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Dr. O.N. CHAUBEY Dr. R. CHANDRA. INDIAN NEWSPAPERS IN ENGLISH: GENESIS BENGAL GAZETTE OR CALCUTTA GENERAL ADVERTISER IN 1780; The Times of India in 1838.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. O.N. CHAUBEY Dr. R. CHANDRA. INDIAN NEWSPAPERS IN ENGLISH: GENESIS BENGAL GAZETTE OR CALCUTTA GENERAL ADVERTISER IN 1780; The Times of India in 1838."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. O.N. CHAUBEY Dr. R. CHANDRA

2 INDIAN NEWSPAPERS IN ENGLISH: GENESIS BENGAL GAZETTE OR CALCUTTA GENERAL ADVERTISER IN 1780; The Times of India in 1838 The Statesman from Calcutta in 1875 The Hindu from Chennai in 1878 The Bengal Journal, The Oriental Magazine, The Calcutta Chronicle, The Madras Courier, The Indian Herald, The Bombay Herald and The Bombay Courier.

3 The period between Birth and closure of a multitude of newspapers. The famous freedom fighters as Editors like: Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Kesari) Mahatma Gandhi (Young India, Harijan and Navajeevan Post-Independence scene India had about 4,000 newspapers and magazines in 17 languages. 51,960 that included dailies and publications of all the periodicities, in ,413 at the end of March ,483 on 31st March 2006,

4 T he Samachar Darpan in Bengali. The first issue of this daily was published from the Serampore Mission Press on May 23, In the same year, Ganga Kishore Bhattacharya started publishing another newspaper in Bengali, the Bengal Gazetti In SAMBAD KAUMUDI, in Bengali in Miratul-ul-Akhbar in Persian language; On July 1, 1822 the first Gujarati newspaper the Bombay Samachar was published from Bombay, which is still extant. The first Hindi newspaper, the Samachar Sudha Varshan began in Malayala Manorama in Malayalam language from Kerala state in THE FIRST NEWSPAPERS IN INDIAN LANGUAGES

5 *The total number of registered newspapers, as on 31 st March, 2008: 69,323 *The number of new newspapers registered during : 4,332 *The total circulation of newspapers : 20,71,08,115 *The largest circulated Daily: The Hindu,English,Chennai : 12,75,553 *The second largest circulated Daily: Ananda Bazar Patrika,Bengali,Kolkata : 12,55,850 *The third largest circulated Daily: Eenadu,Telugu,Hyderabad : 11,81,844 *The second largest circulated multi-edition Daily: Eenadu,Telugu,(23 editions):22,27,025 *The state with the largest number of registered newspapers (Uttar Pradesh):10,779 https://rni.nic.in/

6 The film is the first of its kind reports on the newspaper in India and examines its role in Indias democratic and multicultural, multilingual society.

7 Metrics Newspapers in India are measured on two parameters, circulation and readership. Circulation Circulation is certified by the Audit bureau of Circulation which is an industry body. It audits the paid-for circulation of the member newspaper companies. Readership Readership is estimated by two different surveys, The Indian Readership Survey (IRS) and the National Readership Survey (NRS).

8 The National Readership Study 2005 (NRS 2005) in India is the largest survey of its kind in the world, with a sample size of over 2,61,212 house-to-house interviews to track the media exposure and changing consumer trends in both urban and rural India - and of course the estimated readership of publications. The study covers 522 publications (221 dailies and 301 magazines)

9 Rising of Dailies from 23% to 24% In 2005, the average urban adult spent 42 minutes a day reading dailies; Three years earlier, the average reading time was 32 minutes. In rural India, it reading time was 35 minutes in 2005 but in 2002, the average reading time was 32 minutes. An addition of 21 million readers to the print media between 2002 and Of the 200 million readers, as many as 98 million are from rural India and 101 million from urban India. 314 million people who could read and understand one or another language but who did not read any publication.

