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya started publishing another newspaper in Bengali, the Bengal Gazetti In 1818.SAMBAD KAUMUDI , in Bengali in 1820.Miratul-ul-Akhbar in Persian language;On July 1, 1822 the first Gujarati newspaper the Bombay Samachar was published from Bombay, which is still extant.The first Hindi newspaper, the Samachar Sudha Varshan began in 1854.Malayala Manorama in Malayalam language from Kerala state in 1888.
5 REGISTRAR OF NEWSPAPERS FOR INDIA: PRESS IN INDIA HIGHLIGHTS FOR THE YEAR2007-2008 *The total number of registered newspapers, as on 31st March, 2008: 69,323 *The number of new newspapers registered during : 4,332 *The total circulation of newspapers : 20,71,08,115 *The largest circulated Daily: The Hindu,English,Chennai : 12,75,553*The second largest circulated Daily: Ananda Bazar Patrika,Bengali,Kolkata : 12,55,850 *The third largest circulated Daily: Eenadu,Telugu,Hyderabad : 11,81,844*The second largest circulated multi-edition Daily: Eenadu,Telugu,(23 editions):22,27,025 *The state with the largest number of registered newspapers (Uttar Pradesh):10,779https://rni.nic.in/
6 The film is the first of its kind reports on the newspaper in India and examines its role in India’s democratic and multicultural, multilingual society.
7 MetricsNewspapers in India are measured on two parameters, circulation and readership.CirculationCirculation is certified by the Audit bureau of Circulation which is an industry body. It audits the paid-for circulation of the member newspaper companies.ReadershipReadership is estimated by two different surveys, The Indian Readership Survey (IRS) and the National Readership Survey (NRS).
8 The National Readership Study 2005 (NRS 2005) in India The National Readership Study 2005 (NRS 2005) in India is the largest survey of its kind in the world, with a sample size of over 2,61,212 house-to-house interviews to track the media exposure and changing consumer trends in both urban and rural India - and of course the estimated readership of publications.The study covers 522 publications (221 dailies and 301 magazines)
9 FINDINGSAn addition of 21 million readers to the print media between 2002 and 2005.Of the 200 million readers, as many as 98 million are from rural India and 101 million from urban India.314 million people who could read and understand one or another language but who did not read any publication.Rising of Dailies from 23% to 24%In 2005, the average urban adult spent 42 minutes a day reading dailies; Three years earlier, the average reading time was 32 minutes.In rural India, it reading time was 35 minutes in 2005 but in 2002, the average reading time was 32 minutes.
10 SITES ON ONLINE NEWSPAPERS OF INDIA -› Directory › News and Media› Asia Pacific-AND MANY, MANY MORE
11 ONLINE NEWSPAPERS : LANGUAGEWISE LANGUAGESNO. OF ONLINE NEWSPAPERESArabic1Assamese8Bengali15English114Gujarati13Hindi45Kannada11Malayalam10Marathi12Nepali2OriyaSanskritPunjabi6Tamil25TeluguTibetanUrdu
13 Online News Category Sees Record Number of Visitors in October 2009 15.8 million visitors nearly 16 million people visited an online news site in Indiaage 15 and olderrepresenting 44 percent of the online population in India.A gain of 37 percent from the previous year.An average visitor to the news/information category spent 22 minutes on news sitesConsumed 38 pages of contentMumbai, India, December 14, 2009 – comScore, Inc. (NASDAQ: SCOR
14 Top 10 News/Information Sites in India : Visitors in October 2009 Source: comScore World MetrixAverage Minutes per VisitorAverage Pages per VisitorTotal Internet : Total Audience700.61,155News/Information2238Yahoo! News3.69New York Times Digital3.75The Times of India14.327Oneindia.in5.813The Hindu Group4The Indian Express Group5.37HT Media Ltd11.524NDTV.com11.315BBC7.6The Economic Times1020
15 TOP 10 NEWS/INFORMATION SITES IN INDIA BASED ON VISITORS TOP 10 NEWS/INFORMATION SITES IN INDIA BASED ON VISITORS. (BETWEEN OCTOBER 2009 Vs OCTOBER 2008Total India Internet Audience, Age Home & Work Locations Source: comScore World MetrixTotal Unique Visitors (000)Oct-2008Oct-2009% ChangeTotal Internet : Total Audience31,17936,17016News/Information11,52915,83837Yahoo! News3,3124,16926New York Times Digital2,3063,85467The Times of India1,4762,62678Oneindia.in9492,359148The Hindu Group1,2991,55119The Indian Express Group9251,24435HT Media Ltd1,0881,1556NDTV.com8481,10430BBC77799228The Economic Times7698207
16 SURVEY ON READERSHIP : FUNDED BY UGC HIGHLIGHTS:The female English Internet newspaper readers: 13%(This has doubled from the previous study);The majority of readership is in the age group of years,and it is more in states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Delhi,Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh;Majority of the readers are highly educated i.e. 60%Browsing online newspapers mainly for news – 95%Browsing for Book/film/theatre reviews %Advertisements %.
17 CONTINUED:Reading more about business & economy – 69%,politics – 60%,science & technology -60%.Sports news is favoured only by 37% of the users.Matrimonial advertisements by about 2.5%readersReaders of Cartoons - only 0.44%
18 MAJOR PLAYERAccording to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2008, the Times of India is the most widely read English newspaper in India with a readership of million. This ranks the Times of India as the top Englishnewspaper in India by readership.According to Comscore. TOI Online is theworld's most-visited newspaper websitewith 159 million page views in May 2009,ahead of the New York Times, The Sun,Washington Post, Daily Mail, and USA Today Websites.
19 DAINIK JAGRANDainik Jagran, is a world's Largest Hindi Portal and it is the 17th most widely read newspaper in the world. It was the brainchild of the freedom fighter Mr. Puranchandra Gupta. The first edition was launched in Jhansi in 1942 and in 1947 Dainik Jagran shifted its headquarters to Kanpur where it launched its second edition on 21 September, 1947.Dainik Jagran is India's largest circulated Hindi daily, with Million Readers according to National Readership Survey. It is the first Indian publication to cross the 20 million mark.
20 Sudharma, the only Sanskrit daily newspaper in India, began its online version in June By going online Sudharma is planning to attract advertisers, which is essential for the survival of the only Sanskrit daily
21 ONLINE NEWSPAPER ARCHIVES THE TIMES OF INDIA ( )THE HINDU ( )HINDUSTAN TIMES ( )THE INDIAN EXPRESS ( )THE TELEGRAPH ( )THE STATESMAN ( )THE NEW INDIAN EXPRESS ( )DNA ( )ECONOMIC TIMES ( )PUNJABNEWSLINE ( )