10 untry=India - Directory News and MediaDirectoryNews and Media Asia PacificAsia Pacific newspaper.htmlwww.allindianewspapers.com/india- newspaper.html AND MANY, MANY MORE SITES ON ONLINE NEWSPAPERS OF INDIA

11 ONLINE NEWSPAPERS : LANGUAGEWISE LANGUAGESNO. OF ONLINE NEWSPAPERES Arabic1 Assamese8 Bengali15 English114 Gujarati13 Hindi45 Kannada11 Malayalam10 Marathi12 Nepali2 Oriya8 Sanskrit1 Punjabi6 Tamil25 Telugu10 Tibetan1 Urdu11

12 ONLINE NEWSPAPERS: STATEWISE States No. Online Newspapers States No. Online Newspapers Andhra Pradesh18Maharashtra34 Assam11Manipur5 Bihar4Meghalaya1 Chandigarh1Mizo1 Delhi44Orissa9 Goa5Punjab7 Gujarat12Rajasthan11 Haryana3Sikkim2 Himachal Pradesh 1Tamil Nadu40 Jammu & Kashmir 9Tripura3 Karnataka22Uttar Pradesh10 Kerala14West Bengal21 Madhya Pradesh6

13 15.8 million visitors nearly 16 million people visited an online news site in India age 15 and older representing 44 percent of the online population in India. A gain of 37 percent from the previous year. An average visitor to the news/information category spent 22 minutes on news sites Consumed 38 pages of content Mumbai, India, December 14, 2009 – comScore, Inc. (NASDAQ: SCOR

14 Source: comScore World Metrix Average Minutes per Visitor Average Pages per Visitor Total Internet : Total Audience700.61,155 News/Information2238 Yahoo! News3.69 New York Times Digital3.75 The Times of India Oneindia.in5.813 The Hindu Group3.64 The Indian Express Group5.37 HT Media Ltd NDTV.com BBC7.69 The Economic Times1020 Top 10 News/Information Sites in India : Visitors in October 2009

15 TOP 10 NEWS/INFORMATION SITES IN INDIA BASED ON VISITORS. (BETWEEN OCTOBER 2009 Vs OCTOBER 2008 Total India Internet Audience, Age Home & Work Locations Source: comScore World Metrix Total Unique Visitors (000) Oct-2008Oct-2009% Change Total Internet : Total Audience31,17936,17016 News/Information11,52915,83837 Yahoo! News3,3124,16926 New York Times Digital2,3063,85467 The Times of India1,4762,62678 Oneindia.in9492, The Hindu Group1,2991,55119 The Indian Express Group9251,24435 HT Media Ltd1,0881,1556 NDTV.com8481,10430 BBC The Economic Times

16 SURVEY ON READERSHIP : FUNDED BY UGC HIGHLIGHTS: The female English Internet newspaper readers: 13% (This has doubled from the previous study); The majority of readership is in the age group of years, and it is more in states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Delhi, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh; Majority of the readers are highly educated i.e. 60% Browsing online newspapers mainly for news – 95% Browsing for Book/film/theatre reviews % Advertisements %.

17 Reading more about business & economy – 69%, politics – 60%, science & technology -60%. Sports news is favoured only by 37% of the users. Matrimonial advertisements by about 2.5% readers Readers of Cartoons - only 0.44% CONTINUED:

18 MAJOR PLAYER According to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2008, the Times of India is the most widely read English newspaper in India with a readership of 13.3 million. This ranks the Times of India as the top English newspaper in India by readership. According to Comscore. TOI Online is the world's most-visited newspaper website with 159 million page views in May 2009, ahead of the New York Times, The Sun, Washington Post, Daily Mail, and USA Today Websites.

19 Dainik Jagran, is a world's Largest Hindi Portal and it is the 17th most widely read newspaper in the world. It was the brainchild of the freedom fighter Mr. Puranchandra Gupta. The first edition was launched in Jhansi in 1942 and in 1947 Dainik Jagran shifted its headquarters to Kanpur where it launched its second edition on 21 September, Dainik Jagran is India's largest circulated Hindi daily, with Million Readers according to National Readership Survey. It is the first Indian publication to cross the 20 million mark. DAINIK JAGRAN

20 Sudharma, the only Sanskrit daily newspaper in India, began its online version in June By going online Sudharma is planning to attract advertisers, which is essential for the survival of the only Sanskrit daily

21 ONLINE NEWSPAPER ARCHIVES THE TIMES OF INDIA ( ) THE HINDU ( ) HINDUSTAN TIMES ( ) THE INDIAN EXPRESS ( ) THE TELEGRAPH ( ) THE STATESMAN ( ) THE NEW INDIAN EXPRESS ( ) DNA ( ) ECONOMIC TIMES ( ) PUNJABNEWSLINE ( )

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